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Research Publications
2003

To obtain reprints, contact WED author listed in bold.
To view abstracts for most papers, click on ABSTRACT.


Earlier WED publications:
2002 - 2001 - 2000 - 1999 - 1998 - 1997

Aber, J.D., C.L. Goodale, S.V. Ollinger, M.-L. Smith, A.H. Magill, M.E. Martin, R.A. Hallett, and J.L. Stoddard. 2003. Is nitrogen deposition altering the nitrogen status of Northeastern forests? BioScience 53(4):1-15. WED-04-010
ABSTRACT

Allen-Gil, S.M., J. Ford, B.K. Lasorsa, M. Monetti, T. Vlasova, and D.H. Landers. 2003. Heavy metal contamination in the Taimyr Peninsula, Siberian Arctic. The Science of the Total Environment 301:119-138. WED-01-121
ABSTRACT

Anastasiou, C.J. and J. R. Brooks. 2003. Effects of soil pH, redox potential, and elevation on survival of Spartina patens planted at a west central Florida salt marsh restoration site. Wetlands 23(4): 845-859. WED-02-150
ABSTRACT

Andersen, C.P. 2003. Source-sink balance and carbon allocation below ground in plants exposed to ozone. New Phytologist 157:213-228. WED-02-145
ABSTRACT

Anderson, J.L., R.W. Hilborn, R.T. Lackey, and D. Ludwig. 2003. Watershed restoration – Adaptive decision making in the face of uncertainty. Chapter 9 (pages 203-232) in R.C. Wissmar and P.A. Bisson, editors. Strategies for Restoring River Ecosystems: Sources of Variability and Uncertainty in Natural and Managed Systems. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD. WED-01-030

Ator, S.W., A.R. Olsen, A.M. Pitchford, and J.M. Denver. 2003. Application of a multipurpose unequal probability stream survey in the Mid-Atlantic coastal plain. J. Am. Water Resources Assn. 39(4):873-885. WED-02-136
ABSTRACT

Boese, B.L., K.E. Alayan, E.F. Gooch, and B.D. Robbins. 2003. Desiccation index: A direct measure of the effects of tidal exposure on eelgrass (Zostera marina) in an Oregon estuary. Aquat. Bot. 76: 329-337. WED-02-122
ABSTRACT

Brooks, J.R., P.J. Schulte, B.J. Bond, R. Coulombe, T.M. Hinckley, N. McDowell, and N. Phillips. 2003. Does foliage on the same branch compete for the same water? Experiments on Douglas-fir trees. Trees 17:101-108. WED-01-078
ABSTRACT

Bryce, S.A., A.J.Woods, J.D. Morefield, J.M. Omernik, T.R. McKay, G.K. Brackley, R.K. Hall, D.K, Higgins, D.C. McMorran, K.E. Vargas, E.B. Petersen, D.C. Zamudio, and J.A. Comstock. 2003. Ecoregions of Nevada (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. (map scale 1:1,350,000) (R.L. Blair) WED-02-166

Cairns, M.A., I. Olmsted, J. Granados, and J. Argaez. 2003. Composition and aboveground tree biomass of a dry semi-evergreen forest on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. For. Ecol. & Mgt.186:125-132. WED-03-038
ABSTRACT

Carroll, C., M.K. Phillips, N.H. Schumaker, and D.W. Smith. 2003. Impacts of landscape change on wolf restoration success: planning a reintroduction program based on static and dynamic spatial models. Conservation Biology 17(2):536-548. WED-03-123
ABSTRACT

Carroll, C., R.F. Noss, P.C. Paquet, and N.H. Schumaker. 2003. Use of population viability analysis and reserve selection algorithms in regional conservation plans. Ecological Applications 13(6)1773-1789. WED-03-120
ABSTRACT

Cifuentes, L.A., P.M. Eldridge, J.E. Kaldy III, and R. Maffione. 2003. Water column data in spectral irradiance model. Pages 1-54, Part IV, chapter 6 in K. Dutton, editor. Effects of Dredge Deposits on Seagrasses: an Integrative Model for Laguna Madre. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Galveston. WED-00-059

Compton, J.E., M.R. Church, S.T. Larned and W.E. Hogsett. 2003. Nitrogen saturation in forested watersheds of the Oregon Coast Range: The landscape role of N2-fixing red alder. Ecosystems 6:773-785. WED-02-154
ABSTRACT

Donohue, J.M., and J. Orme Zavaleta. 2003. Toxicological basis for drinking water risk assessment. Pages 133-146 in F.W. Pontius, editor. Drinking Water Regulations and Health. Wiley-Interscience, New York. WED-02-078

DeWitt, T.W., A.F. D’Andrea, C.A. Brown, B.D. Griffen and P.M. Eldridge. 2004. Impact of burrowing shrimp populations on nitrogen cycling and water quality in western North American temperature estuaries. Pages 107-115 in Akio Tamaki, editor. Proceedings of the Symposium on Ecology of Large Bioturbators in Tidal Flats and Shallow Sublittoral Sediments – from Individual Behavior to their Role as Ecosystem Engineers, November 2003. Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan. WED-04-094
ABSTRACT

Ebersole, J.L., W.J. Liss, and C.A. Frissell. 2003. Coldwater patches in warm streams: physicochemical characteristics and the influence of shading. J. Am. Water Resources Assn. 39(2)355-368. WED-02-148
ABSTRACT

Ebersole, J.L., W.J. Liss, and C.A. Frissell, 2003. Thermal heterogeneity, stream channel morphology and salmonid abundance in northeast Oregon streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 60:1266-1280. WED-03-030
ABSTRACT

Eldridge, P.M., and J.E. Kaldy III. 2003. Carbon and nitrogen allocation model for the seagrass Thalassia testudunum in Lower Laguna Madre. Pages 1-26 Part II, chapter 2 in K. Dutton, editor. Effects of Dredge Deposits on Seagrasses: an Integrative Model for Laguna Madre. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Galveston. WED-00-057

Eldridge, P.M., and J. Morse. 2003. Sediment geochemical model. Pages 1-32, Part II, chapter 3 in K. Dutton, editor. Effects of Dredge Deposits on Seagrasses: an Integrative Model for Laguna Madre. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Galveston. WED-00-058

Ernst, K.A., and J.R. Brooks, 2003. Prolonged flooding decreased stem density, tree size and shifted composition towards clonal species in a central Florida hardwood swamp. For. Ecol. & Mgmt. 173:261-279. WED-01-101
ABSTRACT

Fairbrother, A. 2003. Lines of evidence in wildlife risk assessments. Hum. & Ecol. Risk Assess. 9:1475-1491. WED-02-185
ABSTRACT

Felicetti, L.A., C.C. Schwartz, R.O. Rye, M.A. Haroldson, K.A. Gunther, D.L. Phillips, and C.T. Robbins. 2003. Use of sulfur and nitrogen stable isotopes to determine the importance of whitebark pine nuts to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Can J. Zool. 81:763-770. WED-03-094
ABSTRACT

Field, J.A., R.L Reed, T.E. Sawyer, S.M. Griffith, and P.J. Wigington. 2003. Diuron occurrence and distribution in soil and surface and ground water associated with grass seed production. J. Environ. Qual. 32(1):171-179. WED-01-160
ABSTRACT

Ford, C.R., and J.R. Brooks. 2003. Hydrological and climatic responses of Pinus elliottii var. densa in mesic pine flatwoods, Florida, USA. Ann. For. Sci. 60:385-392. WED-00-071
ABSTRACT

Gregg, J. W., C. G. Jones and T. E. Dawson. 2003.Urbanization effects on tree growth in the vicinity of New York City. Nature 424: 183-187 WED-01-127
ABSTRACT

Griffith, M.B. P.Husby, R.K. Hall, P.R. Kaufmann, and B.H. Hill. 2003. Analysis of macroinvertebrate assemblages in relation to environmental gradients among lotic habitats of California’s Central Valley.  Envir. Monitor. Assess. 82:281-309.

Hill, B.H., A.T. Herlihy, P.R. Kaufmann, S.J. DeCelles, M.A. Vander Borgh. 2003.   Assessment of streams of the eastern United States using a periphyton index of biotic integrity.  Ecological Indicators 2:325-338.

Hobbie, E.A., L.S. Watrud, S. Maggard, T. Shiroyama and P.T. Rygiewicz. 2003. Carbohydrate use and assimilation by litter and soil fungi assessed by carbon isotope and BIOLOG® assays. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35:303-311. WED-01-137
ABSTRACT

Hooker, T.D., and J.E. Compton. 2003. Forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen accumulation during the first century after agricultural abandonment. Ecological Applications 13(2):299-313. WED-01-163
ABSTRACT

Jones, W.B, L.A. Cifuentes, and J.E. Kaldy. 2003. Stable carbon isotope evidence for coupling between sedimentary bacteria and seagrasses in a sub-tropical lagoon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 255:15-25. WED-03-036
ABSTRACT

Kaste, O., J.L. Stoddard, and A. Henricksen. 2003. Implication of lake water residence time on the classification of Norwegian surface water sites into progressive stages of nitrogen saturation. Water Air Soil Pollut. 142:409-424. WED-03-182
ABSTRACT

Kentula, M.E., and T.H. DeWitt. 2003. Abundance of seagrass (Zostera marina L.) and macroalgae in relation to the salinity-temperature gradient in Yaquina Bay, Oregon, USA. Estuaries 26: (4B)1130-1141. WED-02-179
ABSTRACT

Klemm, D.J., K.A. Blocksom, F.A. Fulk, A.T. Herlihy, R.M. Hughes, P.R. Kaufmann, D.V. Peck, J.L. Stoddard, W.T. Thoeny, M.B. Griffith, and W.S. Davis. 2003. Development and evaluation of a macroinvertebrate biotic integrity index (MBII) for regionally assessing Mid-Atlantic Highlands streams. Environmental Management 31:656-669. WED-02-192

Lackey, R.T. 2003. Appropriate use of ecosystem health and normative science in ecological policy. Pages 175-186 in D.J. Rapport, W.L. Lasley, D.E. Rolston, N.O. Nielsen, C.O. Qualset, and A.B. Damania, editors. Managing for Healthy Ecosystems. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. NHEERL-COR-2351A

Lackey, R.T. 2003. Setting goals and objectives in managing for healthy ecosystems. Pages 165-166 in D.J. Rapport, W.L. Lasley, D.E. Rolston, N.O. Nielsen, C.O. Qualset, and A.B. Damania, editors. Managing for Healthy Ecosystems. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. WED-00-094

Lackey, R.T. 2003. Pacific Northwest salmon: forecasting their status in 2100. Reviews in Fisheries Science 11(1):35-88. WED-02-053
ABSTRACT

Lackey, R.T. 2003. Nutrient addition to restore salmon runs: considerations for developing environmental protection policies and regulations. Pages 283-285 in J.G. Stockner, editor. Nutrients in Salmonid Ecosystems: Sustaining Production and Biodiversity, American Fisheries Society, Symposium 34. Bethesda, MD. WED-01-128

Lackey, R.T. 2003. A salmon-centric view of the 21st century in the Western United States. Renewable Resources Journal 21(3):11-15. WED-03-148

Larned, S.T. 2003. Effects of the invasive, nonindigenous seagrass Zostera japonica on nutrient fluxes between the water column and benthos in a NE Pacific estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series 254:69-80 (W.G. Nelson) WED-02-129
ABSTRACT

Laurence, J.A., and C.P. Andersen, 2003. Ozone and natural systems: understanding exposure, response, and risk. Invited manuscript, Environ. International 29:155-160. WED-01-189
ABSTRACT

Lawler, J.J., D. White, J.C. Stifenos, and L.L. Master. 2003. Rare species and the use of indicator groups for reserve selection. Conservation Biology 17(3)875-882. WED-02-020
ABSTRACT

Lawler, J.J., D. White, and L.L. Master. 2003. Integrating representation and vulnerability: two approaches for prioritizing areas for conservation. Ecological Applications 13(6)1762-1772. WED-02-156
ABSTRACT

Lee, E.H., D.T. Tingey, W.E. Hogsett, and J.A. Laurence. 2003. History of tropospheric ozone for the San Bernardino Mountains of Southern California 1963-1999. Atmospheric Environment 37:2705-2717. WED-02-134
ABSTRACT

Lee II, H., B. Thompson, and S. Lowe. 2003. Estuarine and scalar patterns of invasion in the soft-bottom benthic communities of the San Francisco Estuary. Biological Invasions 5:85-102. WED-02-120.
ABSTRACT

Leibowitz, S.G., and K.C. Vining. 2003. Temporal connectivity in a prairie pothole complex. Wetlands 23(1):13-25. NHEERL-COR-2338
ABSTRACT

Leibowitz, S.G. 2003. Isolated wetlands and their functions: an ecological perspective. Wetlands 23(3)517-531. WED-03-010
ABSTRACT

Leibowitz, S.G., and T.-L. Nadeau. 2003. Isolated wetlands: State-of-the-science and future directions. Wetlands 23(3):662-683 WED-03-138
ABSTRACT

Lipp, C.C., and C. P. Andersen. 2003. Role of carbohydrate supply in white and brown root respiration of ponderosa pine. New Phytologist 160:523-531. WED-01-012
ABSTRACT

McDowell, N., J.R. Brooks, S. Fitzgerald, and B.J. Bond. 2003. Carbon isotope discrimination and growth response of old Pinus ponderosa trees to stand density reductions. Plant, Cell and Environment 26:631-644. WED-02-186
ABSTRACT

Nadeau, T.-L., and S.G. Leibowitz. 2003. Isolated wetlands: An introduction to the special issue. Wetlands 23(3):471-474.WED-03-145

Olsen, A.R., and D.M. Robertson. 2003 Monitoring design. Water Resources Impact 5(5):14-16. WED-03-142.

Olszyk, D.M., M.G. Johnson, D.T. Tingey, P.T. Rygiewicz, C. Wise, E. VanEss, A. Benson, M.J. Storm, and R. King. 2003. Whole seedling biomass allocation, leaf area and tissue chemistry for Douglas-fir exposed to elevated CO2 and temperature for four years. Can. J. For. Res. 33:269-278. WED-00-070
ABSTRACT

Olszyk, D., M. Johnson, D. Tingey, G. King, M. Storm and M. Plocher. 2003. Effects of carbon dioxide and ozone on growth and biomass allocation in Pinus ponderosa. Ekológia (Bratislava) 22(sup.1):265-276. WED-02-164
ABSTRACT

Omernik, J.M. 2003. The misuse of hydrologic unit maps for extrapolation, reporting, and ecosystem management. J. Am. Water Resources Assn. 39(3):563-573. WED-02-070 (R.L. Blair)
ABSTRACT

Palacios, K.C., and S.P. Ferraro. 2003. Green crab (Carcinus maenas Linnaeus) consumption rates on and prey preferences among four bivalve prey species. J. Shellfish Res. 22(3): 865-871. WED-02-097
ABSTRACT

Pearl, C.A., M.J. Adams, G.S. Schuytema, and A.V. Nebeker. 2003. Behavioral responses of anuran larvae to chemical cues of native and introduced predators in the Pacific Northwestern United States. J Herpetology 37(3):572-576. (J.P. Baker) WED-03-180
ABSTRACT

Phillips, D.L., and J.W. Gregg. 2003. Source partitioning using stable isotopes: coping with too many sources. Oecologia 136:261-269. WED-02-184
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Reynolds, L., A.T. Herlihy, P.R. Kaufmann, S.V. Gregory, and R.M. Hughes. 2003. Electrofishing effort requirements for assessing species richness and biotic integrity in western Oregon streams. N. Am. J. Fisheries Mgt. 23:450-461. WED-01-123
ABSTRACT

Ringold, P. L., J. Van Sickle, K. Rasar and J. Schacher. 2003. Use of Hemispheric Imagery for Estimating Stream Solar Exposure. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 39 (6): 1373-1384. WED-02-135
ABSTRACT

Robbins, B.D., and B.L. Boese. 2003. Macroalgal volume: a surrogate for biomass in some green algae. Botanica Marina 45:586-588. WED-01-113

Rustigian, H.L., M.V. Santelmann, and N.H. Schumaker. 2003. Assessing the potential impacts of alternative landscape designs on amphibian population dynamics. Landscape Ecology 18:65-81. WED-01-124
ABSTRACT

Sappington, K., A. Fairbrother, R. Wentsel, and W. Wood. 2003. Development of a framework for metals risk assessment. J. Environ. Monit. 5:123N-132N. WED-04-002

Schulte, P.J., and J.R. Brooks. 2003. Branch junctions and the flow of water through xylem in Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine stems. J. Exp. Bot. 54(387):1597-1605. WED-03-026
ABSTRACT

Shirazi, M.A., C.B. Johnson, J.M. Omernik, D. White, P. K. Haggerty, and G.E. Griffith. 2003. Quantitative soil descriptions for ecoregions of the United States. J. Environ. Qual. 32:550-561. WED-02-045
ABSTRACT

Sigleo, A., and W. Frick. 2003. Seasonal variations in river flow and nutrient concentrations in a Northwestern USA watershed. Pages 370-375 in Proceedings, First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, Oct. 2003, Benson, AZ., US Dept of Agriculture. WED-03-115
ABSTRACT

Snow, M.D., R.D. Bard, D.M. Olszyk, L. M. Minster, A.N. Hager, and D. T. Tingey. 2003. Monoterpene levels in needles of Douglas fir exposed to elevated CO2 and temperature. Physiologia Plantarum 117:352-358. WED-00-063.
ABSTRACT

Stevens, D.L., and A.R. Olsen. 2003. Variance estimation for spatially balanced samples of environmental resources. Environmetrics 14:593-610. WED-02-110
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Thorson, T.D., S.A. Brice, D.A. Lammers, A.J. Woods, J.M. Omernik, P. Kagan, D.E. Pater, J.A. Comstock. 2003. Ecoregions of Oregon (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs) (map scale 1:1,500,000) U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA. (R.L. Blair) WED-03-019.

Tingey, D.T., D.L. Phillips, and M.G. Johnson. 2003. Optimizing minirhizotron sample frequency for an evergreen and deciduous tree species. New Phytologist 157:155-161. WED-02-032
ABSTRACT

Tingey, D.T., R.B. McKane, D.M. Olszyk, M.G. Johnson, P.T. Rygiewicz, and E. H. Lee. 2003. Elevated CO2 and temperature alter nitrogen allocation in Douglas-fir. Global Change Biology 9:1038-1050. WED-03-009
ABSTRACT

Trudell, S.A., P.T. Rygiewicz, and R. L. Edmonds. 2003. Nitrogen and carbon stable isotope abundances support the myco-heterotrophic nature and host-specificity of certain achlorophyllous plants. New Phytologist 160:391-401. WED-03-107
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Van Sickle, J. 2003. Analyzing correlations between stream and watershed attributes. J. Am. Water Resources Assn. 39(3):717-726. WED-02-183
ABSTRACT

Vellidis, G., M.C. Smith, S.G. Leibowitz, W.B. Ainslie, B.A. Pruit. 2003. Prioritizing wetland restoration for sediment yield reduction: A conceptual model. Environ. Mgt. 31(2):301-312. WED-02-041
ABSTRACT

Watrud, L.S., S. Maggard, T. Shiroyama, C.G. Coleman, M.G. Johnson, K. K. Donegan, G. DiGovanini, L.A. Porteous & E.H. Lee. 2003. Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum L.) frond biomass and rhizosphere microbial community characteristics are correlated to edaphic factors. Plant and Soil 249:359-371. NHEERL-COR-2361J
ABSTRACT

Whigham, D., D. Weller, A.D. Jacobs, T. Jordan, and M. Kentula. 2003. Assessing the ecological condition of wetlands at the catchment scale. Landschap 20(2):99-111. WED-03-083
ABSTRACT

Wigington, J.P., S.M. Griffith, J.A. Field, J.E. Baham, W.R. Horwath, J. Owen, J.H. Davis, S.C. Rain and J.J. Steiner. 2003. Nitrate removal effectiveness of a riparian buffer along a small agricultural stream in Western Oregon. J. Environ. Qual. 32(1):162-170. WED-01-151
ABSTRACT

Young, D.R., D.T. Specht and R.J. Ozretich. 2003. A strategy for protecting circulating seawater systems from oil spills. IOSC (International Oil Spill Conference), May, 2003, Proceedings paper #473. WED-03-077

For further information, contact:
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Western Ecology Division
National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory
Environmental Protection Agency
200 SW 35th Street
Corvallis, Oregon 97333

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