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Hazardous Waste Permitting Accomplishment Reports

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Link to Permitting Charts (PDF, 26 pp, 468 Kb)

Six Line Summary Reports| Detailed Reports | Frequent Questions

Six Line Summary Reports

Shows status of facilities with approved controls in place (meaning it meets the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) goal) for the permitting program. The report shows the EPA Region with state breakouts. Process codes and terms

Detailed Reports

Shows facilities with approved controls in place (meaning it meets the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) goal) down to the unit level for both baselines (operating permit and post-closure) in each EPA Region below. Process codes and terms

Map of the US, split into EPA regions Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Region 2: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands Region 3: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Region 6: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas Region 7: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska Region 8: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakaota, Utah, Wyoming Region 9: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Pacific Islands Region 10: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
The information for each region is sorted by state.

Region 1 (PDF) (17 pp, 119 Kb) || Region 2 (PDF) (31 pp, 146 Kb) || Region 3 (PDF) (35 pp, 148 Kb) || Region 4 (PDF) (86 pp, 233 Kb) || Region 5 (PDF) (61 pp, 195 Kb)
Region 6 (PDF) (82 pp, 227 Kb) || Region 7 (PDF) (35 pp, 147 Kb) || Region 8 (PDF) (23 pp, 127 Kb) || Region 9 (PDF) (75 pp, 219 Kb) || Region 10 (PDF) (20 pp, 121 Kb)

Frequent Questions

How do facilities count as being under control?

For a facility to count as being under control, it mainly needs to be issued a permit, or clean-closed, or to be issued an enforceable document to address closure of hazardous waste units at the facility. If a facility is tracked as being under control, it has "approved controls in place to prevent dangerous releases to air, soil, and groundwater. Facilities that have a permit renewal also count as an accomplishment."

The reports above show the progress towards getting the permitting baseline facilities under control.

More detailed information on how facilities count as being under control.

What facilities are included in this permitting baseline?

In general, the baseline includes the facilities that needed new or updated approved controls through 2015. The baseline tracks accomplishments from the beginning of the 2011 fiscal year (10-1-10) through 2015 fiscal year. Many facilities were in operation before RCRA permitting requirements were effective; those facilities were allowed to operate under "interim status" standards until they were permitted (or to clean up the facility if they did not wish to continue operating). The vast majority of those interim status facilities are now permitted or clean-closed. This baseline tracks the relatively few that need an initial control (as of 10-1-10) and those that need updated controls (i.e., renewals) through 2015. The baseline is tracked to show status for the permitting goal under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA).

What are hazardous wastes?

Hazardous wastes can be liquids, solids, or sludges. They can be by-products of manufacturing processes or discarded commercial products. If hazardous wastes are not handled properly, they pose a potential hazard to people and the environment. To ensure that companies handle waste safely and responsibly, EPA has written regulations that track hazardous wastes from the moment they are produced until their ultimate disposal. The regulations set standards for the hazardous waste management facilities that treat, store, and dispose of hazardous wastes.

What is a hazardous waste management facility?

Hazardous waste management facilities receive hazardous wastes for treatment, storage, or disposal. These facilities are often referred to as treatment, storage, and disposal facilities, or TSDFs.

Treatment facilities use various processes (such as incineration or oxidation) to alter the character or composition of hazardous wastes. Some treatment processes enable waste to be recovered and reused in manufacturing settings, while other treatment processes dramatically reduce the amount of hazardous waste.

Storage facilities temporarily hold hazardous wastes until they are treated or disposed of.

Disposal facilities permanently contain hazardous wastes. The most common type of disposal facility is a landfill, where hazardous wastes are disposed of in carefully constructed units designed to protect groundwater and surface-water resources.

What laws and regulations govern TSDFs?

EPA has written detailed regulations to make sure that TSDFs operate safely and protect people and the environment. EPA wrote these regulations to implement the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984. The U.S. Congress passed these laws to address public concerns about the management of hazardous waste. EPA can authorize states to carry out the RCRA program. To receive authorization, state requirements must be as strict, or stricter, than the federal requirements. Federal or state agencies that implement RCRA are known as "permitting agencies."

What is a RCRA permit?

A RCRA permit is a legally binding document that establishes the waste management activities that a facility can conduct and the conditions under which it can conduct them. The permit outlines facility design and operation, lays out safety standards, and describes activities that the facility must perform, such as monitoring and reporting. Permits typically require facilities to develop emergency plans, find insurance and financial backing, and train employees to handle hazards. Permits also can include facility-specific requirements such as ground-water monitoring. The permitting agency has the authority to issue or deny permits and is responsible for monitoring the facility to ensure that it is complying with the conditions in the permit. According to RCRA and its regulations, a TSDF cannot operate without a permit, with a few exceptions.

Who needs a RCRA permit?

All facilities that currently or plan to treat, store, or dispose of hazardous wastes must obtain a RCRA permit.

New TSDFs must receive a permit before they even begin construction. They must prove that they can manage hazardous waste safely and responsibly. The permitting agency reviews the permit application and decides whether the facility is qualified to receive a RCRA permit. Once issued, a permit may last up to 10 years. Operating TSDFs with expiring permits must submit new permit applications six months before their existing permits run out. TSDFs operating under Interim Status must also apply for a permit. Congress granted "interim status" to facilities that already existed when RCRA was enacted. Interim status allows existing facilities to continue operating while their permit applications are being reviewed.

Who does not need a RCRA permit?

There are certain situations where a company is not required to obtain a RCRA a permit. Businesses that generate hazardous waste and transport it off site without storing it for long periods of time do not need a RCRA permit. Businesses that transport hazardous waste do not need a RCRA permit. Businesses that store hazardous waste for short periods of time without treating it do not need a permit.

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