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National Compliance Initiative: Reducing Hazardous Air Emissions at Hazardous Waste Facilities


Widespread air emission violations are associated with the improper management of hazardous waste. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requires effective monitoring to identify and repair leaks from hazardous waste storage tanks, pipes, valves, and other equipment. These wastes are known or suspected to cause cancer, birth defects, or seriously impact the environment.  

FY2019 Update

This NCI is in its first three-year cycle and will continue to focus on addressing the most serious situations of non-compliance, prioritizing our work based on the Strategic Plan objectives of addressing vulnerable populations, reducing non-attainment areas, and achieving a timely return to compliance. We will also continue our work to build state capacity in this program.


EPA, in partnership with authorized states, is focusing on identifying and addressing violations of leak detection and repair requirements for related hazardous waste treatment equipment. This initiative will ensure a nationally consistent approach returning facilities to compliance to reduce health and environmental exposure and ensure a level playing field for regulated facilities.


In April 2018 EPA issued a compliance advisory for facilities that are affected by the air emissions requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The advisory focuses on inspection and monitoring requirements to ensure proper operation and maintenance, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements to demonstrate compliance, and the benefits of using EPA’s self-disclosure policy.

The following map and chart show EPA’s actions in inspecting and addressing leaks of hazardous air emissions at RCRA facilities.

Map of inspections and addressing actions for hazardous air emissions at hazardous waste facilities.