Ecotoxicological Assessment & Monitoring
EPA researchers are developing, integrating, and evaluating ecological models to predict effects of pesticides and other chemicals on endangered species and wildlife populations. High-level assessments include quantitative estimates of ecologically-relevant risk and identification of risk mitigation options. The majority of chemicals have little or no data on which to base these decisions. For these chemicals, risk assessments rely on ecological models to estimate exposure and subsequent effects.
Tools and Resources
- ECOTOX - Provides information on adverse effects of single chemicals to ecologically relevant aquatic and terrestrial species. It includes more than 780,000 test records covering 12,000 aquatic and terrestrial species and 11,000 chemicals.
- SeqAPASS - Extrapolates from data rich model organisms to thousands of other non-target species to evaluate potential chemical susceptibility.
- Markov Chain Nest Productivity Model - Estimates the impact of pesticide exposures on the reproduction success of bird populations.
- Markov Chain Nest Productivity Model Estimating Tool- Estimates probabilities of failure of avian reproduction in the presence of competing risks.
- Web Ice - Estimates acute toxicity to aquatic and terrestrial organisms for use in risk assessment.
- Species Sensitivity Distribution (SSD) Toolbox - A tool that helps chemical scientists, assessors and regulators understand chemical concentrations in surface waters.
A model is a computer program that attempts to simulate a particular system using algorithms and data to predict the behavior of the system being modeled.