An official website of the United States government.

Decision Support


 
Decision Support

Managing waste resulting from disasters can be a complicated and resource intensive process, especially during large-scale incidents such as the Fukushima Daichi Nuclear Power Plant accident or severe hurricanes.  For these large-scale incidents, there is a need for tools to assist state, local, tribal and territorial governments and federal decision makers on waste management in the pre-planning, mitigation, response, and recovery phase of an incident.  Current tools that support estimation of waste types and volumes, disposal facility identification, and temporary storage of waste are found in the following table.

                                                   

                                                                      

EPA Decision Support Tools for Environmental Incidents and Natural Disasters
Tool Name All Hazards Waste Management Planning (WMP) Tool Disaster Debris Recovery Tool Incident Waste Decision Support Tool v6.5 Waste Estimation Support Tool  Waste Storage and Staging  Tool Waste  Logistics Tool Decon ST Hot Spot Calculator Waste Reduction Model  Rad Decontamination Query Tool
Acronym and link WMP EPA DDRT EPA I-WASTE Tool WEST N/A N/A Decon ST Hot Spot Calculator WARM RDQT
Availability Available

Available                            

Available with permission Available Available early FY20 Available early FY21 Available by request contact ryan.shawn@epa.gov Available Available Available
Purpose To assist emergency managers and planners in the public and private sectors in creating or updating a comprehensive plan for managing waste generated from manmade and natural disasters. To promote the safe and sustainable recovery from natural disasters by providing infomration on debris disposal facilities To provide  information for planning how to handle,
transport, treat, and dispose of contaminated waste and
debris.  I-Waste includes a waste volume calculator.
To aid in estimating waste generated from remediation and cleanup activities following a radiological or biological incident. To guide the identification and prioritization of locations of staging and storing waste.  To identify optimal routes for transporting large volumes of waste from a disaster stricken area to waste management facilities. To prioritize building decontamination technlogies for chemical and biological contaminants as a function of waste generation, cost, and effectiveness.   To evaluate decontamination technologies and the associated resource demand  required to remediate contaminated sites.  The tool uses gamma-ray imaging technology to determine the magnitude of contamination so that the ability of various decontamination methods to mitigate the contamination can be modeled.   To calculate greenhouse gas emissions from various waste management practices including source reduction, recycling, combustion, composting. Decision makers can consider emissions in evaluating waste disposal options. Provides users with access to information contained in published technology evaluation reports. The information provided is the result of numerous studies on the removal of selected radionuclides from building materials.
Applicable Event Phases and Scenarios Pre-incident planning Pre-incident planning,  and disaster debris removal during incident Pre-incident planning, and disaster debris removal Pre-incident planning and stratetic planning for decon and waste management. Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery Response/recovery -- applicable to industry Planning for waste disposal and post decision tracking of  greenhouse gas emissions. Pre-incident planning and during response/recovery
Applicable Hazard Class Chemical, biological radiological natural disasters  Chemical, biological, radiological contamination and natural disasters Biological and radiological. Chemicals may be added.  Chemical, biological and radiological  All hazard Chemical, biological. Radiological Solid waste Radiological
Expertise Needed to Operate the Tool None None None Minimal GIS expertise Minimal GIS expertise Minimal GIS expertise None None None None
Target Users Emergency Managers and Planners Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making waste management decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making decisions on decontaminating structures Emergency planners, environmental unit leaders, TWGs, waste management facilities, OSCs, industrial engineers Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making disposal decisions Planners, emergency responders, and other individuals responsible for making decisions on decontaminating structures
Platform the tool is Developed on?   GeoPlatform/ArcGIS  Moving to MySQL ArcGIS/MS Access ArcGIS/Python ArcGIS/Python MS Excel MS Excel openLCA and Excel