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Ports Primer: A4. Endnotes and Image Sources

1.0 Ports Primer Home   2.0 The Role of Ports   3.0 How Ports Work   4.0 Port-Community Relations   5.0 Land Use and Transportation   6.0 Local and Regional Economy   7.0 Environmental Impacts   8.0 Tools and Resources   9.0 Appendix   Glossary   Endnotes
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2.1 The Role of Ports

Endnotes

  1. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 8. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  2. American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Public Port Facts. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1032.
  3. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. pp. 43-44. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  4. American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Port Industry. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1022&navItemNumber=901.
  5. American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Port Industry. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1022&navItemNumber=901.
  6. American Association of Port Authorities. 2014. National Economic Impact of the U.S. Coastal Port System: Executive Summary. Retrieved from: http://aapa.files.cms-plus.com/PDFs/Martin%20study%20executive%20summary%20final.pdf (4 pp, 496 K)
  7. American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Public Port Facts. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1032.
  8. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. pp. 43-45. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  9. Adapted from: U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 44-45. Retrived from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).

Image Sources

  • U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. pp. 45. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  • ©iStock.com/michaeljung – Not For Reuse
  • ©iStock.com/TERADAT SANTIVIVUT – Not For Reuse
  • ©iStock.com/kozmoat98 – Not For Reuse

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2.2 Current Port Industry Challenges

Endnotes

  1. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 8. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  2. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 11. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  3. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. p. 11. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/pdf/entire.pdf (44 pp, 1.2 M).

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3.1 Port Operations

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Public Port Facts. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1032.
  2. American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. U.S. Public Port Facts. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Industry/content.cfm?ItemNumber=1032.
  3. Definitions adapted from: American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. Glossary of Maritime Terms. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/advocating/content.aspx?ItemNumber=21500.
  4. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  5. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  6. Definitions adapted from: American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. Glossary of Maritime Terms. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/advocating/content.aspx?ItemNumber=21500.
  7. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).

Image Sources

  • ©iStock.com/bugphai – Not For Reuse

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3.2 Port Governance

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  2. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  3. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).

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3.3 Federal and International Governance

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  2. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 35. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  3. Sherman, Rexford B. Seaport Governance in the United States and Canada. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/files/PDFs/governance_uscan.pdf (12 pp, 69 K).
  4. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 35. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  5. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 36. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  6. Quoted from: U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 35. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).

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4.1 Port Impacts to Local Communities

Endnotes

  1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2014. Environmental Justice. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/.

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4.2 Case Studies: Port-Community Relations

Endnotes

  1. Baltimore Port Alliance. 2013. About the Baltimore Port Alliance. Retrieved from: www.baltimoreportalliance.org/.
  2. EcoLogix Group. 2014. Baltimore Port Alliance Environmental Committee. Retrieved from: www.ecologixgroup.com/baltimore-port-alliance-environmental-committee.html.
  3. Baltimore Port Alliance. 2013. Education and Outreach – Serving Communities, Serving Ports. Retrieved from: www.baltimoreportalliance.org/outreach.php.

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5.1 Goods Movement and Transportation Planning

Endnotes

  1. National Environmental Justice Advisory Council. 2009. Reducing Air Emissions Associated With Goods Movement: Working Towards Environmental Justice. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/reducing-air-emissions-associated-goods-movement-working-towards-environmental.
  2. National Environmental Justice Advisory Council. 2009. Reducing Air Emissions Associated With Goods Movement: Working Towards Environmental Justice. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/reducing-air-emissions-associated-goods-movement-working-towards-environmental.
  3. National Cooperative Freight Research Program. 2012. Guidebook for Understanding Urban Goods Movement. p. 1. Retrieved from: www.trb.org/Publications/Blurbs/166828.aspx.
  4. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 22. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  5. Adapted from and images from: Rhodes, Suzann. 2011. Talking Freight. [Presentation prepared for the Transportation Research Board]. Retrieved from: www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/freight_planning/talking_freight/talkingfreight08_17_11sr.pdf (78 pp, 6.9 M).
  6. Adapted from and images from: Rhodes, Suzann. 2011. Talking Freight. [Presentation prepared for the Transportation Research Board]. Retrieved from: www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/freight_planning/talking_freight/talkingfreight08_17_11sr.pdf (78 pp, 6.9 M).
  7. Adapted from: U.S. DOT. The Transportation Planning Process Key Issues: A Briefing Book for Transportation Decisionmakers, Officials and Staff. Retrieved from: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/publications/briefing_book/.

Image Sources

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5.2 Land Use

Endnotes

  1. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. pp. 14-15. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.
  2. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. pp. 63-64. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.

Image Sources

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5.3 Potential Community Interests

Endnotes

  1. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. p. 15. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.
  2. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. p. 15. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.
  3. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. p. 16. Retrieved from: https://www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.
  4. Adapted from Natural Resources Defense Council. Clean Cargo: A Guide to Reducing Diesel Air Pollution from the Freight Industry in Your Community. p. 3-5. Retrieved from: assets.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/clean-cargo-toolkit.pdf(64 pp, 6 M).
  5. National Environmental Justice Advisory Council. 2009. Reducing Air Emissions Associated With Goods Movement: Working Towards Environmental Justice. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/reducing-air-emissions-associated-goods-movement-working-towards-environmental.
  6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2010. EPA’s Response to the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council Report: Reducing Air Emissions Associated with Goods Movement: Working Toward Environmental Justice. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice/epas-response-2009-nejac-report-reducing-air-emissions-associated-goods.

Image Sources

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5.4 Case Studies: Land Use and Transportation

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Air Alliance Houston and Global Community Monitor. 2014. Air Pollution and Public Health in Galena, Texas. Retrieved from: www.airalliancehouston.org//wp-content/uploads/Galena-Park-Monitoring-Report-FINAL.pdf (64 pp, 5.6 M).
  2. Adapted from: Switzer Network News. 2013. Ditching Dirty Diesel with Switzer Fellow Catalina Garzon. Retrieved from: www.ditchingdirtydiesel.org/about/meet-the-collaborative.
  3. Adapted from: Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. p. 63. Retrieved from: www.nrdc.org/air/pollution/ports/contents.asp.

Image Source

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6.1 Local Economy and Jobs

Endnotes

  1. Definitions quoted and adapted from: American Association of Port Authorities. 2013. Glossary of Maritime Terms. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/advocating/content.aspx?ItemNumber=21500.
  2. Smith, Rebecca, Paul Alexander Marvy, and Jon Zerolnick. 2014. The Big Rig Overhaul: Restoring Middle-Class Jobs at America’s Ports through Labor Law Enforcement. Retrieved from: www.nelp.org/content/uploads/2015/03/Big-Rig-Overhaul-Misclassification-Port-Truck-Drivers-Labor-Law-Enforcement.pdf (49 pp, 2.7 M).
  3. Colliers International. 2012. North American Port Analysis. p. 9. Retrieved from: www.colliers.com/-/media/Files/MarketResearch/UnitedStates/2012-NA-Highlights-Reports/2012%20Q2/Colliers_PortReport_2012q2_final (PDF) (13 pp, 3.7 M).

Image Sources

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6.2 Port Factors Impacting the Regional Economy

Endnotes

  1. BBC News. August 6, 2015. “Egypt Launches Suez Canal Expansion.” BBC News. Retrieved from: www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-33800076.
  2. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. p. 12. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/index.html.
  3. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. pp. 15-16. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/index.html.
  4. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. pp. 15-16. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/index.html.
  5. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. pp. 15. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/index.html.
  6. U.S. Department of Transportation. 2009. America’s Container Ports. p. 1. Retrieved from: www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/americas_container_ports/2009/index.html.
  7. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 2012. U.S. Port and Inland Waterways Modernization: Preparing for Post-Panamax Vessels. p. XIII. Retrieved from: www.iwr.usace.army.mil/Portals/70/docs/portswaterways/rpt/June_20_U.S._Port_and_Inland_Waterways_Preparing_for_Post_Panamax_Vessels.pdf (128 pp, 7.2 M).
  8. U.S. Maritime Administration. 2009. America’s Ports and Intermodal Transportation System. p. 8. Retrieved from: www.glmri.org/downloads/Ports&IntermodalTransport.pdf (112 pp, 6.9 M).
  9. Colliers International. 2012. North American Port Analysis. Retrieved from: www.colliers.com/-/media/Files/MarketResearch/UnitedStates/2012-NA-Highlights-Reports/2012%20Q2/Colliers_PortReport_2012q2_final (PDF) (13 pp, 3.7 M).
  10. Colliers International. 2012. North American Port Analysis. p. 3. Retrieved from: www.colliers.com/-/media/Files/MarketResearch/UnitedStates/2012-NA-Highlights-Reports/2012%20Q2/Colliers_PortReport_2012q2_final (PDF) (13 pp, 3.7 M).
  11. Colliers International. 2012. North American Port Analysis. p. 2. Retrieved from: www.colliers.com/-/media/Files/MarketResearch/UnitedStates/2012-NA-Highlights-Reports/2012%20Q2/Colliers_PortReport_2012q2_final (PDF) (13 pp, 3.7 M).

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6.4 Case Studies: Job and Benefits

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Port of Oakland. 2015. The Social Responsibility Division (SRD). Retrieved from: http://www.portofoakland.com/port/social-responsibility__trashed/.
  2. Quote comes from: Sandifur, Marilyn. 2011. Community Investments Stimulate Cycle of Benefits. Retrieved from: www.aapa-ports.org/Publications/SeaportsDetail.cfm?itemnumber=18177#seaportsarticle16.
  3. Adapted from: Port of Los Angeles. 2015. Port of Los Angeles Project Labor Agreement. Retrieved from: www.portoflosangeles.org/business/pla.asp.

Image Source

  • ©iStock.com/Jason Doiy – Not For Reuse

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7.1 Environmental Impacts

Endnotes

  1. Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. pp. 1-10. Retrieved from: www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.
  2. Second paragraph adapted from: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2014. Risk Assessment. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/research/human-health-risk-assessment-research-methods-models-tools-and-databases.

Image Sources

  • ©iStock.com/Prasit Rodphan – Not For Reuse
  • ©iStock.com/princessdlaf – Not For Reuse

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7.2 Air Emissions

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Starcrest Consulting Group. 2012. Developing Port Clean Air Programs. pp. 3-4. Retrieved from: www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/ICCT_SCG_Developing-Clean-Air-Programs_June2012.pdf (70 pp, 1.1 M).
  2. Starcrest Consulting Group. 2012. Developing Port Clean Air Programs. p. 4. Retrieved from: www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/ICCT_SCG_Developing-Clean-Air-Programs_June2012.pdf (70 pp, 1.1 M).
  3. Summarized from: Starcrest Consulting Group. 2012. Developing Port Clean Air Programs. pp. 7-13. Retrieved from: www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/ICCT_SCG_Developing-Clean-Air-Programs_June2012.pdf (70 pp, 1.1 M).
  4. Starcrest Consulting Group. 2012. Developing Port Clean Air Programs. pp. 39-55. Retrieved from: www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/ICCT_SCG_Developing-Clean-Air-Programs_June2012.pdf (70 pp, 1.1 M).
  5. Starcrest Consulting Group. 2012. Developing Port Clean Air Programs. p. 2. Retrieved from: www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/ICCT_SCG_Developing-Clean-Air-Programs_June2012.pdf (70 pp, 1.1 M).
  6. Adapted/quoted from: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2014. About SmartWay. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/smartway/learn-about-smartway.
  7. Adapted from: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2010. Designation of North American Emission Control Area to Reduce Emissions from Ships. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/regulations-emissions-vehicles-and-engines/designation-north-american-emission-control-area-marine.

Image Sources

  • ©iStock.com/PhillipMinnis – Not For Reuse
  • ©iStock.com/yenwen – Not For Reuse

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7.3 Federal Environmental Regulations, Initiatives and Standards

Endnotes

  1. List quoted from: Natural Resources Defense Council. Defend Your Air: Guide for Reducing Freight Transportation Air Pollution Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). pp. 8-9. Retrieved from:  www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/nepa-toolkit.pdf (68 pp, 5.5 M).
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2014. Ports Initiative. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/ports-initiative.
  3. Portcompliance.org. Environmental Compliance for Port Tenants and Authorities: About. Retrieved from: www.portcompliance.org/about.cfm.

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7.6 Case Studies: Environment

Endnotes

  1. Adapted from: Natural Resources Defense Council. 2004. Harboring Pollution: Strategies to Clean Up U.S. Ports. p. 25. Retrieved from: www.nrdc.org/resources/harboring-pollution-strategies-clean-us-ports.

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8.2 Citizen Science Projects

Endnotes

  1. Community-Campus Partnerships for Health. 2013. Community-Based Participatory Research. Retrieved from: depts.washington.edu/ccph/commbas.html.
  2. Adapted and quoted from: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2015. U.S. EPA’s Air Sensor Toolbox for Citizen Scientists. www.epa.gov/air-sensor-toolbox.

Image Source

  • ©iStock.com/wdstock – Not For Reuse

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