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BP Cherry Point Refinery


  1. Name of the facility:
      BP Cherry Point Refinery

  2. Location:
      Northwestern Whatcom County, 7 miles southeast of Blaine, Washington.

  3. Distance from the US/Canada border:
      8 miles

  4. Type/size of the facility:
      Large complex petroleum refinery (225,000 barrels crude processed per day) is proposing a Clean Gasoline Project. The project consists of a Straight Run Naphtha Dehexanizer, a Naphtha Hydrotreater, and a Benzene Saturation - Isomerization Unit (UOP Penex-PlusT). The purpose of the project is to process light naphtha feedstocks to produce a gasoline blend component that has essentially no benzene, olefins, or sulfur, and is higher in octane than its feed. The project will allow the refinery to meet the 2005 federal standard for sulfur in gasoline and will decrease benzene in all gasoline produced at the refinery.

  5. Source of emissions:
      New Isomerization Unit (process heaters and fugitive emissions from equipment leaks), Existing Boilers, Existing Hydrogen Heaters, Existing Storage Tanks, Existing Sulfur Recovery Unit.

  6. Type of fuel:
      Refinery Fuel Gas.

  7. Type/quantity of emissions & Emission control technology:

    BP is required to install best available control technology (BACT) on new Isomerization Unit process heaters. For the two new process heaters (100 MMBtu/hr & 18 MMBtu/hr), BP estimates the following potential emissions and proposes the following controls as BACT:

    Pollutant Quantity of Emissions
    (tons / yr)
    Emission Control Technology
    NOx 18.1 Callidus Ultra BLUE Low NOx burners (or equivalent)
    PM10 3.9 Proper combustion
    SO2 28.9 NSPS Subpart J compliant refinery fuel gas
    VOC 2.8 Proper combustion
    CO 23.7 Proper combustion

    • VOC emissions from new Isomerization Unit equipment leaks will be controlled through compliance with EPA's Refinery MACT requirements at 40 CFR Part 63, Subpart CC. This MACT is considered BACT for this project.
    • BACT is not required of units simply experiencing an increase in utilization. These units include existing boilers and hydrogen heaters.
    • BP anticipates increased feed to the Sulfur Recovery Unit by less than 1 percent, and no detectable increase in emissions is anticipated.
    • BP estimates that evaporative VOC emissions from existing tanks will decrease by 2 tons annually as a result of this project.

    The overall project's emissions increases (not considering contemporaneous emissions increases and decreases) are as follows:

    Pollutant Quantity of Emissions
    (tons / yr)
    NOx 166
    PM10 11
    SO2 84
    VOC 31
    CO 47
    H2SO4 2

  8. Date permit application received:
      July 25, 2002.

  9. Stack height and diameter:
      Stack 1 (100 MMBtu/hr Isom Heater):
      Height: 165 feet
      Diameter: 7 feet

      Stack 2 (18 MMBtu/hr Isom Heater):
      Height: 165 feet
      Diameter: 3.97 feet

      For additional stack (including emissions) information for units experiencing increased utilization, please contact permitting authorities noted below.

  10. Permit agency's contact name, address, telephone number:
      State of Washington Department of Ecology
      Air Quality Program
      Attn: Robert Burmark
      P.O. Box 47600
      Olympia, WA 98504-7600
      Phone: 360.407.6812

      Northwest Air Pollution Authority
      Attn: Lynn Billington
      1600 South Second Street
      Mt. Vernon, WA 98273-5202
      Phone: 360.428.1617, ext 213

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