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Miscellaneous Products

Under the CPG program, EPA designated the following miscellaneous products and published recycled-content recommendations for each item:

Page Contents:

Product Information:

Database of Manufacturers and Suppliers
This database identifies manufacturers and suppliers of designated products containing recovered materials.

GSA Advantage!
The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) has an online ordering system and publishes various supply catalogs, guides, and schedules for recycled-content products through the Federal Supply Service.

For More Information:

2007 Buy-Recycled Series: Miscellaneous Products (PDF) (7 pp, 146K, About PDF) 
This fact sheet highlights miscellaneous products designated in the CPG, including awards and plaques, and includes recommended recovered-content levels and a list of resources.

Awards and Plaques

Government agencies purchase millions of dollars’ worth of awards and plaques each year for awards programs, recognition ceremonies, and other initiatives. Recovered-content awards are generally made from blown glass while plaques can be made with a variety of recovered materials including wood, paper, plastic, and plastic/wood composites.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing awards and plaques as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Awards and Plaques ¹

Product Material Postconsumer Content(%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Awards and Plaques Glass 75-100 100
Wood -- 100
Paper 40-100 40-100
Plastic and Plastic/
Wood Composite
50-100 95-100

¹EPA's recommendations do not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing awards and plaques manufactured from other materials. They simply require that a procuring agency, when purchasing glass, wood, paper, or plastic awards or plaques, purchase these items containing recovered materials when the item meets applicable specifications and performance requirements.

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content awards and plaques, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Bike Racks

Bike racks provide a method for cyclists to secure their bicycles safely. Commonly found in public areas, bike racks can be designed to hold 1 to 50 bicycles and can be free standing units, anchored by bolts or cement, or embedded into the ground.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing bike racks as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Bike Racks

Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Bike Rack Steel 1 16 25-30
HDPE 100 100

¹The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item is generally made from steel manufactured in a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered steel, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel.

Product Specifications:

EPA did not identify any industry standards or specifications that would preclude the use of recovered materials in bike racks.

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content awards and plaques, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG IV/RMAN IV.

Blasting Grit

Blasting grit is an industrial abrasive used to shape, cut, sharpen, or finish a variety of other surfaces and materials. Abrasives are used in many industries, including construction, automotive, and landscaping and can be fashioned for use on metals, ceramics, carbides, composites, glass, and plastics.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing blasting grit as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Blasting Grit

Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Blasting Grit Steel 1 16-67 25-100
Coal Slag -- 100
Copper and Nickel Slag -- 100
Bottom Ash -- 100
Glass 100 100
Glass/Plastic 20 100
Fused Alumina Oxide 100 100
Walnut Shells -- 100

¹The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item may contain steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF), or a combination of both. Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered steel, of which 16 percent is postconsumer. Steel from the EAF process contains 100 percent total recovered steel, of which 67 percent is postconsumer. According to industry sources, blasting grit containing a combination of BOF and EAF steel would contain 25-85 percent total recovered steel, of which 16-67 percent would be postconsumer. Since there is no way of knowing which type of steel was used in the manufacture of the item, the postconsumer and total recovered material content ranges in this table encompass the whole range of possibilities, i.e., the use of EAF steel only, BOF steel only, or a combination of the two.

Product Specifications:

EPA did not find any specifications that would preclude the use of recovered materials in blasting grit. EPA recommends that procuring agencies exercise OSHA or other required standard safety practices when using blasting grit, particularly when using blasting grit containing slag materials.

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on blasting grit, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG IV/RMAN IV.

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Industrial Drums

An industrial drum is a cylindrical container used for shipping and storing liquid or solid materials. According to the Plastic Drum Institute (PDI), between 12 and 15 million plastic drums are manufactured annually. Most drums are used to ship chemical and petroleum products. Steel, plastic, and pressed fiberboard drums can be manufactured with recovered steel, HDPE, and paperboard, respectively.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing industrial drums as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Steel, Plastic, and Fiber Industrial Drums¹
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Steel drums Steel² 16 25-30
Plastic drums HDPE 30-100 30-100
Fiber drums Paper 100 100

¹EPA's recommendations do not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing another type of industrial drum. They require that a procuring agency, when purchasing industrial drums made from steel, plastic, or fiber, purchase these items made with recovered materials when they meet applicable specifications and performance requirements. 

²The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items are made from steel manufactured in a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel.

Product Specifications:
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content industrial drums, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

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Manual-Grade Strapping

Strapping is used in transport packaging to hold products in place on pallets or in other methods of commercial, bulk shipment to prevent tampering and pilferage during shipping. EPA's designation is limited to manual-grade strapping products that are made from recovered PP, PET, and steel.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing manual-grade strapping as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Manual-Grade Polyester, Polypropylene, and Steel Strapping
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Polyester strapping PET 50-80 50-85
Polypropylene strapping PP 10-40
Steel strapping1 Steel 16
67
25-30
100

1The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item can be made from steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100% recovered steel, of which 67 percent is postconsumer.

Product Specifications:

Specifications and guidance for breaking strength, elongation, and other characteristics of various types of strapping can be found in the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards listed in the following table. These specifications neither recommend nor preclude the use of recovered materials.

ASTM Recommended Specifications and Guide for Strapping
ASTM Specification or Guidance Number Title
ASTM D 3953 Exit EPA Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals
ASTM D 3950-12a Exit EPA Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)
ASTM D 4675-09e1 Exit EPA Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content strapping, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Mats

Mats are temporary or semipermanent protective floor coverings used for numerous applications including protecting carpet from wear and tear or providing traction on stairs or slippery floors. Manufacturing mats with recovered content diverts a whole range of materials from disposal including postconsumer rubber, PVC, HDPE, LDPE, PET, PP, and some metals.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing mats as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Mats ¹
Product Material Postconsumer Content(%) Total Recovered MaterialsContent (%)
Mats Rubber 75-100 85-100
Plastic 10-100 100
Rubber/Plastic Composite 100 100
¹EPA's recommendations do not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing mats made from other materials. They simply require that procuring agencies, when purchasing mats made from rubber and/or plastic purchase them made with recovered materials when these items meet applicable specifications and performance requirements.
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content mats, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Pallets

Pallets are rigid platforms made of wood, plastic, or paperboard used for shipping a variety of products including food, paper, and military supplies. Wooden pallets can be repaired or rebuilt with wood from old pallets. Plastic and corrugated pallets can be manufactured from recovered materials.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing pallets as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Pallets Containing Recovered Wood, Plastic, or Paperboard ¹
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%)
Wooden pallets Wood 95-100
Plastic pallets:
- Plastic lumber Plastic 100
- Thermoformed Plastic 25-50
- Paperboard pallets Paperboard 50

¹ EPA's recommendation does not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing pallets manufactured from another material. It simply requires that a procuring agency, when purchasing pallets made from wood, plastic, or paperboard, purchase these items made with recovered materials when these items meet applicable specifications and performance requirements.

Product Specifications:

EPA recommends that procuring agencies use the following specifications when procuring pallets:

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on pallets, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG II/RMAN II.

Signage

Signs made from recovered materials are used for public roads and highways, as well as inside and outside of office buildings, museums, parks, and other public places. EPA's designation pertains to plastic signs used for nonroad applications (e.g., building signs, trail signs) and to aluminum roadway and nonroadway signs. The designation also covers any associated plastic or steel supports.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing signage as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Signage
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Signage Plastic 1 80-100 80-100
Aluminum 25 25
Plastic sign posts/supports 1 80-100 80-100
Steel sign posts/supports 2 16
67
25-30
100

1Plastic signs and sign posts are recommended for nonroad applications only, such as, but not limited to, trailway signs in parks and directional/informational signs in buildings.
2The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items can be made from steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100 percent recovered steel, of which 67 percent is postconsumer.

Product Specifications:

EPA is not aware of specifications for nonroad signs containing recovered materials. Standard specifications for road sign size, lettering, color, strength, and performance requirements can be found in the "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices", which is published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content signage, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Sorbents

Absorbents and adsorbents (referred to as "sorbents") are used in environmental, industrial, agricultural, medical, and scientific applications to retain liquids and gases. Absorbents incorporate substances throughout the body of the absorbing material, while adsorbents gather substances over the surface of the material. Sorbents can be manufactured using recovered paper, textiles, plastics, wood, and other materials. EPA's designation covers sorbents containing recovered materials for use in oil and solvent clean-ups and for use as animal bedding, although recycled-content sorbents can be used in other applications.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing sorbents as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Sorbents Used in Oil and Solvents Cleanups and for Use as Animal Bedding
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Sorbents Paper 90-100 100
Textiles 95-100 95-100
Plastics -- 25-100
Wood1 -- 100
Other Organics/Multi-Materials 2 -- 100

1"Wood" includes materials such as sawdust and lumber mill trimmings.

2Examples of other organics include, but are not limited to, peanut hulls and corn stover. An example of multimaterial sorbents would include, but not be limited to, a polymer and cellulose fiber combination.

Product Specifications:

In addition, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has test methods for both absorbents and adsorbents used to remove oils and other compatible fluids from water. These are Standard Method of Testing Sorbent Performance of Absorbents (F 716-09) Exit EPA does not mention any exceptions or differences for testing of sorbents made from recovered materials.

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content sorbents, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

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