Guide for Industrial Waste ManagementChapter 6: Protecting Surface Water (PDF) (40 pp, 238K, About PDF)
This chapter introduces the methods used to determine the quality and health of surface waters. It then identifies and describes surface water protection programs applicable to waste management units. A separate explanation helps in understanding the fate and transport of pollutants and applies this knowledge to protecting surface waters. This chapter also describes how complying with applicable regulations, implementing storm-water controls, and identifying best management practices (BMPs) to control storm water can help protect surface waters.
This chapter helps to answer the following questions:
- What surface water protection programs are applicable to my waste management unit?
- What are the objectives of run-on and runoff control systems?
- What should be considered in designing surface water protection systems?
- What BMPs should be implemented to protect surface waters from pollutants associated with waste management units?
- What are some of the engineering and physical mechanisms available to control storm water?
U.S. EPA Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water Website on public
drinking water system program. Information and links include state programs,
drinking water state revolving fund, EPA's Drinking Water Academy, and
drinking water rules.
U.S. EPA Office of Science and Technology (OST) Website on effluent
limitations guidelines and standards. Effluent guidelines are national
standards for wastewater dischargers to surface waters and publicly owned
treatment works issued under Title III of the Clean Water Act.
U.S. EPA OST Website providing links to numerous topics including analytical
test methods, beach water quality, drinking water and health advisories,
human health criteria, water quality criteria and standards, contaminated
sediments, water quality economics and benefits, EPA shellfish protection,
fish and wildlife consumption advisories, water quality models, federal-state
toxicology and risk analysis committee, and water quality guidance for
the Great Lakes System.
U.S. EPA Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watershed (OWOW) Website on
water quality monitoring. Contains information on monitoring water quality,
water quality reporting, biological assessments, volunteer monitoring,
water quality data systems, and mapping tools.
U.S. EPA OWOW Website on nonpoint source pollution. Contains information
on nonpoint source categories, funding opportunities, the Coastal Zone
Act Reauthorization Amendments Section 6217, the Clean Water Act Section
319, partnerships between states and EPA, and information designed for
students, educators, and kids.
U.S. EPA Office of Wastewater Management (OWM) Website featuring the
NPDES permit program, the National Pretreatment Program, the Biosolids
Management Program, the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, and water efficiency.
U.S. EPA OWM National Pretreatment Program Website. Includes information
on pretreatment standards and limits, prohibited discharge standards,
categorical standards, local limits, and analytical methods.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Website with links to many different
technical tools. Tools includeTR-55, Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds
which presents simplified procedures to calculate storm runoff volume,
peak rate of discharge, hydrographs, and storage volumes required for
The National Centers for Environmental Prediction, National Weather Service,
Climate Prediction Center Website. Contains links to daily and monthly
data, time series, and maps for various climate parameters such as precipitation
National Resource Defense Council's Website on stormwater. Provides
case studies on new ways cities, developers, and others are reducing stormwater