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Radiation Protection

Radiation Training Presentations for Scrap Metal Processing and Demolition Sites

Radioactive sources can be accidently commingled with scrap metals that are processed at metal reclamation facilities or mixed in with landfill wastes. This can result in contamination of the facility and unnecessary exposure to radiation. This exposure can be hazardous to workers, the public or the environment, and can result in costly cleanups. Most radiation sources that end up at scrap metal facilities come from industrial demolition sites, landfills, or are considered orphan sources. Orphan sources are defined as sources that are once lost, but then later discovered, and the owner of the radioactive material is unknown. Examples of orphan sources may include industrial gauges and devices containing radioactive sources. These items often require little or no maintenance and remain radioactive for many years, depending on the radioisotope. If these devices are lost, painted over, or otherwise mismanaged, they can be easily forgotten, overlooked, or unknown to demolition contractors, waste handlers and scrap metal processors.

In keeping with its mission to protect public health, welfare and the environment, EPA has developed presentations to help aid in the identification and proper handling of radiation sources that could be encountered at scrap metal facilities or demolition sites.

Tritium Exit Signs, Responsible Management

Tritium is a radioactive substance used in exit signs to allow them to be illuminated without a source of electricity. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) requires that tritium exit signs be returned to a licensed facility for disposal. Most, if not all, radioactive substances used for similar or other applications are subject to NRC regulations [10 CFR Part 30] as well as some NRC Agreement States.

EPA developed a self-paced online program to promote awareness of tritium EXIT signs, the proper disposal and safety in handling these signs, legal requirements and the availability of Energy-Star non-radioactive “green” sign alternatives.

View the online training, Tritium Exit Signs, Responsible Management.

Please provide feedback on the training here.

Response to Radiation Alarms at Metal Processing Facilities

EPA worked with states, federal and industry organizations to develop this CD-ROM-based training program that helps workers at scrap metal facilities identify and properly handle radioactive materials that could be found in scrap metal shipments.

Download Response to Radiation Alarms at Metal Processing Facilities (ZIP)(454 MB, September 2002)

This training is no longer maintained and may not function using current software.

Please provide feedback on the training here.

Identifying Radioactive Sources at the Demolition Site

This presentation was designed to help demolition contractors identify and properly handle radiation sources that could be found at demolition sites. The National Demolition Association participated in developing, reviewing and testing the training presentation.

Download Identifying Radioactive Sources at the Demolition Site (ZIP)(563 MB)

This training is no longer maintained and may not function using current software.

Please provide feedback on the training here.

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