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Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Virginia Casting Industries (Formerly: Intermet Radford Foundry) in Radford, Virginia

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On 2002, EPA and Intermet entered into a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Administrative Order on Consent to conduct an environmental investigation and clean up measures as necessary to protect human health and the environment. The adjacent facility, currently known as Greedy Holdings/Radford Foundry (VAD981730930) is included in the order due to the common ownership at the time.

Cleanup Status

In 2013, Virginia Casting Industries (VCI) received a consent order from the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ) regarding the VCI Radford Landfill for the purpose of resolving violations of the Virginia Waste Management Act.

As of November 2014, VCI has commenced construction of a final cover system for the industrial landfill for which VCI received a permit on May 2010.

In 2004, the facility completed the implementation of the Phase I RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) Work Plan for the environmental investigation of the site wide groundwater and soils at high priority areas. The report recommended a Phase 2 investigation to investigate the rest of the site.

Intermet filed for bankruptcy in September 2004 and the submittal of the Phase II work plan was put on hold.

A Closure Report for SWMU 41 was received in November 2005. Closure of the New Landfill (SWMU 63) is currently being coordinated with VADEQ.

In 2009, Virginia Casting Industries (VCI) became the new owner of the site.

In 2010, EPA completed Phase II investigations through its Brownfield program. A final report was prepared in August 2012.

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Site Description

Interactive Map for Virginia Casting Industries (Formerly: Intermet Radford Foundry), Radford, VA

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The VCI – Radford Foundry was developed in the 1890s for use as an iron foundry. Foundry operations have been present at the property since that time.

The Radford Foundry operated from 1966 until 2003 and produced automotive parts using the mold- casting production method. This process involved melting of scrap metal, coke, limestone, and various additives in a cupola at approximately 1537 °C. The molten iron was poured into molds of sand and binding resins, after which the mold was removed and the product finished.

In addition to the foundry operations, the Virginia Coke and Coal Company operated on the property from approximately 1910 until the 1940s. Based upon historical information, the operation included an engine house, machine shop, ore shed, oil house, and casting building and was located in the central western portion of the property.

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Contaminants at this Facility

Impacts to both soil and sediments resulting from historic uses of the property were identified in the Phase I and Phase II environmental assessments. Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) and metals were detected in soil at levels exceeding EPA Region III Regional Industrial Soil Standards. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), SVOCs and metals are present in sediment below the wastewater settling ponds at significant concentrations.

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Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

The neeed for Institutional Controls has yet to be determined.

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Land Reuse Information at this Facility

 The facility is not under continued use.

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Site Responsibility at this Facility

RCRA Corrective Action activities at this facility are being conducted under the direction of the VA DEQ with assistance from EPA Region 3.

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