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Roadway Construction Using Industrial Materials
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US EPA and Federal Highway Administration Resources
Recycled Materials Resource Center
The Recycled Materials Resource Center (RMRC) is a national center that promotes the appropriate use of recycled materials in the highway environment. The RMRC website provides access to research efforts and results as well as other technical resources related to the use of recycled materials in transportation applications. The RMRC is funded by the Federal Highway Administration and the US Environmental Protection Agency.
Office of Pavement Technology Recycling Homepage
One of the focus areas for the Federal Highway Administrations (FHWA) Office of Pavement Technology is environmental stewardship which includes recycling and reducing noise abatement. Their recycling website includes information on FHWAs current projects and activities to facilitate the use of recycled materials in the highway environment.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Guidebook on Fly Ash
Provides information on specifications, mix design, and recommendations for the use of fly ash as a mineral admixture in the production of concrete.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Guidebook on Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag
Provides information on specifications, mix design, and recommendations for the use of ground granulated blast furnace slag as a mineral admixture in the production of concrete.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Guidebook on Silica Fume
Provides information on specifications, mix design, and recommendations for the use of silica fume as a mineral admixture in the production of concrete.
Transportation Applications of Recycled Concrete Aggregate A report by the Recycled Materials Resource Center (RMRC) which reviews the most advanced transportation uses of recycled concrete aggregate in the United States. It summarizes the review of recycled concrete aggregate practices in Texas, Virginia, Michigan, Minnesota, and California. This review was conducted by the Federal Highway Administration through the RMRC.
FHWA Policy and Technical Advisories
Technical Advisory T 5080.9. Use of Coal Ash in Embankments and Bases. US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, May 1988
To set forth guidance and recommendations relating to the use of coal ash in bases and embankments, this Technical Advisory covers the history of coal ash use in these applications along with discussions on environmental, design, and construction considerations.
Technical Advisory: Use of Recycled Concrete Pavement as Aggregate in Hydraulic-Cement Concrete Pavement
This Technical Advisory issues information on state-of-the-practice and guidance for the use of recycled concrete pavement as aggregate in concrete used for pavements.
Tools for Assessing Risk in Roadway Environments
Geo Engineering Report No. 05-22: Assessing Groundwater Impacts from Coal Combustion Products Used In Highways (PDF) (111 pp, 1.7MBK)
The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison evaluated a computer application, called WiscLeach, that was developed to assess impacts to groundwater caused by leaching of trace elements from coal combustion products used in highway construction. This study was funded by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Waste Reduction and Recycling Demonstration grant Program and Alliant Energy.
Geo Engineering Report No. 05-21: Metals Leaching from Highway Test Sections Constructed with Industrial Byproducts (PDF) (72 pp, 1.6MB)
Describes the results of a study by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to assess metals leaching from industrial byproducts (foundry sand and foundry slag from a gray-iron foundry; and bottom ash and fly ash from a coal-fired power plant) used in highway construction. This study was funded by the Recycled Materials Research Center through the Wisconsin Department of Transportation, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Waste Reduction and Recycling Demonstration Grant Program, and Alliant Energy.
State Specifications and Provisions
Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) Standard Specifications (PDF) (1028 pp, 5.6MB)
Pages 693-696 covers fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag used as a pozzolan; and pages 697-699 addresses silica fume used a pozzolanic mineral admixture.
Caltrans Standard Specifications May 2006 (PDF) (507 pp, 112MB)
Engineering and Environmental Specifications of State Agencies for Utilization and Disposal of Coal Combustion Products: Volume 1 DOT Specifications 2005-EERC-07-04 (PDF) (62 pp, 216K)
The Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota developed two reports presenting State transportation and environmental regulations governing the use of coal combustion products. Volume 1 presents a state by state comparison of US Department of Transportation specifications. Volume 2 presents a comparison of state environmental laws and regulations authorizing beneficial reuse of coal combustion by-products.
National Highway Specifications Website
Developed and maintained by the Federal Highway Administration, this website consists of a searchable library of highway specifications from across the nation.
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials advocates transportation-related policies and provides technical services to support states in their efforts to efficiently and safely move people and goods. Goals and Objectives include: Re-establish transportation as a national priority; advocate and communicate to achieve AASHTOs goals; provide world class technical services; and assist state DOTs with leadership and performance.
|Cement Specifications||Concrete Specifications||Other Specifications|
|AASHTO M 240, Blended Hydraulic Cements.||AASHTO M 295-00. Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete.||AASHTO MP 10-03. Standard Specification Compost for Erosion/Sediment Control (Compost Blankets).|
|ASTM C 595, Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements.||AASHTO MP 016-07, Standard Specification for Reclaimed Concrete Aggregate for Use as Coarse Aggregate in Hydraulic Cement Concrete.||AASHTO M 17-07, Standard Specification for Mineral Filler for Bituminous Paving Mixtures.|
|ASTM C 618, Standard Specification for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete.||AASHTO MP 015-06, Standard Specification for Use of Reclaimed Asphalt Shingles as an Additive in Hot-Mix Asphalt.|
|AASHTO PP 053-06, Standard Practice for Design Considerations When Using Reclaimed Asphalt Shingles in New Hot-Mix Asphalt.|
Other Roadway Resources
Green Highways Partnership Recycling and Reuse of Industrial Materials Team
Information on recycling and reusing industrial materials in roadways, which is a component of the Mid-Atlantic Green Highways Partnership.
American Concrete Paving Association (ACPA)
ACPA is the national association representing the concrete pavement industry. Their mission is to make portland cement concrete the material of choice for airport, highway, street, and local road pavements.