We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Sampling Results at the Facility

Overview

Air samples were collected within the manufacturing building by the Facility’s contractor during the week of October 24, 2016. EPA received the validated data on January 3, 2017, showing elevated levels of trichloroethene (TCE).  Based on the results, EPA directed Ice Industries to notify workers of the elevated TCE concentrations and implement immediate actions at the Facility to reduce worker exposure.

Follow-up air sampling was performed by the Facility’s contractor in January  and March 2017. Results continue to show elevated levels of TCE inside the Facility.  The Facility is implementing response actions with EPA oversight to reduce TCE in all areas of the building, and is also monitoring to ensure that increased ventilation is not contributing to unsafe outdoor air levels of TCE. 

Separately, EPA has directed the Facility to make improvements to the Permeable Reactive Barrier (PRB) which is used to treat the groundwater contamination.

Workplans and sampling results are posted as they become available below.

Results Summary

Facility Indoor Air and Sub-Slab Air

June and July 2017 Sampling Results

In June 2017, indoor air inside the Facility was sampled for a 24-hour period using both summa canisters and Radiello®. In July 2017, indoor air inside the Facility was sampled for a 7-day period using Radiello® samplers. In June, TCE was found to be above the action level for sensitive populations (which includes women of childbearing age) in five indoor air samples collected in the manufacturing area. In one location, TCE was found to be above the action level for non-sensitive populations (which includes workers at the Facility). In July, TCE was found to be above the action level for sensitive populations in one location in the manufacturing area.

(See sampling report dated June and July 2017).

May 2017 Sampling Results 

The Facility’s contractor began a new, more robust sampling protocol in May with EPA oversight. Results from May 2017 sampling ranged from non-detect to exceeding removal management levels (RMLs) for sensitive and non-sensitive populations. RMLs are used by EPA to help determine if any future actions may be needed. A sample result higher than a RML by itself does not imply that adverse health effects will occur.

Indoor air samples were collected using Radiello® samplers that slowly draw air over a specified duration. Samples were collected at six locations, including three locations where workers among the sensitive population work (Program A– B4, B6, and B9), and three locations where workers among the non-sensitive population work (Program C – A5, B3, and B8). The six locations selected are those where employees most frequency conduct work. 

Each Program A location was sampled over different time periods: eight hours (from the start of three work shifts) once a week for three weeks, over 7-days and 14-days. Each Program C location was sampled over different time periods: eight hours (from the start of three work shifts) once a week for three weeks, over 7-days and 30-days. This yielded 90 samples. The data show that interim measures continue to help lower the indoor air concentrations inside the Facility. The data is summarized in Table 1, while results by location are indicated in Figure 1. 

(See sampling report dated May 2017).

Figure of May 2017 Sampling Results in GrenadaFigure:  May 2017 Sampling Results in Grenada

Outdoor Air Results

Outdoor air sampling performed in June (24-hour period) and July (7-day period) using Radiello® samplers did not detect TCE.  Throughout May, outdoor air samples were also collected using Radiello® samplers from outside the four corners of the manufacturing building. Sample durations ranged from eight hours to 30 days. TCE was detected in two of 40 samples at low levels below the indoor RMLs (there is no RML for outdoor air).

(See sampling report dated May 2017, and June and July 2017).

Ongoing Sampling

Additional indoor air and outdoor air sampling is ongoing inside the Facility and on the Facility property. 

(See workplans dated July 2017).

Future sampling results will also be made available below under “Data, Reports and Workplans.”

Previous Sampling Results (October 2016, January 2017 and March 2017)

The Facility’s contractor conducted sampling with EPA oversight in October 2016, January 2017 and March 2017.  Indoor air was sampled at locations in both the administrative and manufacturing areas of the Facility, and samples were also taken of the air from beneath the manufacturing building (known as “sub-slab”). 

Results are summarized in the table. 

Air Sampling Results at FacilityFindings from the October 2016 and January 2017 sampling are similar. Additional locations were sampled in January in the manufacturing and office areas of the building. TCE was found to be above the screening level in all occupied indoor areas tested during both of the sampling events.  In March, TCE was found to be above the screening level in 12 of 15 indoor air locations sampled in the office and production areas. TCE was found to be above the screening level in all sub-slab samples taken during each of the sampling events.

  • Screening levels are values used by the EPA to help determine if a contaminant should be considered for further evaluation.

During October, TCE was found to be above the action level for sensitive populations (which includes women of childbearing age) in five indoor air samples collected in the manufacturing area. In the air near the former chrome plating line, TCE was found to be above the action level for non-sensitive populations (which includes workers at the Facility). During January, TCE was found to be above the action level for sensitive populations in the same five locations previously sampled and in two new sampling locations (one in the manufacturing area and one in the office area). TCE was found to be above the action level for non-sensitive populations in two samples collected in the manufacturing area.  During March, TCE was found to be above the RML or "action level" for sensitive populations in six of the 15 indoor air samples collected in the office and production areas. TCE was not found above the action level for non-sensitive populations.

  • Action levels are values used by the EPA to identify where an action may be necessary to protect public health and/or the environment.

(See sampling reports dated November 28, 2016, February 1, 2017 and March 2017).

These overall results from sampling performed to date inside the Facility indicate that TCE may be entering the Facility in the form of a gas from contaminated groundwater and soil beneath the building, a process known as “vapor intrusion.” Groundwater sampling conducted over the past three decades show that there is contaminated groundwater underneath the Facility property. 

Permeable Reactive Barrier

EPA received the PRB Pilot Study Workplan in March 2016 and approved it in April 2016. Work began in May 2016 and is ongoing. Results will be posted as they become available.

Data, Reports and Workplans