Air, Climate, and Energy Research News March 2017
US EPA's Office of Research and Development provides monthly updates on ongoing research, publications, and upcoming events from its air, climate, and energy research. Below are updates released in March 2017.
EPA is collaborating with local groups in Oakland, Calif. and Detroit, Mich. to build and study the effectiveness of roadside vegetation barriers to reduce exposure to vehicle emissions. Oakland is planting a roadside vegetation barrier near Brookfield Elementary School while Detroit will build a barrier at a community park. EPA recently evaluated air quality around the school using vehicle-mounted air sampling devices. School students and community members recently helped plant their vegetation barrier and participants in Detroit are scheduled to begin planting this spring.
The Health Effects Institute (HEI), an independent research organization funded by EPA, the motor vehicle industry and other partners, recently released the State of Global Air 2017, a report and interactive website that provides information on air pollution and its health effects for countries all around the world. According to the study, air pollution is the leading environmental risk factor worldwide and 92 percent of the world’s population live in areas with unhealthy air.
EPA has updated its Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios (ICLUS) model that projects future changes in population, as well as residential, commercial, and industrial development in the United States. The model is used for the development of integrated climate and land-use scenarios used in projections to aid community planning. A report describes the development of ICLUS Version 2 (v2) and the updates to the original data sets and demographic and spatial allocation models.
Sea level rise is occurring worldwide, but this change will not affect all regions the same way. In a new study, researchers investigated the possible range of global sea level rise for the 21st century and then developed regional sea level rise scenarios for the entire U.S. coastline across this global range. Different coastal communities can use the report, and companion dataset, to evaluate their vulnerability to sea level rise. The report was co-authored by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), EPA, Rutgers University, South Florida Water Management District, Columbia University, and U.S. Geological Survey.