An official website of the United States government.

We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Steel Dynamics Roanoke Bar Division in Roanoke, Virginia

On this page:


In 1999, EPA issued an Administrative Order on Consent ("Consent Order") under Section 3008(h) of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 U.S.C. §6928 to Roanoke Electric Steel Corporation which requires that the Facility perform a Resource Conservation and Recovery Facility Investigation (RFI), a Corrective Measurement Study (CMS), and any interim measures at the Facility necessary to protect human health and the environment.

    Cleanup Status

    In March 2011, Steel Dynamics submitted a work plan for installation of off-site wells as requested by EPA. EPA requested off-site wells to define the extent of manganese in groundwater coming from the facility. Two rounds of groundwater sampling were conducted during the second half of 2011. Analytical results of the 2nd round were submitted in December 2011. EPA was satisfied that the extent of groundwater contamination had been characterized and requested Steel Dynamics revise and re-submit the RCRA Facility Investigation Report to include any additional investigation work since the Report was last submitted in 2006. The revised Report was submitted in Fall of 2013.

    The Statement of Basis (SB) was public noticed in the Franklin News Post on July 1, 2015. The public comment period lasted thirty (30) days ending on July 31, 2015. No comments were received during the public comment period. Therefore, EPA issued a Corrective Action Determination of "Complete with Controls" on August 12, 2015.

    Top of Page


    Site Description

    Interactive Map of Steel Dynamics Roanoke Bar Division, Roanoke, VA

    View larger map

    RESC operates an electric arc furnace steel mill facility on parcel of property about 63 acres in size. RESC began operating the steel mill on this property in 1955. The facility produces steel billets and high quality finished steel products, such as angles, channels, rounds and flat bars. All finished steel products are made from a feedstock of scrap metal and alloys.

    Prior to 1955 the site was used as farmland. Surrounding land uses include residential properties to the north and Norfolk Southern Railroad line and rail yard to the west, south and east.

        Top of Page


        Contaminants at this Facility

        Manganese contamination in groundwater which is stable or decreasing.

        Top of Page


        Institutional and Engineering Controls at this Facility

        Institutional Controls include:

        • Use of Facility property shall be restricted to commercial and/or industrial purposes and shall not include residential purposes unless it is demonstrated to EPA, in consultation with Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), that such use will not pose a threat to human health.
        • All earth moving activities, including excavation, drilling and construction activities in known contaminated areas at the Facility where any contaminants remain in soils above EPA's Screening levels for non-residential use or in groundwater above health based regional screening levels (RSL) for tap water, shall be conducted in accordance the Materials Management Plan.
        • Groundwater at the Facility shall not be used for any purpose other than the operation,
          maintenance, and monitoring activities required by DEQ and/or EPA.
        • Owner shall comply with the EPA-approved groundwater monitoring program.

          Top of Page


        Land Reuse Information at this Facility

        The facility is in continued use.

        Top of Page


        Site Responsibility at this Facility

        RCRA Corrective Action activities at this facility are being conducted under the direction of the EPA Region 3 with assistance from the Virginia DEQ.

        Top of Page