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EPA in Ohio

Layer Park Site

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Layer Park Site map (PDF) (1pg, 5.4MB, About PDF)

April 2018 Update

EPA completed cleanup in the park in the fall of 2017. The actions included:

  • seeding the excavated area of the park
  • Replacing trees
  • Resurfacing and restriping blacktop areas that were damaged during the removal action
  • Replacing playground equipment that was taken out for the removal action (basketball hoops and swing set)

EPA representatives visited the site in February 2018 and confirmed site drainage was working properly and vegetative seeding remained established.   EPA met with officials from Miami Township and Montgomery County and Miami Township officials regarding the site restoration and all agreed the park was in good condition.  Miami Township officials requested that the fall zone for a swing set be expanded and some reseeding of washout areas and EPA completed those activities by March 16, 2018.

Site Description

Layer Park is bounded to the north by residences on Bushwick Drive, to the south by residences on Polo Park Drive, to the south and east by the Miami Valley Hunt & Polo Club and to the west by residences on Polo Park Drive and Cordell Drive. See Site Map (PDF) (1 pp, 5.4 MB, About PDF)  A former skeet shooting range used to operate from the Miami Valley Hunt & Polo Club in the 1930s to the 1950s.  A portion of the shooting range eventually became Layer Park. An unknown quantity of lead was deposited on the surface of the soil from skeet activities. Old aerial photos show two skeet-shooting stations were located on the grounds of the Miami Valley Hunt and Polo Club south of the park.

The western half of the park contains a baseball diamond and basketball courts. The eastern half was wooded and contained a shelter, playground equipment and picnic tables. The entire park property is fenced and was closed in January 2016 when the township learned of the presence of lead contamination.

Site Background

Based on the results of 2016 sampling by US EPA and Ohio EPA, cleanup was planned on about 2 and a half acres of the 7-acres site. EPA assessed the site to determine the extent of lead contamination on the site and to determine if it was in excess of EPA's standards—referred to as Removal Management Levels for residential soils. View a copy of the Removal Assessment Report (PDF) (102 pp, 16 MB).

U.S. EPA and Ohio EPA investigators determined contamination varied widely over the 7.5-acre park. Officials found lead concentrations at up to 60 times the safe level in some sections of the park and a residential yard. Arsenic was not found in the yard, but levels of the chemical were discovered in the park at three times the health threshold.

Miami Township closed the park in January 2016 after being informed of the lead contamination. Ohio EPA asked U.S. EPA to take over the cleanup in April 2016. See Ohio EPA Referral Package to U.S. EPA (PDF) (61 pp, 7 MB) The cleanup by U.S. EPA's short-term removal program set out to remove the threat to public health and the environment posed by the presence of lead and arsenic in surface soil in the park and nearby property.

Summary of Response Activities

As part of EPA's health and safety plan for this site, the Agency collected air samples around the perimeter of the work zone, and most samples were non-detect for lead.  Several samples were positive for lead, but below any site action level. EPA also performed continuous air monitoring at the perimeter of the work zone to measure fugitive dust, and all levels were below the site action levels. A water truck was used to help control dust, and a stockpile liner was used to cover the piles of contaminated soil awaiting disposal.

EPA worked closely with Miami Township and Montgomery County representatives to determine the final restoration of the park. Accordingly, it was determined that the basketball courts would be re-installed and an estimated 50 trees would be replaced in the excavation area.

EPA managed this cleanup under its short-term response program, referred to as a Superfund Removal Action, under its emergency authority. The cleanup is expected to cost close to 1.75 million dollars. The latest cleanup activities took place in the fall of 2017 (September-November). U.S. EPA cleanup actions in the park included:

  • Tree-cutting in the contaminated area of the park
  • Tree-chipping and removal from the site for recycling (700 cubic yards of mulch)
  • Securing thirty tons of good timber for lumber (pallet wood)
  • Removal of the tree stumps from the cut down trees
  • Mobilization of EPA on-scene coordinator, contractors, and equipment to the site – including site set up and surveying of the ground to make sure it has the original slope for drainage after the work is done
  • Excavation of lead-contaminated soil from a residential property and the adjoining portion of the park and replacement with clean soil
  • Excavation in the eastern half of the park
  • Seeding of the excavation area
  • Tree replacement
  • Replacement of the basketball courts
  • Resurfacing and re-striping of the parking lot