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Appendix C: State School Environmental Health Guidelines

EPA Children's Health Protection and Programs

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EPA Region 8's Clean, Green, and Healthy Tribal Schools website

EPA's Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers (with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences) website

EPA's Children's Health Protection website

EPA's Healthy School Environments website

EPA's Healthy School Environment Guidance and Tools website

EPA's Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) National Schools Network website

EPA's Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) School Champions website

EPA's Regional Office Contacts

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K-12 School Compliance, Policies, and Standards

Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007 (310pp, 828K)

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's (NIOSH) Safety Checklist Program for Schools

Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Principal Emergency Response and Preparedness Requirements and Guidance (76pp, 703K)

Rehabilitation Act of 1973 section 504, subpart D: Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education

Beyond Pesticides' State and Local School Pesticide Policies 

Campus Environmental Resource Center (Campus ERC) is a library of resources that support campus environmental performance improvement and help visitors better understand environmental regulations. Although Campus ERC is designed for use by colleges and universities, K-12 school districts might find some of its resources helpful.

Environmental Law Institute  website

Environmental Law Institute's Green Cleaning in Schools: Developments in State Policy  website

Environmental Law Institute's Indoor Environments and Green Buildings Policy Resource Center 

Environmental Law Institute's School Indoor Air Quality: State Policy Strategies for Maintaining Healthy Learning Environments  (available for download)

The National Association of State Boards of Education State School Healthy Policy Database  is a comprehensive set of laws and policies from the 50 states on more than 40 school health topics. The policies in the database are organized into six broad categories: curriculum and instruction, staff, health promoting environment, student services, accommodation, and coordination/implementation.

National Conference of State Legislatures' Environmental Health Legislation and Statutes Databases 

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Assessment Tools

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) School Health Profiles

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National or State Awards Programs

U.S. Department of Education Green Ribbon Schools Recognition Award

Texas's Green Ribbon Schools Program 

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Effective Cleaning IconPractice Effective Cleaning and Maintenance

EPA's Design for the Environment program helps consumers, businesses, and institutional buyers identify cleaning and other products that perform well, are cost effective, and are safer for the environment. A list of products that meet Design for the Environment's stringent criteria for health and environmental safety can be found on the Design for the Environment Product Web page.

EPA's Design for the Environment website

EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program: Cleaning

EPA's Greening Your Purchase of Cleaning Products: A Guide for Federal Purchasers

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit

EPA's Safe Chemical Management in Schools Green Cleaning 

CDC/NIOSH's Prevention of Occupational Asthma website

California Department of Public Health's Cleaning for Asthma Safe Schools Project 

Illinois Green Cleaning Legislation's Public Act 095-0084 

Missouri's Green Cleaning Guidelines and Specifications for Schools (26pp, 227K) 

New York's Green Cleaning Program website 

New York's Green Cleaning Program Approved Green Cleaning Products List 

The Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) Best Practices Manual for Maintenance and Operations: available for download  on the CHPS website.

Healthy Schools Campaign Green Clean Schools  website

Healthy Schools Network's Cleaning for Healthy Schools Toolkit 

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities' Resource List for School Cleaning and Maintenance Practices 

U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance  addresses whole-building cleaning and maintenance issues (including chemical use) and exterior maintenance programs.

Green Seal  is a non-profit organization that develops life-cycle based sustainability standards for products, services, and companies and offers third-party certification for those that meet the criteria in the standard.

Ecologo  was founded in Canada in 1988 and is a North American environmental standard and certification mark. Ecologo's standards address multiple environmental attributes throughout the life cycle of a product or service, and have been verified by a third-party auditor.

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Mold and Moisture IconPrevent Mold and Moisture

EPA's Flood Cleanup website

EPA's Molds and Moisture website

EPA's Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings website

CDC's Mold website

University of Connecticut Health Center's Guidance for Clinicians on the Recognition and Management of Health Effects Related to Mold Exposure and Moisture Indoors (120pp, 1.1M) 

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Contaminant IconReduce Chemical and Environmental Contaminant Hazards

EPA's fact sheet: Lead in Drinking Water Coolers

EPA's Guidance on Assessing Outdoor Air Near Schools

EPA's Guidance on Testing Schools and Child Care Facilities for Lead in the Drinking Water

EPA Region 8's Hazardous Waste Management for School Laboratories and Classrooms

EPA Region 8's Idle Free Schools Toolkit

EPA's 3Ts for Reducing Lead in Drinking Water (104pp, 2.5M) manual

EPA's Academic Laboratories Rule

EPA's Asbestos in Schools website

EPA's Clean School Bus USA website

EPA's Community Action for a Renewed Environment Program

EPA's Current Drinking Water Regulations website

EPA's Design for the Environment Labeled Products and Partners

EPA's Drinking Water in Schools and Child Care Facilities website

EPA's Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program

EPA's Guidance and Tools for Drinking Water in Schools and Child Care Facilities

EPA's Hazardous Waste website

EPA's IAQ Reference Guide Appendix G: Radon

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit

EPA's Lead website

EPA's List of Drinking Water Contaminants and their Maximum Contaminant Levels

EPA's Mercury website

EPA's Mercury in Schools Case Studies

EPA's National Clean Diesel Campaign website

EPA's National Idle-Reduction Campaign website

EPA's National Primary Drinking Water Regulations website

EPA's Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) website

EPA's PCB in Caulk Schools Fact Sheet (1p, 163K)

EPA's Proper Maintenance, Removal, and Disposal of PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts: A Guide for School Administrators and Maintenance Personnel

EPA's Radon website

EPA's Radon in Schools website

EPA's Reduce Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke website

EPA's Safe Chemical Management in Schools website

EPA's Safe Chemical Management in Schools Workbook: Building Successful Programs to Address Chemical Risks in Schools 

EPA's Smoke-Free Homes website

EPA's Toolkit for Safe Chemical Management in K-12 Schools

EPA's Wastewater Management website

AIRNow's Air Quality Index website

AIRNow's School Flag Program

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's ToxFAQs website

Consumer Product Safety Commission/NIOSH's School Chemistry Laboratory Guide (86pp, 1.6M)

NIOSH's Hazardous Waste Self-Inspection Checklist for Schools

Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard

Colorado regulations for inventory of laboratory chemicals: RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING SCHOOLS IN THE STATE OF COLORADO 6 CCR 1010-6 (46pp, 206K) 

King County, Washington's Local Hazardous Waste Management Program Resources for Schools 

King County, Washington's Local Hazardous Waste Management Program School Chemical List 

King County, Washington's Rehab the Lab Less Toxic Chemistry Labs 

Maryland's Science Safety Manual Chemicals: Managing, Handling, and Disposing 

Nebraska's Department of Environmental Quality School Chemicals and Disposal Guidance 

Washington D.C.'s Ballou High School Mercury Spill Case Study

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Ventilation IconEnsure Good Ventilation

EPA's Guidance for Indoor Air Quality in Large Buildings

EPA's Asthma Webpage: Asthma Triggers

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools website

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools: Benefits of Good Indoor Air Quality

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools: Case Studies

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools: Framework for Effective Indoor Air Quality Management (3pp, 498K)

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools: Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Systems

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools: School Advanced Ventilation Engineering Software

EPA's Ozone Generators that Are Sold as Air Cleaners website

EPA's Residential Air Cleaners: A Summary of Available Information website

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools' Indoor Air Quality Program and Environmental Stewardship Initiative 

Connecticut's Indoor Air Quality Law 

Connecticut's Tools for Schools Program 

Indiana's Department of Health School Indoor Air Quality Policy (11pp, 92K) 

New Jersey's Public Employee Occupational Safety and Health Indoor Air Quality Standard 

Texas's Voluntary Indoor Air Quality Guidelines for Government Buildings  (including public schools)

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers' Standard 62.1-2010: Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality 

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America's State Honor Roll of Asthma and Allergy School Policies 

National Education Association Health Information Network's: K-12 Indoor Air Quality Lesson Plans (127pp, 5M) 

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Pests IconPrevent Pests and Reduce Pesticide Exposure

EPA's Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Schools website

EPA's Pesticides A Backyard Activity Book for Kids on Integrated Pest Management website

EPA's Pesticides Children are at Greater Risk from Pesticide Exposure website

EPA's Pesticides Information for Kids, Students, and Teachers website

EPA's Pesticides Topical and Chemical Fact Sheets website

California's School Integrated Pest Management  website

Florida's School Integrated Pest Management  website

Los Angeles Unified School District's Integrated Pest Management Policy (7pp, 147K)

New Jersey's School Integrated Pest Management  website

Pennsylvania's School Integrated Pest Management  website

Texas A&M's School Integrated Pest Management  website

Washington State University's School Integrated Pest Management  website

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Construction Hat IconNew Construction and Renovation

EPA's Healthy School Environment Resources: Financing

EPA's IAQ Design Tools for Schools website

EPA's IAQ Design Tools for Schools: Controlling Pollutants and Sources

EPA's IAQ Design Tools for Schools: High Performance Schools

EPA's IAQ Tools for Schools Renovation and Repair website

EPA's Lead Renovation, Repair, and Painting website

EPA's Lead Safe Certification Program

EPA's Renovation, Repair, and Painting Rule

EPA's Smart Growth and Schools

EPA's Voluntary School Siting Guidelines

EPA's WaterSense website

EPA's WaterSense Label

EPA's WaterSense Labeled Products

EPA's WaterSense Rebate Finder

EPA's ENERGY STAR for K-12 School Districts website

EPA's ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual

EPA's ENERGY STAR Designed to Earn the ENERGY STAR

EPA's ENERGY STAR Energy Design Guidance

EPA's ENERGY STAR Federal High Performance Sustainable Buildings Checklist (9pp, 1.1M)

EPA's ENERGY STAR Target Finder

U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program: Guidance for Sustainable Design

U.S. Department of Energy's National Best Practices Manual for Building High Performance Schools (457pp, 8.8M)

U.S. Green Building Council's Center for Green Schools 

U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Schools 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS)  website

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' CHPS Designed 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' CHPS Operations Report Card 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' CHPS Verified 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' CHPS Verified for Prefabricated Classrooms 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' High Performance Products Database 

Collaborative for High Performance Schools' High Performance School Best Practices Manual 

Green Building Initiative  website

Green Building Initiative's Green Globes Program

International Code Council  website

International Code Council's International Green Construction Code 

American Clearinghouse on Educational Facilities  website

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities  website

National Green Schools Coalition

National Center for Educational Statistics' Facilities Information Management: A Guide for State and Local Education Agencies (104pp, 574K) 

National Center for Educational Statistics' Forum Guide to Facilities Information Management: A Resource for State and Local Education Agencies (89pp, 3.1M) 

NSF International's Low Lead Plumbing Products Guide 

Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors' National Association's IAQ Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction 

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Classroom Comfort IconEnhancing Classroom Comfort

EPA's Proper Maintenance, Removal, and Disposal of PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts: A Guide for School Administrators and Maintenance Personnel

EPA's SunWise Program website

Department of Energy EnergySmart Schools Case Study's Northern Guilford Middle School, Greensboro, North Carolina(4pp, 363K)

U.S. Green Building Council's Center for Green Schools What Makes a School Green? 

Virginia's Albemarle County Public Schools  website

Standard 12.60, "Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements, and Guidelines for Schools," of the American National Standards Institute Part 1: Permanent Schools 

Standard 12.60, "Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements, and Guidelines for Schools," of the American National Standards Institute Part 2: Relocatable Classrooms 

Windows and Classrooms: A Study of Student Performance and the Indoor Environment (131pp, 1.3M) , California Energy Commission, Heschong Mahone Group, Inc. October 2003

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Eco Friendly IconEnergy and Water Efficiency

EPA Region 3's Rain Barrels website

EPA's Green Roofs website

EPA's Proper Maintenance, Removal, and Disposal of PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts: A Guide for School Administrators and Maintenance Personnel

EPA's WaterSense website

EPA's WaterSense Educational Materials

EPA's WaterSense Kids website

The ENERGY STAR information for purchasing and procurement is designed to assist procurement officials in smart purchasing decisions. Read about how the United States Air Force (2pp, 315K) implemented ENERGY STAR purchasing and other measures to save $15 million annually. Review other case studies and the key benefits of purchasing ENERGY STAR-qualified products.

Energy Efficiency and Indoor Air Quality in Schools (5pp, 459K): A joint EPA working paper from ENERGY STAR and Indoor Air Quality (September 2003)

EPA's ENERGY STAR for K-12 School Districts website

EPA's ENERGY STAR Guidelines for Energy Management

EPA's ENERGY STAR Guide to Energy Efficiency Competitions for Buildings & Plants (22pp, 2.6M)

EPA's ENERGY STAR Kids Webpage

EPA's ENERGY STAR Low Carbon IT Campaign

EPA's ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager: An Overview

Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy K-12 Lesson Plans and Activities

Department of Energy's EnergySmart Schools Guide to Operating and Maintaining EnergySmart Schools (64pp, 2.5M)

Colorado's Manitou Springs School District Sustainability Management Plan (30pp, 1.4M) 

Kentucky's Energy Efficiency Program for Schools 

Lakota School District's Facilities Upgrade Case Study 

Newtown, Pennsylvania's Council Rock School District Case Study

Alliance for Water Efficiency's Promoting the Efficient and Sustainable Use of Water/Schools K-12 Introduction 

The International Facility Management Association Sustainability  website contains resources and information for facility management professionals on energy and water conservation, indoor environmental quality, purchasing, and waste/recycling.

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Training IconTraining and Curricula

EPA's ENERGY STAR program provides no-cost training on a variety of topics related to energy efficiency in buildings, including K-12 schools. Visit http://www.energystar.gov/buildings/training/live-training to view the continuously updated list and schedule of upcoming trainings.

Classroom Earth is an online resource designed to help high school teachers include environmental content in their daily lesson plans. Its resource library offers websites, videos, and sample lesson plans. The website also features grants and funding opportunities, success stories, and professional development opportunities.

The Green Education Foundation  provides curriculum and resources for K-12 students and teachers.

The National Environmental Education Foundation  is a complementary organization to EPA, extending its ability to foster environmental knowledge across all segments of the American public. The foundation's programs offer opportunities to incorporate environmental health lessons into student curricula.

The National Energy Education Development  project provides resources to educate teachers and students on the science of energy, renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy, electricity, transportation, and efficiency and conservation, among other topics. The National Energy Education Development's website offers curriculum guides and resources for teachers, as well as activities and information for students.

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Other Resources

EPA's Sustainable Food Management website

CDC's Coordinated School Health website

CDC's 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study (4pp, 142K) overview

NIOSH's Health Hazard Evaluation Program (20pp, 3.1M)

Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units 

The President's Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children's Coordinated Federal Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Asthma Disparities (24pp, 1.2M)

United States Department of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Offices  are good resources for educational materials.

Chicago, Illinois's Academy for Global Citizenship  website

Chicago, Illinois's Academy for Global Citizenship: Sustainability Handbook for Schools (64pp, 2.2M)

Colorado's Coalition for Healthy Schools  website

Colorado Springs, Colorado School District 11 ENERGY STAR Case Study (2pp, 113K)

Illinois Department of Public Health's Healthy Schools for Healthy Learning  website

Kentucky's Green and Healthy Schools  website

Maryland's Association of Environmental and Outdoor Education 

Minnesota Department of Health's School Related Initiatives and Programs 

Minnesota's Statute 123B.57 Capital Expenditure; Health and Safety 

New Hampshire's Partners for Healthy Schools  website

Rhode Island's Department of Elementary and Secondary Education  website

Washington's School Environmental Health and Safety  website

Wisconsin's Green and Healthy Schools Program 

The Green Schools Alliance  is a non-profit organization created by schools for schools to address environmental and climate challenges through the implementation of sustainable, energy-smart solutions. The Green Schools Alliance offers programs and resources to help schools set goals, measure progress, share best practices, and inspire change. The alliance's website features a Web page for students that offers ways to take action on environmental issues facing their schools.

The Healthy Schools Campaign  has developed an Action and Resource Guide for Healthy Schools. While the guide is intended for Illinois schools, the information within can help schools in other states address environmental health issues.

Kats, G. (2006). Greening America's schools: Costs and benefits. A Capital E Report http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=2908 (26pp, 1.8M) .

National Research Council. (2011). Climate change, the indoor environment, and health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 286 pages.

National Research Council. (2006). Green schools: Attributes for health and learning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 192 pages.

Frumkin, H., Geller, R.J., Rubin, I.L., & Nodvin, J.T. (Eds). (2006). Safe and Healthy School Environments. New York: Oxford University Press. 480 pages.