C-FERST Issue Profile: 1,3 Butadiene
Motor vehicle exhaust is a source of 1,3-butadiene. Although 1,3-butadiene breaks down quickly in the atmosphere, it is usually found in ambient air at low levels in urban and suburban areas. Short-term human exposure to 1,3-butadiene via inhalation can cause irritation of the eyes, nasal passages, throat, and lungs. Epidemiological studies have reported a possible association between 1,3-butadiene exposure and cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiological studies of workers in rubber plants have shown an association between 1,3-butadiene exposure and increased incidence of leukemia. Animal studies have reported tumors at various sites from 1,3-butadiene exposure. EPA has classified 1,3-butadiene as carcinogenic to humans by inhalation.
Learn more about 1, 3-butadiene by exploring the links provided below.