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Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP)

Key Facts and Figures

Graphic icon for the Key Facts and Figures pageThis page contains key facts and figures based on greenhouse gas emissions data reported to the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program for 2016. The graphics serve as examples of the types of materials that can be generated using the Facility Level Information on Greenhouse Gases Tool (FLIGHT).

EPA Greenhouse Gas Data Sets

EPA has two complementary programs that publish annual data on U.S. GHG emissions:

Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (Inventory)

  • Comprehensive national estimates
  • Drawn from national-level statistics
  • Tracks annual GHG emissions from all sources in U.S. since 1990
  • 2016 data will be available in the spring of 2018
  • View the Inventory Report

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP)

  • Facility-level data covering largest emitters (usually over 25,000 MTCO2e)
  • More than 8,000 facilities report emissions, covering approximately 50 percent of total U.S. emissions
  • Annual data available are available for 2010 onward
  • Data allows emissions tracking by state or region
  • 2016 data were published in October 2017
  • Visit the GHGRP
  • Learn more about the differences between the Inventory and the GHGRP.

U.S. GHG Emissions (Inventory)

The pie chart below shows total U.S. emissions from the U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory for 2015 by sector. Total U.S. emissions in 2015 were 6,587 Million Metric Tons CO2e. The pie pieces colored in blue represent the sectors that contain facilities reporting direct emissions to the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program. The vast majority of emissions from electricity generation and industry are covered. Generally, facilities that emit over 25,000 metric tons CO2e per year are required to report.


Pie chart showing breakdown of total 2015 U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by sector.

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GHGRP: Facility-Level Emissions

The Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program is the only program that collects facility-level greenhouse gas data from major industrial sources across the United States. The GHGRP requires annual reporting of GHGs by 41 source categories, including power plants, oil and gas production and refining, iron and steel mills, and landfills.

For most industrial sectors, facilities that emit over 25,000 metric tons CO2e per year are required to report. In 2016, more than 8,000 facilities reported emissions to the GHGRP, representing approximately 50 percent of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.

This map shows the location and total reported emissions from each facility reporting direct emissions to the GHGRP.

Start mapping facilities using FLIGHTMap of the continental United States displaying 2016 GHGRP reported emissions from all sectors.

Reported Emissions by Sector

This image shows the major industrial sectors reporting direct emissions to the program, ranked by total sector emissions. The grey box to the right of each bar shows average emissions per facility for each sector. Power Plants are the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, both in terms of total emissions and emissions per facility. The oil and gas industry is the second largest sector, in terms of total stationary-source emissions reported to the GHGRP. Refineries have the second highest emissions per facility, after power plants.

Observe total reported emissions by sector using FLIGHT.Chart showing amount of direct emissions (MMT CO2e) from each sector reporting to the GHGRP for 2016.

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State GHG Emissions Map – Power Plants

Power plants are the largest source of greenhouse gas pollution in the United States, accounting for roughly one-third of all domestic greenhouse gas emissions. This map shows the total reported emissions from power plants by state in 2016 and the number of reporting power plants in each state.

Use FLIGHT to see total reported emissions from this sector by state.

Map displaying power plant emissions for each state in the continental United States in metric tons CO2e in 2016.

Petroleum & Natural Gas Systems

After the power plant sector, petroleum and natural gas systems were the second largest sector reporting greenhouse gas emissions to EPA. The map below shows the location and total reported emissions from onshore oil and gas production in each basin.1

This information can be found using FLIGHT by selecting Onshore Oil & Gas Production in the Data Type dropdown.

Map of continental United States depicting onshore GHGRP emissions, by basin, for the petroleum and natural gas sector in 2016.

1 Basin refers to the geologic provinces as published by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG).

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Trends in Reported Emissions

Using EPA's FLIGHT tool, users can see trends by facility, sector, or geographic region. Here we see trends for the power sector. From 2015 to 2016, emissions reported by power plants decreased by 4.8 percent and are now 15.5 percent below 2011 levels.

View a graph of trends from all reporting sectors in FLIGHT.Chart displaying Trend of annual reported GHG emissions in the power plant sector from 2011 through 2016 (as of 8/5/17).

How to Learn More

FLIGHT can be used to generate custom queries and produce maps, pie charts, trend lines, bar charts and lists of facilities. The images here are examples of the types of output.

Visit our Tutorials page for more information Exit.

Tutorials include:

  • How do I find the largest emitter in my state?
  • Where can I find emissions trend information?
  • How can I compare GHG emissions from different industries?
  • How do I find a facility in my town?

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