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Lackey, Robert T. 1997. Pacific salmon and the Endangered Species Act. Northwest Science 70(3):281-284.

There are many ethical, political, and scientific implications surrounding "endangered species," making it difficult to discuss reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act without becoming mired in the pro's and con's of various policy choices. The decline of Pacific salmon is used as a case study to evaluate some of the policy debate surrounding reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act. The challenges posed by listing salmon stocks under terms of the Act are such that everyone in the Pacific Northwest is or will be affected. Viewing Pacific salmon as an endangered species policy issue forces us to evaluate the implications of various policy assumptions. All policy choices involve individual and group winners -- and losers -- both within and between generations. From a biological perspective, it may be that some stocks of Pacific salmon have been supplanted with fish species better adapted to the current aquatic environment in the Pacific Northwest.

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