Decision Support Tools for Waste Management
Managing waste resulting from disasters can be a complicated and resource intensive process, especially during large-scale incidents such as the Fukushima Daichi Nuclear Power Plant accident or severe hurricanes. For these large-scale incidents, there is a need for tools to assist state, local, tribal and territorial governments and federal decision makers on waste management in the pre-planning, mitigation, response, and recovery phase of an incident. Current tools that support estimation of waste types and volumes, disposal facility identification, and temporary storage of waste are found in the following table.
|Tool Name||All Hazards Waste Management Planning (WMP) Tool||Disaster Debris Recovery Tool||Incident Waste Decision Support Tool v6.5||Waste Estimation Support Tool||Waste Storage and Staging Tool||Waste Logistics Tool||Decon ST||Hot Spot Calculator||Waste Reduction Model||Rad Decontamination Query Tool|
|Link to Access Tool||WMP||EPA DDRT||EPA I-WASTE Tool||WEST||Staging Tool||Logistics Tool||Decon ST||Hot Spot Calculator||WARM||RDQT|
|Available with permission||Available||Available||Available||Available by request. Contact Shawn Ryan (email@example.com)||Available||Available||Available|
|Purpose||To assist emergency managers and planners in the public and private sectors in creating or updating a comprehensive plan for managing waste generated from manmade and natural disasters.||To promote the safe and sustainable recovery from natural disasters by providing infomration on debris disposal facilities||To provide information for planning how to handle,
transport, treat, and dispose of contaminated waste and
debris. I-Waste includes a waste volume calculator.
|To aid in estimating waste generated from remediation and cleanup activities following a radiological or biological incident.||To guide the identification and prioritization of locations of staging and storing waste.||To identify optimal routes for transporting large volumes of waste from a disaster stricken area to waste management facilities.||To prioritize building decontamination technlogies for chemical and biological contaminants as a function of waste generation, cost, and effectiveness.||To evaluate decontamination technologies and the associated resource demand required to remediate contaminated sites. The tool uses gamma-ray imaging technology to determine the magnitude of contamination so that the ability of various decontamination methods to mitigate the contamination can be modeled.||To calculate greenhouse gas emissions from various waste management practices including source reduction, recycling, combustion, composting. Decision makers can consider emissions in evaluating waste disposal options.||Provides users with access to information contained in published technology evaluation reports. The information provided is the result of numerous studies on the removal of selected radionuclides from building materials.|
|Applicable Event Phases and Scenarios||Pre-incident planning||Pre-incident planning, and disaster debris removal during incident||Pre-incident planning, and disaster debris removal||Pre-incident planning and stratetic planning for decon and waste management.||Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery||Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery||Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery||Response/recovery -- applicable to industry||Planning for waste disposal and post decision tracking of greenhouse gas emissions.||Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery|
|Applicable Hazard Class||Chemical, biological radiological||natural disasters||Chemical, biological, radiological contamination and natural disasters||Biological and radiological. Chemicals may be added.||Chemical, biological and radiological||All hazard||Chemical, biological.||Radiological||Solid waste||Radiological|
|Expertise Needed to Operate the Tool||None||None||None||Minimal GIS expertise||Minimal GIS expertise||Minimal GIS expertise||None||None||None||None|
|Targeted Users||Emergency Managers and Planners||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making waste management decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making decisions on decontaminating structures||Emergency planners, environmental unit leaders, TWGs, waste management facilities, OSCs, industrial engineers||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions||Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making decisions on decontaminating structures|
|Development Platform||GeoPlatform/ArcGIS||Moving to MySQL||ArcGIS/MS Access||ArcGIS/Python||ArcGIS/Python||MS Excel||MS Excel||openLCA and Excel|