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Enforcement

Cleanup Enforcement Benefits Communities

EPA’s cleanup enforcement program has helped make a difference in thousands of communities impacted by hazardous waste contamination. The goal of the cleanup enforcement program is to ensure that responsible parties clean up the properties they contaminate. EPA identifies parties responsible for contamination and ensures polluters -- rather than American taxpayers -- perform and pay for prompt and protective cleanups. The cleanup enforcement program also facilitates site reuse and redevelopment by addressing potential liability concerns of purchasers, lenders, and local governments.

The success stories below highlight the efforts of the cleanup enforcement program to clean up contaminated sites and work with responsible parties, communities, state and local governments, and other stakeholders to protect human health and the environment and bring about economic, recreational, and habitat improvements.

On this page

Economic Redevelopment - Kansas City, Kansas: Kansas City Structural Steel Site

At the Kansas City Structural Steel (KCSS) site, EPA, working with local organizations, used a prospective purchaser agreement to:

  • Support the community’s reuse priorities,
  • Address environmental liability concerns,
  • Ensure long-term cleanup protection, and
  • Create new long-term jobs and economic stability.

The former 22-acre contaminated steel and metal fabrication property, located in the heart of Kansas City’s Argentine neighborhood, is now home to:

  • A large neighborhood market,
  • Two restaurants,
  • A new police station, and
  • Two proposed commercial developments.

Read more about the Kansas City Structural Steel site (PDF) (5 pp, 2 MB, About PDF).

Image of the KCSS facility refining gold, silver, and lead on site in the late ninteenth century.

Refining of gold, silver, and lead during the late nineteenth century in a facility  housed on what would become the KCSS site.

Image of the interior of the new Walmart market built as part of redevelopment of the KCSS site following cleanup

The Walmart Neighborhood Market built as part of the redevelopment of the KCSS site after cleanup.

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Green Space Development - Chicago, Illinois: Celotex Corporation Site

At the Celotex Corporation site, in Chicago's vibrant Little Village neighborhood, EPA enforcement staff collaborated with local stakeholders to craft an enforcement agreement that facilitated site cleanup. This cleanup led to the development of a much needed community park. For the first time in that community, 6,000 children who live within a 10-minute walk of the park have easy access to green space.

Read more about the Celotex site (PDF) (6 pp, 2 MB, About PDF).

Image of buildings at the Celotex Corporation Site in Chicago

Buildings on the parcel of land that made up the Celotex Corporation site.

Image of LaVillita Park playground in Chicago

The LaVillita Park playground and picnic pavilion support community recreation activities after site cleanup.

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Residential Yard Cleanup - East Helena, Montana: East Helena Site

In East Helena, EPA’s cleanup enforcement program negotiated enforcement agreements to ensure a safe and timely cleanup of a 140-acre former smelter site that impacted over 1,500 residential properties. EPA’s enforcement settlements with the responsible parties led to comprehensive cleanup efforts,  and established a financially stable custodial trust to support much needed community development, including:

  • New subdivisions,
  • Commercial districts,
  • Rail-ready industrial parks, and
  • Recreation- and heritage-based uses.

Read more about the East Helena site (PDF) (6 pp, 1 MB, About PDF).

Image of construction vehicle cleaning up residential yard

Excavator cleaning up residential property in East Helena, MT.

Image of transformed residential yard following cleanup work in Helena, MT

Transformed residential yard in East Helena, MT following cleanup work.

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Industrial Park Redevelopment - Cortland, New York: Buckbee-Mears Site

At the Buckbee-Mears site in southcentral New York State, EPA’s enforcement efforts brought key parties together to work on innovative settlement agreements and resolve competing liens. The property is now known as the Cortland Industrial Center. The owner/developer identified a tenant for the property and is in the process of finalizing a long-term lease agreement. Once a lease is finalized, the new tenant will manufacture industrial grade wood pellets. EPA’s enforcement approaches resulted in the transformation of a once neglected, abandoned property into an industrial park that will foster local economic development opportunities throughout the community.

Read more at the Buckbee-Mears site (PDF) (6 pp, 3 MB, About PDF).

Image of debri during construction demolition at Buckbee-Mears Site

Debris associated with deconstruction phase of cleanup at Buckbee-Mears site.

Image of manufacturing building at former Buckbee-Mears site

Manufacturing building developed after cleanup and redevelopment at Buckbee-Mears site.

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Habitat Restoration - Olathe, Kansas: Chemical Commodities, Inc. Site

Thanks to the efforts of EPA, its partners, and site stakeholders, the formerly hazardous Chemicals Commodities, Inc. (CCI) site in Olathe, Kansas, has been transformed from a dangerous chemical recycling facility, located within a residential neighborhood, into a beautiful pollinator prairie park.

EPA’s enforcement program identified the parties responsible for the contamination at the site. The reponsible parties then cleaned up the site and implenented long-term protection and stewardship of the site by planting native species that attract bees, birds, and butterflies. The area is a beautiful community park, and stands in stark contrast to the chemical recycling facility that once contaminated the site.

Read more about the Chemical Commodities, Inc site (PDF) (6 pp, 5 MB, About PDF)

Image of drums, debri and other wastes collecting at CCI site.

Drums, debris and other wastes collect on site threatening the health and well being of nearby residents.

Image of habitat garden on former hazardous waste site in Kansas

Habitat garden creates home to the Olathe, Kansas Pollinator Prairie.

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Industrial and Green Space Redevelopment – North Haven, Connecticut, Pharmacia & Upjohn Company LLC Facility

By EPA, the state, and the company working together to achieve site cleanup and reuse, an agreement was reached that will create long-term benefits for the community. A facility in North Haven Connecticut, is being transformed into commercial and light industrial use on one end along with restoration of approximately 60 acres of wetlands and meadow habitat along the Quinnipiac River providing for recreation and environmental education opportunities.

This case study demonstrates how, EPA, Pfizer, and the North Haven community achieved positive results using a collaborative enforcement process and use of appropriate enforcement tools which lead to one of the largest cleanups in the history of EPA’s Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program.

Read more about the Pharmacia & Upjohn Company LLC Facility (PDF) (7 pp, 1 MB, About PDF)

A photograph of an excavator digging a trench, with workers observing nearby.

Repurposed slag from a furnace blast was used to build a barrier wall to protect the Quinnipiac River from groundwater contamination.

Photograph of the Pfizer Trail. A path is seen leading into the distance, circling around a small water retention pond.

A portion of the walking trails with signage that currently provide opportunities for recreation and environmental education.

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