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Ringold, P. and P. Groffman. 1997. Inferential studies of climate change. Ecological Applications 7(3):751-752.

The ecological effects of climate change are complex and profound. The studies described in this feature were undertaken by the Sustainable Biosphere Program Office with the support of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to demonstrate the value of ecological analysis in addressing global-change issues and to make information available for researchers and research planners, risk assessors, and policy makers addressing global-change issues. In particular, the EPA and the SBI were both interested in making this information available to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for assessment of knowledge relevant to the interpretation of Article 2 of the United Nations Framework on climate change. Article 2 calls for "...stabilization of greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a free-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner."

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