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Resources that Support the School Siting Guidelines

 

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Community Involvement


Capacity Building (Also see Technical Assistance)

Center for Environmental Finance (CEF). EPA's CEF assists the public and private sectors in finding creative approaches to funding environmental programs, projects and activities.  http://www.epa.gov/efinpage/index.htm

Technical Assistance Service for Communities (TASC). EPA's TASC program provides technical assistance to communities with Superfund or RCRA regulated sites. Provides experts who can explain hazardous waste problems in the community and EPA's plans for cleaning up these waste sites.  http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/tasc/.

Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB). EPA's TAB program has funded four centers to help communities understand the Brownfields program, the grant application process as well as the activities needed to assess and cleanup sites. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/tools/tab_bifold.pdf

Superfund Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs). EPA's TAG program provides funds to help communities participate in decision-making at eligible Superfund sites. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/tag/

National Clean Diesel Campaign. EPA's National Diesel Campaign provides grants and training to reduce air pollutant emissions from diesel school buses, including retrofits and anti-idling. http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/  See grant information at: http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/grantfund.htm.

Community Based Air Toxic Projects. EPA provides grants for communities to assess impacts from air toxics for focused community projects (http://www.epa.gov/air/toxicair/community/) or community wide assessments (http://www.epa.gov/care/).

School Air Toxics Monitoring Initiative. EPA assesses outdoor air concentrations of pollutants across the United States and provides information on how to measure pollutant concentrations and assess the potential impacts of these pollutants. http://www.epa.gov/schoolair/

Smart Growth Grants. EPA's Smart Growth program offers grants to improve the quality of development's impact on human health and the environment. http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/grants/index.htm

Environnemental Justice Grants. 2009. EPA's environmental justice program provides grants for local environmental and/or public health issues. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/environmentaljustice/grants/index.html

School Modernization. U.S. Department of Education. 2009. http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/leg/recovery/modernization/index.html

Ensuring Healthy Communities: Results of the 2006 State Environmental Health Directors Survey. Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO). 2007. Survey results provide information about state environmental public health programs and activities, typical state environmental health programs and a baseline to monitor how programs change over time. http://www.astho.org/Display/AssetDisplay.aspx?id=2552

Improving Community Health: Brownfields and Health Monitoring. Laurel Berman, Deborah Orr, Tina Forrester. Environmental Practice 11 (3) September 2009. Highlights efforts to promote health monitoring in brownfields communities. ATSDR and EPA are working together to build internal as well as community capacity to monitor community health through redevelopment activities. ABSTRACT: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=6383484&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S146604660999024X

ATSDR Brownfield/Land Reuse Site Tool. EPA's tool is a rapid site screening and multiple chemical exposure dose calculating tool that allows users to assess sites by past/future use, institutional controls, sensitive populations, and suspected or confirmed contamination. http://www.epa.gov/region5brownfields/pdf/bf-sitetool-flyer-072109.pdf

Community Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE).  EPA's CARE grant program offers an innovative way for communities to organize and take action to reduce toxic pollution in its local environment. http://www.epa.gov/care/

Community Based Risk Assessment (CBRA). EPA. Communities face different exposures to chemical and non-chemical stressors. Some communities may be more vulnerable to such stressors, due to genetics, social or other environmental factors. The environmental justice movement and local communities have asked EPA to assess cumulative exposures. CBRA is an attempt to address exposures and environmental health risks in real world contexts. http://www.epa.gov/ncer/cbra/about.html

National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities Resource Lists. NCEF's extensive compilation of resources about all aspects of school facilities, including school siting, financing and building capacity. http://edfacilities.org/rl/index.cfm

Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN). EPA's CLU-IN provides information and online webinars/training about innovative treatment and site characterization technologies regarding hazardous waste remediation, as well as information on common contaminants found at hazardous waste sites. http://www.clu-in.org/

All Appropriate Inquires. EPA published a final rule setting federal standards for the conduct of all appropriate inquiries. The final rule establishes specific regulatory requirements for conducting all appropriate inquiries into the previous ownership, uses and environmental conditions of a property for the purposes of qualifying for certain landowner liability protections under CERCLA.  http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/aai/

Capacity Building Resources.  EPA assists groups in developing knowledge by providing a compendium of Web-based and printed resources and tools. http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/outreach/capacity_index.cfm

Superfund Community Involvement Publications. EPA publications for community members at Superfund sites that include include information about how EPA determines the risk at a site, how to get detailed reports about the site in your area, and how EPA supports reuse of sites after they have been cleaned up. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/publications.htm

Federal Grants Guide for Community Environmental and Public Health Activities. EPA, CDC and ATSDR developed a federal grants guide on current funding opportunities nationwide to meet environmental and public health goals. The guide is targeted to community groups, non-profit organizations, academic institutions, state and local governments and tribes working on projects that identify, monitor and clean up toxics in their communities. http://www.epa.gov/air/care/documents/EPA_CDC_ATSDR_Grants_Guide_web_061708.pdf

Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU). PEHSUs are a network of experts in children's environmental health created to ensure that children and communities have access to, often at no cost, special medical knowledge and resources for children faced with a health risk due to a natural or human-made environmental hazard. PEHSUs can also provide training and case studies on environmental health issues. http://www.aoec.org/PEHSU.htm

Community Planning and Development (CPD) Technical Assistance. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The CPD Technical Assistance program helps grassroots organizations successfully access and utilize HUD's programs and resources to enable neighborhoods and communities with the greatest need achieve the highest level of performance and results in community development. http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/about/cpdta/

Center for Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships Technical Assistance. http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/faith_based/technical_assistance

U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution. The Institute helps resolve environmental disputes that involve the federal government, by providing mediation, training and related services. The Institute also offers an online roster of qualified environmental conflict resolution practitioners across the country as well as a list of training opportunities not related to disputes with the federal government. http://www.ecr.gov/HowWeWork/HowWeWork.aspx

Community Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE). EPA's CARE grant program offers innovative ways for communies to organize and take action to reduce toxic pollution in its local environment. CARE also provides a Resource Guide and other information relevant to the CARE program. http://www.epa.gov/care/

Brownfields Program. EPA's Brownfields Program provides direct funding for brownfields assessment, cleanup, revolving loans and environmental job training. EPA also provides technical information on brownfields financing matters. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/grant_info/index.htm

National Public Health Training Centers Network (PHTC). The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-funded PHTCs are partnerships between accredited schools of public health, related academic institutions and public health agencies and organizations. The PHTC program has an online training database with courses that address basic core competencies in public health, epidemiology, health communication, cultural competency and health disparities, to name a few. Most training is online and free of charge. http://www.asph.org/phtc/search-new.cfm

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Public Involvement

Public Involvement Policy. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/publicinvolvement/policy2003/index.htm

For Generations to Come: A leadership Guide to Renewing Public School Buildings. 21st Century School Fund. http://www.21csf.org/csf-home/Documents/Organizing_Manual.pdf

Superfund Community Involvement. EPA's Superfund community involvement goal is to advocate and strengthen early and meaningful community participation during Superfund cleanups. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/

Superfund Community Involvement Tool Kit. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/toolkit.htm

Model Plan for Public Participation. National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC). See the Model Plan for Public Participation

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Technical Assistance (Also see Capacity Building)

Technical Assistance Service for Communities (TASC). EPA's TASC program rovides technical assistance to communities with Superfund or RCRA regulated sites. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/tasc/

Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB). EPA has funded four centers to help communities understand the brownfields program, the grant application process as well as the activities needed to assess and cleanup sites. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/tools/tab_bifold.pdf

Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs). EPA's TAG grants help communities participate in decision making at eligible Superfund sites. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/tag/

National Clean Diesel Campaign. EPA's National Clean Diesel Campaign provides grants and training for reduction of air pollutant emissions from diesel school buses, including retrofits and anti-idling. http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/ See grant information: http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/grantfund.htm.

Community Based Air Toxic Projects. EPA provides grants for communities to assess impacts from air toxics for focused community projects (http://www.epa.gov/air/toxicair/community/) or community wide assessments (http://www.epa.gov/care/).

School Air Toxics Monitoring Initiative. EPA assesses outdoor air concentrations of pollutants across the United States and provides information on how to measure pollutant concentrations and assess the potential impacts of these pollutants. http://www.epa.gov/schoolair/

Smart Growth Grants. EPA's Smart Growth program offers grants to support development that protects human health and the environment. http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/grants/index.htm

Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN). EPA's CLU-IN provides information and online webinars/training about innovative treatment and site characterization technologies for hazardous waste remediation, as well as information on common contaminants found at hazardous waste sites. http://www.clu-in.org/

All Appropriate Inquires. EPA published a final rule setting federal standards for the conduct of all appropriate inquiries. The final rule establishes specific regulatory requirements for conducting all appropriate inquiries into the previous ownership, uses and environmental conditions of a property for the purposes of qualifying for certain landowner liability protections under CERCLA. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/aai/

Water Capacity Building Resources. EPA provides a compendium of Web-based and printed resources and tools. http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/nps/outreach/capacity_index.cfm

Superfund Community Involvement Publications. EPA publications for community members at Superfund sites, including information about how EPA determines the risk at a site, how to get detailed reports about the site in your area, and how EPA supports reuse of sites after they have been cleaned up. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/publications.htm

Federal Grants Guide for Community Environmental and Public Health Activities. EPA, CDC and ATSDR's federal grants guide provides information on current funding nationwide related to environmental and public health goals. The guide is targeted to community groups, non-profit organizations, academic institutions, state and local governments and tribes related to identifying, monitoring and cleaning up toxics in their communities.http://www.epa.gov/air/care/documents/EPA_CDC_ATSDR_Grants_Guide_web_061708.pdf

Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU). PEHSUs are a network of experts in children's environmental health created to ensure that children and communities have access to, often at no cost, special medical knowledge and resources for children faced with a health risk due to a natural or human-made environmental hazard. PEHSUs can also provide training and case studies on environmental health issues. http://www.aoec.org/PEHSU.htm

National Public Health Training Centers Network (PHTC). The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-funded PHTC are partnerships between accredited schools of public health, related academic institutions and public health agencies and organizations. The PHTC program has an online training database with courses that address basic core competencies in public health, epidemiology, health communication, cultural competency and health disparities. Most training is online and free of charge. http://www.asph.org/phtc/search-new.cfm

Community Planning and Development Technical Assistance. U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). CPD technical assistance program provides assistance to help grassroots organizations successfully access and utilize HUD's programs and resources to enable neighborhoods and communities with the greatest need achieve the highest level of performance and results. http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/about/cpdta/

Center for Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships Technical Assistance. http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/program_offices/faith_based/technical_assistance.  The Center works with HUD field and program offices to offer organizational capacity building workshops annually around the country. These one- and two-day trainings are designed for smaller grassroots non-profits seeking to strengthen their effectiveness by covering the following topics:

U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution. The Institute's mission is to help resolve environmental disputes that involve the federal government, by providing mediation, training and related services. The Institute also offers an online roster of qualified environmental conflict resolution practitioners across the country as well as a list of training opportunities . http://www.ecr.gov/HowWeWork/HowWeWork.aspx

Community Action for a Renewed Environment (CARE). EPA's CARE grants offer an innovative way for communities to organize and take action to reduce toxic pollution in their local environment. CARE also provides a Resource Guide, a tool to find information about community-based environmental protection, and other documents that support the CARE program. http://www.epa.gov/care/

Brownfields Program. EPA's Brownfields Program provides direct funding for brownfields assessment, cleanup, revolving loans and environmental job training. In addition to direct brownfields funding, EPA also provides technical information on brownfields financing matters. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/grant_info/index.htm

Health Impact Assessment. World Health Organizaiton.  http://www.who.int/hia/en/

Health Impact Assessment. CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/hia.htm

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Risk Communication

Risk Communication in Action: the Tools of Message Mapping. EPA. 2007. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/625r06012/625r06012.pdf

Center for Risk Communication. http://www.centerforriskcommunication.com/

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Energy


Energency Efficiency

ENERGY STAR for Schools. http://www.energystar.gov/K-12

Design to Earn the ENERGY STAR. http://www.energystar.gov/newbuildingdesign

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Hydro Power

Hydropower Dams. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. http://www.ferc.gov/industries/industries.asp

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Renewable Energy 

Maps for Renewable Energy Generation. EPA, Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) maps for Energy Generation (Solar, Wind, etc.) http://www.epa.gov/renewableenergyland/maps_incentives.htm

Green Power Partnership.  EPA's Green Power Partnership is a voluntary program that supports the procurement of green power by offering expert advice, technical support, tools and resources. http://www.epa.gov/grnpower/index.htm

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Environmental Assessment and Management


Disparities (See Environmental Justice)

Cleanup Regulations and Processes

Federal Cleanup Programs. Laws and regulatory authorities governing cleanup of contaminated sites. http://www.epa.gov/lawsregs/

State Agency Waste Management Programs. Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO). Easy access to the waste management websites for each of the 50 states, by topic. http://www.astswmo.org/Pages/Resources/State_Agency_Links.htm

Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA provides information about EPA's land cleanup programs as well as the laws, policy and technical information regarding risks of hazardous wastes and community outreach tools to involve communities in the cleanup process. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/index.htm

Land Revitalization. EPA's land revitalization program related to clean up activities.  http://www.epa.gov/landrevitalization/index.htm

Brownfields. EPA's brownfields program includes information about grant funding, laws, regulations, and success stories. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/

Superfund community involvement. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/community/ webpage

State laws and regulations. http://www.envcap.org/statetools/

Tribal Brownfield Programs. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/state_tribal/tribe_progs.htm

Federal Environmental Laws and Regulations for Tribal Programs. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/tribal/

Superfund site characterization guidance. EPA.http://www.epa.gov/superfund/cleanup/schar.htm

Superfund program risk assessment process. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/superfund_toxicity.htm

Resource Conservation and Recovery (RCRA) Cleanup Program. EPA.http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/correctiveaction/index.htm

Superfund. EPA. http://epa.gov/superfund

Underground Storage Tanks. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/swerust1/

Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs). PRGs are generally chemical-specific concentration goals for specific media (e.g., soil, sediment, water and air) and land use combinations at CERCLA sites. They serve as a point of departure in the remedy selection process and generally are used as a target in conjunction with site-specific information (e.g., exposure frequency) during the initial development, analysis, and selection of cleanup alternatives. As discussed in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) (40 CFR 300.430(e)(2)(i)) preliminary remediation goals are typically developed from readily available information. Preliminary remediation goals should be modified, as necessary, when more site-specific information becomes available (e.g., exposure frequency). Draft Recommended Interim Preliminary Remediation Goals for Dioxin in Soil at CERCLA and RCRA Sites. Federal Register: January 7, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 4, Page 984-986) http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2010/2010-16.htm

Survey of States' Soil and Ground water Cleanup Standards. AEHS Foundation. 2003.  http://www.aehsfoundation.org/State--Surveys.aspx

Cleanups in My Community. EPA. http://iaspub.epa.gov/Cleanups/.

CERCLA Response Actions: Guidance on Conducting Non-Time Critical Removal Actions under CERCLA. EPA. 1993. Removal responses are common at Superfund sites when the contamination poses an immediate threat to human health and the environment. Removals are classified as either time-critical or non-time-critical depending on the extent and type of contamination. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/policy/remedy/sfremedy/overview/removal.htm

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Environmental Compliance Requirements

Tribal Schools Compliance Assistance Notebook. Developed under EPA's National Indian Country Initiative to help schools understand how to comply with major environmental requirements that apply to schools. http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/TRIBAL.NSF/Programs/Tribal+Schools

Campus Environnemental Resource Center (Campus ERC). Campus ERC provides information for educational facilities about environmental responsibilities, such as waste management, asbestos removal, and drinking water and requirements related to chemistry laboratories or dining halls, and how best to meet them. http://www.campuserc.org . Find all EPA sponsored Compliance Assistance Centers at http://www.assistancecenters.net .

Local Government Environmental Assistance Network. This network provides information for local governments about environmental responsibilities, such as waste management, air issues, drinking water, and financing. http://www.lgean.org/ . Find all EPA sponsored Compliance Assistance Centers at http://www.assistancecenters.net.

Financing for Environmental Compliance. EPA's step-by-step financial planning process helps communities determine capital asset technical and financial needs, find specific resources to meet their compliance goals and helps municipalities maintain their environmental compliance or return to compliance. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/assistance/financing/index.html

COMPASS Compliance Assistance Newsletter: Educational Facilities Edition. EPA. 2006. Provides information on how to improve environmental compliance and performance at educational facilities. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/newsletters/assistance/cacompassvol2no2.pdf

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Environmental Justice

Growth and Disparity: A Decade of Public School Construction. Building Educational Success Together (BEST). 2006. Highlights inequalities in public education infrastructure and provides empirical data for construction disparities due to family income, community income as well as race and ethnicity. http://www.21csf.org/csf-home/publications/BEST-Growth-Disparity-2006.pdf

Healthy Schools: A Major Front in the Fight for Environmental Justice. Daria Neal. Environmental Law. March 22, 2008. http://www.elawreview.org/elaw/382/healthy_schols_a_major_front.html

Environmental Justice Grants. EPA. 2009. Provides guidelines and eligibility requirements for both the Environmental Justice Collaborative Problem-Solving Cooperative Agreement Program and the Environmental Small Grants Program. These grant programs provide funding for local environmental and/or public health issues. http://www.epa.gov/compliance/environmentaljustice/grants/index.html

Environmental Justice in Waste Programs. EPA. 2009. Provides EPA's definition of environmental justice and an overview of EPA's documentation on environmental justice. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/ej/index.html

State Policies and School Facilities: How States Can Support or Undermine Neighborhood Schools and Community Preservation. Constance E. Beaumont, National Trust for Historic Preservation, May 2003, page 12. http://www.preservationnation.org/issues/historic-schools/additional-resources/schools_state_policies.pdf

Enterprise Schools and Communities. The Enterprise Community Partners, Inc. http://www.enterprisecommunity.org/resources/schools_and_communities/default.asp

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Environmental Professionals

Guide to Selecting a Consultant. June 2001. California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/Brownfields/upload/PUB_SMP_Guide-to-Selecting-a-Consultant.pdf

All Appropriate Inquiries Rule: Definition Of Environmental Professional. EPA's CERCLA regulations define the qualifications of an "environmental professional" engaged to perform "All Appropriate Inquiries" studies (40 CFR 312.10(b)). http://epa.gov/brownfields/aai/ep_deffactsheet.pdf
Massachusetts Licensed site professional program: http://www.mass.gov/dep/cleanup/licensed.htm

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Environmental Review Process (Also see All Appropriate Inquiry Standard)

ASTM E 1527-05 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process. http://www.astm.org/Standards/E1527.htm

ASTM E 1903-11 (2002) Standard Guide for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase II Environmental Site Assessment Process. http://www.astm.org/Standards/E1903.htm

ASTM E 1528-06 Standard Practice for Limited Environmental Due Diligence: Transaction Screen Process. http://www.astm.org/Standards/E1528.htm

California Site Review Process. California Department Of Education. Education Codes that define the criteria that new school sites and new construction and modernization plans funded by the state are required to meet to be approved. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/sitereview.asp

California School Site Selection and Approval Guide. California Department Of Education. This guide helps school districts make the wisest school site selection possible. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/schoolsiteguide.asp

California Brownfields Reuse. California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/Brownfields/index

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Long-term Stewardship

Long-term Stewardship Task Force Report and the Development of Implementation Options for the Task Force Recommendations. EPA. Long-term stewardship applies to sites and properties where long-term management of contaminated environmental media is necessary over time. The Task Force released this report on challenges facing EPA and its partners responsible for ensuring long-term stewardship. http://www.epa.gov/landrecycling/ltstf_report/index.htm

Citizen's Guide to Understanding Institutional Controls. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/fedfac/pdf/ic_ctzns_guide.pdf

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Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/riskassessment/

Superfund Program Risk Assessment Process. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/superfund_toxicity.htm

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). EPA information on the effects of specific chemicals on human health. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm?fuseaction=iris.showSubstanceList

Guidance for Assessing Exposures and Health Risks at Existing and Proposed School Sites. California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Evaluation. California Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.oehha.ca.gov/public_info/public/kids/schools2604.html

Guidance for School Site Risk Assessment Pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 901(f). February 2004. Integrated Risk Assessment Section. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. California Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.oehha.ca.gov/public_info/public/kids/pdf/SchoolscreenFinal.pdf

California Air Resources Board Air Quality and Land Use Handbook. 2005. http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/handbook.pdf

Air Quality Issues in School Site Selection Guidance Document. June 2005 (revised May 2007). South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD). http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/aqguide/doc/School_Guidance.pdf

ATSDR Brownfield/Land Reuse Site Tool. This tool is a rapid site screening and multiple chemical exposure dose calculating tool that allows users to assess sites by past/future use, institutional controls, sensitive populations and suspected or confirmed contamination. http://www.epa.gov/region5brownfields/pdf/bf-sitetool-flyer-072109.pdf

Railyards Health Risk Assessment and Mitigation Measures. California Air Resources Board (CARB). http://www.arb.ca.gov/railyard/hra/hra.htm

Community-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C-FERST). EPA's C-FERST assists communities with the challenge of identifying and prioritizing community environmental health issues, incorporating the latest research on the science of estimating human exposure to toxic substances in the environment. http://www.epa.gov/heasd/c-ferst/

Community Based Risk Assessment (CBRA). Communities face different exposures to chemical and non-chemical stressors. Some communities may be more vulnerable to such stressors due to genetics, social or other environmental factors. The environmental justice movement and local communities asked EPA to assess cumulative exposures.  CBRA addresses exposures and environmental health risks in real world contexts. http://www.epa.gov/ncer/cbra/about.html

Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Tool (RVAT). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Coastal Services Center. Helps communities identify risks of injury, damage or loss from natural hazards. http://www.csc.noaa.gov/rvat/

Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Guidance Manual for Preparation of Health Risk Assessments. California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Guidelines for conducting health risk assessments under the Air Toxics Hot Spots Program (CA Health and Safety Code Section 44360 (b) (2)). http://oehha.ca.gov/air/hot_spots/HRAguidefinal.html

Risk Screening Environmental Indicators Tool (RSEI). EPA's RSEI computer-based screening tool analyzes risk factors to put Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) release data into a chronic health context. http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/rsei/

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Sampling (Also see Vapor Intrusion/VOCs, All Appropriate Inquiry Standard, Cleanup Regulations and Processes)

Interim Guidance Evaluation of School Sites with Potential Soil Contamination as a Result of Lead from Lead-based Paint, Organochlorine Pesticides from Termiticides, and Polychlorinated Biphenyls from Electrical Transformers. California EPA. Revised June 9, 06. Guidance on limited lead-based paint, pesticide, and poly-chlorinated biphenyl sampling. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/Schools/upload/Guidance_Lead_Contamination_060912.pdf

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Site Characterization (Also see Vapor Intrusion/VOCs, All Appropriate Inquiry Standard, Cleanup Regulations and Processes)

 

Hazardous Waste Site Characterization Guidance. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/cleanup/schar.htm

Superfund Program Risk Assessment Process. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/superfund_toxicity.htm

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Environmental Hazards


Air Pollution (See also Roads, Risk Assessment, Maps and Mapping)

California Air Resources Board Air Quality and Land Use Handbook (2005). Reference guide for evaluating and reducing air pollution impacts associated with new projects that go through the land use decision-making process. http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/landuse.htm

South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Air Quality Issues in School Site Selection Guidance Document. June 2005 (revised May 2007). Provides suggested policies that school districts can use to prevent or reduce potential air pollution impacts and protect the health of their students and staff. http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/aqguide/doc/School_Guidance.pdf

Recommended Protocol for Evaluating the Location of Sensitive Land Uses Adjacent to Major Roadways. Version 3, January 2010. Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District. http://www.airquality.org/ceqa/RoadwayProtocol.shtml

National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA). EPA. Provides information on air toxics related sources and emissions. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/natamain/

AirData: Access to Air Pollutant Data. EPA's AirData provides access to both air monitoring and emissions inventory air pollution data for both criteria air pollutants as well as hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) for the entire United States, producing reports and maps of air pollution data based on criteria that users specify. http://www.epa.gov/air/data/index.html

Toxics Release Inventory (TRI). EPA's TRI database contains information on toxic chemical releases and waste management activities reported annually by certain industries as well as federal facilities. http://www.epa.gov/tri/

AIr/Now. EPA database on air quality conditions and forecasts. http://www.airnow.gov/

Human Exposure Model (HEM). EPA's HEH is primarily for performing risk assessments for major point sources (usually producers or large users of specified chemicals) of air toxics. The HEM only addresses the inhalation pathway of exposure, and is designed to predict risks associated with emitted chemicals in the ambient air (i.e., in the vicinity of an emitting facility but beyond the facility's property boundary). http://www.epa.gov/ttn/fera/human_hem.html

Community Air Screening How-To Manual. EPA's how-to manual for a community partnership committee  includes both non-technical community residents and leaders as well as technical experts. The manual describes a process that utilizes input from a wide variety of community stakeholders. http://www.epa.gov/oppt/cahp/pubs/howto.htm

Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Guidance Manual for Preparation of Health Risk Assessments. California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Guidelines for conducting health risk assessments under the Air Toxics Hot Spots Program (CA Health and Safety Code Section 44360 (b) (2)). http://oehha.ca.gov/air/hot_spots/HRAguidefinal.html

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Arsenic

Safewater: Private Drinking Water Wells. EPA regulates public water systems; it does not have the authority to regulate private drinking water wells. Approximately 15 percent of Americans, as well as a similar percentage of schools, rely on their own private drinking water supplies, and these supplies are not subject to EPA standards, although some state and local governments do set rules to protect users of these wells. http://www.epa.gov/safewater/privatewells/index2.html

Arsenic in Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/safewater/arsenic/index.html

Private Drinking Water Wells. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/safewater/privatewells/index2.html

Toxicity and Exposure Assessment for Children's Health (TEACH), Chemical Summary for Arsenic. EPA. This TEACH Chemical Summary is a compilation of information derived primarily from U.S. EPA and ATSDR resources, and the TEACH Database. The TEACH Database contains summaries of research studies pertaining to developmental exposure and/or health effects for each chemical or chemical group. http://www.epa.gov/teach/chem_summ/Arsenic_summary.pdf

ATSDR ToxFAQs Arsenic. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Fact sheet about frequently asked health questions (FAQs) about arsenic. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts2.html#bookmark05

ASTM D2972 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water. ASTM International. This test method covers the determination of dissolved and total recoverable arsenic in most waters and waste waters in the range from 5 to 250 g/L of arsenic. http://www.astm.org/Standards/D2972.htm

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Asbestos (Also see Natural Hazards)

Asbestos in Schools. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/asbestos/pubs/asbestos_in_schools.html

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Chemicals in Schools

SC3 Tool Kit. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/sc3/toolkit.htm

SC3 Resources. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/sc3/resources.htm

SC3 Workbook. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/sc3/pdfs/workbk.pdf

SC3 Fact Sheet. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/sc3/pdfs/sc3.pdf

SC3's Green Cleaning Fact Sheet. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/partnerships/sc3/pdfs/green-clean.pdf

Pollution Prevention Measures for Safer School Laboratories. EPA and Roche Colorado toolkit. http://www.epa.gov/region8/humanhealth/children/pdf/1PreventiveMeasuresToolKit.pdf

School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide. CPSC and NIOSH.  http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2007-107/pdfs/2007-107.pdf

Chemical Management Resource Guide for School Administrators. http://www.epa.gov/oppt/pubs/chemmgmt/index.html

Guidelines for Apply the School Prohibited and Restricted Chemicals List. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/cp/Institutions/schools/ChemsInSchools/GuideanceSchoolProhibit_RestrictLists.pdf

Division of Environmental Health and Sustainability. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/cp/

State Board of Health Governing Schools: Appendix A and Appendix B. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/regulations/consumer/101006schools.pdf

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Lead

Addressing Lead at Superfund Sites Guidance. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/health/contaminants/lead/guidance.htm

Toxicological Profile for Lead. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2007. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp13.pdf

Memorandum: OSWER Directive: Revised Interim Soil Lead Guidance for CERCLA Sites and RCRA Corrective Action Facilities. EPA.  http://www.epa.gov/superfund/health/contaminants/lead/products/oswerdir.pdf

Residential Lead Hazard Standards - TSCA Section 403. EPA. 2001. http://www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/leadhaz.htm

Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/renovation.htm

Lead in Schools and Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ne/eco/drinkwater/schoolsnh2o.html

3 Ts Program for Lead Testing in Drinking Water in your School. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/schools/guidance.html

Testing Schools and Child Care Facilities for Lead in Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/lead/testing.htm

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Mercury

Mercury. EPA. http://epa.gov/mercury

Mercury Regulations and Standards. EPA. Incorporates number of sources that highlight guidelines regulating mercury. http://www.epa.gov/hg/regs.htm#regs

Mercury in Schools Case Studies. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/mercury/casestudies.htm

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Mold

Mold. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/mold/index.html 

Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/mold/mold_remediation.html

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PCBS (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)

Proper Maintenance, Removal, and Disposal of PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts. EPA. 2011. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/ballasts.htm

PCBs in Building Caulk. EPA. 2009. http://www.epa.gov/pcbsincaulk

Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Site Revitalization Guidance. EPA. 2005. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/pcb-guid3-06.pdf

Guidance on Remedial Actions for Superfund Sites with PCB Contamination. EPA. 1990. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/resources/remedy/pdf/540g-90007-s.pdf

PCB Question and Answer Manual. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/qacombined.pdf

Toxicological Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2000. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp17.html

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Pesticides

Pesticides: Health and Safety, Protecting Children. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/health/children.htm

Spray Drift and Volatilization of Pesticides. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/factsheets/spraydrift.htm

Soil Fumigant Toolbox. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/reregistration/soil_fumigants/

Pesticide Drift. California Department of Pesticide Regulations. http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/dept/comguide/drift_excerpt.pdf

Kern County, CA School Buffer Zone Restrictions for Agricultural Spraying. Effective January 1, 2010. http://www.kernag.com/dept/news/2009/school-buffer-notice-10-29-09.pdf

New Jersey Administrative Code (NJAC), Pesticide Control Regulations. 7:30-10.2(k) states that community or areawide pesticide applications for the control of gypsy moths must not occur during normal student commuting times, as determined by the local school district, within two miles of a school including part or all of grades K through 8 and within two and one-half miles of a school including part or all of grades 9 through 12. NJAC 7:30-10.6(q) restricts aerial applications 300 horizontal feet around any school property when people are on school property. http://www.nj.gov/dep/enforcement/pcp/pcp-regs.htm

Pesticide National Synthesis Report. USGS. http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/pnsp/usage/maps/

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Radon

Radon in Schools. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/radon/pubs/index.html#schools

Map of Radon Zones. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/radon/zonemap.html

Radon. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/radon/index.html

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Vapor Intrustion/VOCs

Brownfields Technology Primer: Vapor Intrusion Considerations for Redevelopment. EPA. http://www.brownfieldstsc.org/pdfs/BTSC%20Vapor%20Intrusion%20Considerations%20for%20Redevelopment%20EPA%20542-R-08-0011.pdf

E2600 - 08 Standard Practice for Assessment of Vapor Intrusion into Structures on Property Involved in Real Estate Transactions. ASTM. http://www.astm.org/Standards/E2600.htm

Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council. Vapor Intrusion guidance documents address investigating and evaluating the vapor intrusion pathway, data evaluation and mitigation. http://www.itrcweb.org/guidancedocument.asp?TID=49

Vapor Intrusion Pathway: A Practical Guideline. January 2007. Provides a generalized framework for evaluating the vapor intrusion pathway and describes the various tools available for investigation, data evaluation and mitigation. http://www.itrcweb.org/Documents/VI-1.pdf

Vapor Intrusion Pathway: Investigative Approaches for Typical Scenarios. A Supplement to VI-1. January 2007. Describes applicable approaches for evaluating the vapor intrusion pathway in six typical scenarios. http://www.itrcweb.org/Documents/VI-1A.pdf

User's Guide for Evaluating Subsurface Vapor Intrusion into Buildings. EPA. December 2004. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/airmodel/pdf/2004_0222_3phase_users_guide.pdf

Guidance for the Evaluation and Mitigation of Subsurface Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air. California Department of Toxic Substances Control. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/assessingrisk/upload/herd_pol_eval_subsurface_vapor_intrusion_interim_final.pdf

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Health


Children's Health

California Air Resources Board Air Quality and Land Use Handbook. (2005). http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/handbook.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH). CDC's DASH promotes the health and well-being of children and adolescents to enable them to become healthy and productive adults. http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/

Children's Health Protection. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/children

Children's Health, Toxicity and Exposure Assessment for Children's Health (TEACH). EPA. http://www.epa.gov/teach/

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). EPA. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm

Children's Health. National Institutes of Environmental Health (NIEHS). http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/population/children/index.cfm

American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.aap.org/

Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU). PEHSUs are a network of experts in children's environmental health that ensure children and communities have access to, often at no cost, special medical knowledge and resources for children faced with a health risk due to a natural or human-made environmental hazard. http://www.aoec.org/PEHSU.htm

National Policy & Legal Analysis Network (NPLAN) to Prevent Childhood Obesity. http://www.nplanonline.org/nplan/schools

National Surveillance for Asthma - United States, 1980-2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, October 19, 2007/ 56(SS08); 1-14; 18-54, http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5608a1.htm

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Health Impact Assessments

Health Impact Assessment. CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/hia.htm

Health Impact Assessment Clearinghouse. UCLA. Information clearinghouse on Health Impact Assessment (HIA) for practitioners, public health, planning and environmental professionals, public officials and community members. http://www.hiaguide.org/

Health Impact Assessment. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/hia/en/

Health Impact Assessment. National Association of City and County Health Officials. NACCHO has compiled a list  of links that pertain to HIA. Some of these websites have a thorough resource database on HIAs with toolkits, research, and proven examples of HIA, while others may contain only a single report on HIA or a bibliography with references to other documents on HIA. http://www.naccho.org/topics/environmental/landuseplanning/HIA.cfm

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Land Use

Agricultureal Growing Areas (See Pesticides)

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Airports

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Noise Exposure Maps (NEMS). The Vision 100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (Public Law 108-176) required FAA to "make noise exposure and land use information from noise exposure maps [prepared under 14 CFR part 150] available to the public via the Internet on its website in an appropriate format. http://www.faa.gov/airports/environmental/airport_noise/noise_exposure_maps/

Airport Noise Compatibility Planning Toolkit. Federal Aviation Administration. http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/apl/noise_emissions/planning_toolkit/

Control of Air Pollution from Aircraft and Aircraft Engines; Emission Standards and Test Procedures. (November 17, 2005). Emission standards for oxides of nitrogen (NOx) for new commercial aircraft engines. These standards are equivalent to the NOx emission standards of the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). http://www.epa.gov/otaq/aviation.htm

School Site Evaluation Criteria. CA Code of Regulations Title 21 Division 2.5 Chapter 2.1. California Department of Transportation, Division of Aeronautics. http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/planning/aeronaut/documents/Regs_School_Site_Eval_Criteria.pdf

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Brownfields (Also see Cleanup Regulations and Processes)

Land Revitalization. EPA's land revitatlizaton program.  http://www.epa.gov/landrevitalization/index.htm

Brownfields. EPA information on brownfields, including links to grant funding, laws, regulations and success stories. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields

Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB). EPA's TAB has funded four centers that communities may call on to better understand the brownfields program, the grant application process as well as the activities needed to assess and cleanup sites. http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/tools/tab_bifold.pdf

ATSDR Brownfield/Land Reuse Site Tool. EPA's tool is a rapid site screening and multiple chemical exposure dose calculating tool that allows users to assess sites by past/future use, institutional controls, sensitive populations, and suspected or confirmed contamination. http://www.epa.gov/region5brownfields/pdf/bf-sitetool-flyer-072109.pdf

California Brownfields Reuse. California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/SiteCleanup/Brownfields/index.cfm

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Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). EPA rules for Animal Feeding Operations. http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/home.cfm?program_id=7

Regulatory Definition of Large, Medium and Small CAFOs. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/sector_table.pdf

The Swine Farm Siting Act. North Carolina, NCGS 106 803(a)(2). Statute requires that swine houses or lagoons holding animal waste shall be located at least 2500 ft from any school, hospital, or church. http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/wq/sfzn/PDFNorthCarolina/PDFNCPollutionStatutesandCode/SwineFarmSitingAct.PDF

Asthma Symptoms Among Adolescents Who Attend Public Schools That Are Located Near Confined Swine Feeding Operations. Mirabelli et al., (2006). Study showed that children living or attending schools within half a mile of a CAFO have increased prevalence of asthma. See Pediatrics. 2006 Jul;118(1):e66-75. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/118/1/e66.pdf

Wyoming Law, Enrolled Act 49, 1997 Wyoming Legislature, also WS 35-11-302. Waste and manure management plans to prevent pollution of waters of the state, to minimize odors for public health concerns, pathogens and vectors capable of transporting infectious diseases and to specify land application requirements; (C) Setback requirements which will restrict the location and operation of structures housing swine and lagoons within: (II) One (1) mile of a public or private school without the consent of the school's board of trustees or board of directors. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/statutes/statutes.aspx?file=titles/Title35/Title35.htm

Madera County (CA) Planning Department Interim Dairy Development Standard. 2005. http://www.madera-county.com/rma/archives/uploads/1129914227_Document_interimdairydevelopmentstandardsapril2005.pdf

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Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS)

Inventory of Formerly Used Defense Sites. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. https://environment.usace.army.mil/what_we_do/fuds/inventory/

Environmental Programs Annual Report to Congress. Department of Defense. Cleanup site locations and activities. http://deparc.xservices.com/deparc/do/home

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Highways and Traffic

Recommended Protocol for Evaluating the Location of Sensitive Land Uses Adjacent to Major Roadways. Version 3. January 2010. Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District. http://www.airquality.org/ceqa/RoadwayProtocol.shtml

California Air Resources Board Air Quality and Land Use Handbook (2005). Reference guide for evaluating and reducing air pollution impacts associated with new projects that go through the land use decision-making process. http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/landuse.htm

South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Air Quality Issues in School Site Selection Guidance Document. June 2005 (revised May 2007). Provides suggested policies that school districts can use to prevent or reduce potential air pollution impacts and protect the health of their students and staff. http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/aqguide/doc/School_Guidance.pdf

Traffic-Related Air Pollution: A Critical Review of the Literature on Emissions, Exposure, and Health Effects; Special Report 17.Health Effects Institute. A Special Report of the Institute's Panel on the Health Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution. This report is the most comprehensive and systematic review to date of the scientific literature on emissions, exposure, and health effects from traffic-related air pollution. It includes conclusions about the populations exposed around major roads, the associations between exposure to air pollution from traffic and human health, and important remaining data gaps. http://pubs.healtheffects.org/view.php?id=334

Sample Resolution: School District Governing Board Determinations and One Quarter Mile/500 Foot Findings for School Site Acquisition. California Department of Education, Education Code, Section 17213 and Public Resources Code Section 21151.8). http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/resolution17213.asp

Mobile Source Air Toxics Rule. EPA. Control of Hazardous Air Pollutants from Mobile Sources; 72 FR 8428, February 26, 2007. Regulatory Impact Analysis Chapter 3, Air Quality and Resulting Health and Welfare Effects of Air Pollution from Mobile Sources. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/toxics/420r07002.pdf

Clean School Bus USA's National Idle-Reduction Campaign. EPA's campaign that recognizes the important role of the school bus drivers for the safety and security of children. http://www.epa.gov/cleanschoolbus/antiidling.htm

2007 Highway Diesel Rule. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/highway-diesel/index.htm

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Linking Air Quality and Human Health. EPA fact sheet on near-road research. http://epa.gov/airscience/pdf/ca-factsheet-roads.pdf

Near-road Pollutant Gradients and Factors Affecting Concentrations. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/AMD/peer/handbook/J_Chapter_8.pdf

Motor Vehicle Emissions Simulator (MOVES). EPA's emission modeling system estimates emissions for mobile sources covering a broad range of pollutants and allow multiple scale analysis. MOVES currently estimates emissions from cars, trucks and motorcycles. http://www.epa.gov/oms/models/moves/index.htm

Transportation Conformity Guidance for Qualitative Hot-spot Analyses in PM2.5 and PM10 Non-attainment and Maintenance Areas. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oms/stateresources/transconf/policy/420b06902.pdf

Role of Vegetation in Mitigating Air Quality Impacts from Traffic Emissions. EPA. Proceedings of an April 27-28, 2010 workshop brought together representatives from government agencies, academia, state and local agencies, and environmental advocacy groups with expertise in air quality, urban forestry, and policy to review the current science and identify future activities in evaluating the potential role of vegetation in mitigating near-road air pollutant concentrations. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/appcd/nearroadway/workshop.html

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Industrial Processes

Toxics Release Inventory. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/tri/

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), State Emergency Response Commissions. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/epcra/serc_contacts.htm

Cameo/MARPLOT: Suite of four separate, integrated software applications. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/cameo/what.htm

Toxicity and Exposure Assessment for Children's Health, Chemical Summary for Trichloroethylene. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/teach/chem_summ/TCE_summary.pdf

California Air Resources Board Air Quality and Land Use Handbook. 2005. http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/landuse.htm

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Design for the Environment (DfE) Automotive Refinishing Partnership. EPA's DfE program works in partnership with the auto refinishing (collision repair) industry and career/technical schools to encourage best practices and cost-effective technologies that reduce air toxics in the workplace and surrounding community. http://www.epa.gov/dfe/pubs/projects/auto/

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Landfills and Superfund Sites (Also see Cleanup Regulations and Processes)

Rhode Island School Construction Regulations, Sec. 1.05-2(4). http://www.ride.ri.gov/finance/funding/construction/Documents/FY08%20Housing%20Aid/Prior%20to%20May%2031%20Updates/School_Constr_Regs_FINAL.pdf

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

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Maps and Mapping

MyEnvironment. EPA's MyEnvironment search application provides environmental information based on the user's location. http://www.epa.gov/myenvironment/

Cleanups in My Community. EPA. http://iaspub.epa.gov/Cleanups/

Cleanup Sites Map Service. Terradex Inc. Working prototype of an environmental cleanup site finder which reads state and federal cleanup site data stores, and distills those sites with land use restrictions. http://support.csms.terradex.com/default.aspx?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1

Community Environmental Health. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/communityhealth/

AirExplorer. EPA's Air Explorer is a collection of user-friendly visualization tools for air quality analysts that generate maps, graphs, and data tables dynamically. Currently, the tools access ambient criteria pollutant concentration data from EPA's Air Quality System (AQS) Data Mart. http://www.epa.gov/airexplorer/

AirData. EPA. AirData provides access to air pollution data for the entire United States. AirData produces reports and maps of air pollution data based on criteria that you specify. http://www.epa.gov/air/data/

Non-Attainment Area Maps. Criteria Air Pollutants. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/air/data/nonat.html?us~USA~United%20States

Envirofacts. EPA's Envirofacts is a single point of access to select EPA environmental data providing information about environmental activities that may affect air, water and land anywhere in the United States. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/

EPA Map of Radon Zones. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/radon/zonemap.html

Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds, Data and Mapping Homepage. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/owow/data.html

Department of Defense Cleanup site locations and activities. U.S. Department of Defense. http://deparc.xservices.com/deparc/do/home

Maps for Renewable Energy Generation. EPA and U.S. Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Maps for Energy Generation (Solar, Wind, etc.) http://www.epa.gov/renewableenergyland/maps_incentives.htm

Pesticide National Synthesis Report. USGS. http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/pnsp/usage/maps/

Mapcruzin. Free and open source GIS software applications, geography maps, geospatial data and shapefiles, tutorials and resources for students, cartographers, geographers, GIS professionals, neogeographers and neocartographers. http://www.mapcruzin.com/

MapEcos. MapEcos is a map of United States facilities with information on pollution and improvement efforts. http://mapecos.org/map

School Attendance Boundary Information System. William and Mary University. The SABINS data infrastructure project is the first comprehensive effort to assemble, unify and disseminate digital GIS data of elementary, middle and high school catchment areas contained within school districts throughout the country. http://www.wm.edu/as/sabins/

Surf Your Watershed. EPA. http://cfpub.epa.gov/surf/locate/index.cfm

TRI Tools. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/tri/tritools/

Google Earth. http://earth.google.com/

Microsoft Virtual Earth. http://www.microsoft.com/maps/

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Mining/Mine Tailings

Minerals Information. USGS. http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/

Surface Mining. U.S. Department of the Interior. http://www.osmre.gov/

Abandoned Mine Lands. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.  http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/prog/more/Abandoned_Mine_Lands.html

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Pipelines

Guidance Protocol, School Site Pipeline Risk. California Department of Education. http://www.cde.ca.gov/LS/fa/sf/protocol07.asp

Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration (PHMSA). U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/

Pipelines and Informed Planning Alliance. Pipeline and Hazardous Materiasl Safety Administration initiated and is supporting a collaborative effort by land use planning and pipeline safety stakeholders to consider and develop recommended practices related to protecting communities, protecting transmission pipelines, and communicating among stakeholders. http://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/PIPA.htm?nocache=2916=2916

We are All Safer. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). 1998. Contains recommendations for improving safety across all modes of transportation. Report Number SR-98 -01. http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/reports/1998/sr9801.pdf

Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) and Oil pipelines and Terminals. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. http://www.ferc.gov/industries/industries.asp

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

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Ports

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Clean Ports USA Program. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/cleandiesel/ports/index.htm

Health Assessment Document for Diesel Engine Exhaust. EPA. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=29060

Control of Emissions of Air Pollution from Locomotives and Marine Compression-Ignition Engines Less Than 30 Liters per Cylinder. May 6, 2008. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/marine.htm

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Rail Yards and Rail Lines

California School Facilities Construction Standards. Title 5, California Code of Regulations. Standards for Site Selection, Section 14010. http://www.cde.ca.gov/LS/fa/sf/title5regs.asp

California School Facilities Construction Standards. Title 5, California Code of Regulations. Standards for School Facilities Construction. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/title5regs.asp

Railyards Health Risk Assessment and Mitigation Measures. California Air Resources Board (CARB). http://www.arb.ca.gov/railyard/hra/hra.htm

Safe Kids. http://www.usa.safekids.org/rail/

Hazardous Substances Released During Rail Transit - 18 States, 2002-2007. Centers for Disease Control. MMWR June 8, 2007 / 56(22); 553-556 http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5622a2.htm

Public Health Consequences from Hazardous Substances Acutely Released During Rail Transit --- South Carolina. Centers for Disease Control. 2005. Selected States, 1999-2004 MMWR January 28, 2005 / 54(03); 64-67 http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5403a2.htm

Control of Emissions of Air Pollution from Locomotives and Marine Compression-Ignition Engines Less Than 30 Liters per Cylinder. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/locomotives.htm (May 6, 2008)

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

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Roads (See Highways and Traffic, Air Pollution)

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Planning

Community Planning

An Appraisal Guide for Older and Historic School Facilities. Council of Educational Facility Planners International. 2005. http://www.cefpi.org/i4a/ams/amsstore/category.cfm?category_id=9

Barriers to Children Walking To and From School: United States. 2004. Martin S and Carlson S. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294(17): 2160?2162, 2005. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5438a2.htm

Creating Connections: The CEFPI Guide for Educational Facility Planning. Council of Education Facility Planners International. 2004. http://www.cefpi.org/i4a/ams/amsstore/category.cfm?product_id=90

Enterprise Schools and Communities. The Enterprise Community Partners, Inc. http://www.enterprisecommunity.org/resources/schools_and_communities/default.asp

Getting Started Locally. Safe Routes to School National Partnership. Guidance for creating and sustaining a Safe Routes to School program that gets more kids walking and bicycling to and from schools. http://www.saferoutespartnership.org/local/4191

Growth and Disparity: A Decade of U.S. Public School Construction 1995-2004. Building Educational Success Together (BEST). 2006. http://www.21csf.org/csf-home/publications/BEST-Growth-Disparity-2006.pdf

Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom. Beulah, MI.: Michigan Land Use Institute, 2004. Noreen C. McDonald. Active transportation to school - trends among US schoolchildren, 1969-2001. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32(6):509-16. http://mlui.org/downloads/hardlessons.pdf

Healthy People 2010, Volume II (second edition), Objective 22, Health and Fitness. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sport, 2001. This document provides empirical data linking school siting to increased proportions of trips made by walking by school aged children. http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/HTML/Volume2/22Physical.htm

Helping Johnny Walk to School. National Trust for Historic Preservation. http://www.preservationnation.org/issues/historic-schools/helping-johnny-walk-to-school/

How Do They Get There? A Spatial Analysis of a "Sprawl School" in Oregon. Schlossberg, Marc; Phillips, Page; Johnson, Bethany; Parker, Bob <ISBN>Planning, Practice and Research; v20 n2 , p147-162 ; May 2005. http://www.uoregon.edu/~schlossb/articles/schlossberg_sprawl_school_ppr.pdf

Integrating Schools Into Healthy Community Design. National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/cms/home/nga-center-for-best-practices/center-publications/page-eet-publications/col2-content/main-content-list/integrating-schools-into-healthy.html

Kids Walk-to-School. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008. Information on state public health outreach and the promotion of walking and biking to school. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk/resources.htm

Kids Walk-to-School: Then and Now-Barrier and Solutions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk/then_and_now.htm

LEED for Neighborhood Development. The LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System integrates the principles of smart growth, urbanism and green building into the first national system for neighborhood design. http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=148

Local Governments and Schools: A Community-Oriented Approach. International City/County Management Association. 2008. Provides local government managers with information about the connections between school facility planning and local government management issues, with emphasis on avoiding the creation of large schools remotely sited from their communities. Offers strategies for local governments and schools to bring respective planning efforts together for a community-oriented approach to schools while reaching multiple goals: educational, environmental, economic, social and fiscal. Eight case studies illustrate how communities across the United States have succeeded to create community-oriented schools. http://icma.org/documents/SGNReport.pdf

National Clearinghouse for Education Facilities Site Selection for Schools Resource List. http://www.edfacilities.org/rl/site_selection.cfm

National Center for Safe Routes to School. Promotes children walking and biking to school by assisting communities and providing tools and resources to develop successful Safe Routes to School strategies. http://www.saferoutesinfo.org/

National Policy & Legal Analysis Network to Prevent Childhood Obesity. Joint use agreement materials, model agreements, review of state laws, etc. http://www.nplanonline.org/nplan/focus/schools  

Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook: Incorporating Pedestrians into Washington's Transportation System. Washington State Department of Transportation, September 1997. ftp://ftp.wsdot.wa.gov/dotshare/LocalPrograms/Walk/PedFacilityGB.pdf

Policies that Work: Educational Governors' Institute on Community Design. February 2009. Details the value and benefits of making a school the center of a community. http://www.govinstitute.org/policyguide/Education/

Public Engagement and School Facilities. Knowledgeworks Foundation, Cincinnati, OH, 2004. Assists community groups engage the public on issues concerning school facilities. Meeting guidelines help organize the phases of the discussion, provide questions, and assist the facilitating of open, inclusive and fair dialogue. Worksheets help organize the results of the meetings. Steps for organizing the meeting are detailed, including recruitment of leaders and participants, troubleshooting problematic situations, siting the meeting, and setting up the room. 28p. TO ORDER: Harwood Online, 4915 St. Elmo Ave Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814; Tel: 301-656-3669. http://www.theharwoodinstitute.org/index.php

Public Health in Land Use Planning and Community Design. National Association of County and City Health Officials. http://professional.captus.com/Planning/hia/pdf/NACCHO%20screening%20checklist_Mod%204.pdf

Renovate or Replace? The Case for Restoring and Reusing Older School Buildings. Save Our Land, Save Our Town, 2006. http://www.solsot.org/renovate.html  

Safe Routes to School: Practice and Promise. U.S. Department of Transportation. Provides guidance on successfully implementing a Safe Routes to Schools program and achieving sustainable success. www.nhtsa.dot.gov/People/Injury/Pedbimot/Bike/Safe-Routes-2004/Index.html

Safe Routes To School. U.S. Department of Transportation. http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/saferoutes/

Safe Routes to School National Partnership. http://www.saferoutespartnership.org/state/5638/5652

School Attendance Boundary Information System. William and Mary University. The SABINS data infrastructure project is the first comprehensive effort to assemble, unify and disseminate digital GIS data of elementary, middle and high school catchment areas contained within school districts throughout the country. http://www.wm.edu/as/sabins/

Schools for Successful Communities: An Element of Smart Growth.  EPA and Council of Educational Facility Planners International, 2004. Explores the relationship between smart growth principles and community-centered schools. http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-02/documents/smartgrowth_schools_pub.pdf

School Modernization. U.S. Department of Education. 2009. http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/leg/recovery/modernization/index.html

School Transportation Modes-Georgia 2000. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2002. Examines the relationship between school proximity and transportation habits among school-aged children in Georgia. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5132a2.htm

Smart Growth and Neighborhood Conservation Smart Growth Areas. Maryland Senate Bill, 1997. Maryland Senate Bill 389 provides legislative guidance to preserve existing neighborhoods as well as to maintain agricultural, natural, and rural resources. http://mlis.state.md.us/1997rs/billfile/SB0389.htm

Smart Growth and Schools. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/schools.htm

State Policies and School Facilities. C Beaumont National Trust for Historic Preservation. 2003. http://www.preservationnation.org/issues/historic-schools/additional-resources/schools_state_policies.pdf

Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting. EPA. 2003. Evaluates the relationship between school location, travel choices and the environment. http://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/school_travel.htm

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Emergency Planning and Response

Primer to Design Safe School Projects in Case of Terrorist Attacks. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). December 2003. http://www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/rms/rmsp428

Educational Facilities Disaster and Crisis Management Guidebook. Florida Department of Education. 2007. http://www.ncef.org/pubs/edfacilities-disaster-management-guidebook-2007.pdf

Earthquakes and Schools. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. http://www.ncef.org/pubs/earthquakes.pdf

Emergency Planning. U.S. Department of Education. http://www.ed.gov/admins/lead/safety/emergencyplan/index.html

Emergency Management. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/er_cleanup.htm

Vulnerability Zones. Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA). EPA. http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/vzis.htm

State Emergency Response Commissions. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/epcra/serc_contacts.htm

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) Local Emergency Planning Requirements. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oem/content/epcra/epcra_plan.htm#SERC

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Green/High Performance/Sustainable Schools

ENERGY STAR for Schools. http://www.energystar.gov/K-12

Design to Earn the ENERGY STAR. http://www.energystar.gov/newbuildingdesign

Greening America's Schools Costs and Benefits. Gregory Kats, 2006. This report documents the financial, environmental, and additional benefits of using green technologies in school construction. http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=2908

Collaborative for High Performance Schools. Overview on the Collaborative for High Performance Schools program including free resources supporting the design, construction, maintenance and operations of high performance schools. http://chps.net

Build Green Schools. U.S. Green Building Council. Information on local, state, and federal green schools initiatives and LEED for Schools guidelines. www.buildgreenschools.org/

Green Schools. Global Green, USA. http://www.globalgreen.org/greenurbanism/schools/

Indoor Air Quality Design Tools for Schools (DTfS). EPA. 2008. Guidance and information to help the design of new schools as well as the repair, renovation and maintenance of existing facilities. http://www.epa.gov/iaq/schooldesign/

Sustainable Sites Initiative Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks. Draft 2008. http://www.sustainablesites.org/report

Green Building. EPA. Green building resources.  Search EPA's Archive at https://archive.epa.gov/.

NY-CHPS High Performance Schools Guidelines. http://neep.org/uploads/NEEPResources/id24/NY-CHPS-20September2007.pdf

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Renovation/Existing Building Resources

Wastes - Resource Conservation - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle - Construction and Demolition Materials. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/rrr/imr/cdm/index.htm

Green Building.  EPA . Green building resources. Search EPA's Archive at https://archive.epa.gov.  

Community-Centered Schools. National Trust for Historic Preservation. http://www.preservationnation.org/issues/historic-schools/

Addressing Lead at Superfund Sites Guidance. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/health/contaminants/lead/guidance.htm

Toxicological Profile for Lead. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2007. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp13.pdf

Memorandum: OSWER Directive: Revised Interim Soil Lead Guidance for CERCLA Sites and RCRA Corrective Action Facilities. EPA.  http://www.epa.gov/superfund/health/contaminants/lead/products/oswerdir.pdf

Residential Lead Hazard Standards - TSCA Section 403. EPA. 2001. http://www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/leadhaz.htm

Lead Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule.  EPA.http://www.epa.gov/lead/pubs/renovation.htm

Lead in Schools and Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ne/eco/drinkwater/schoolsnh2o.html

3 Ts Program for Lead Testing in Drinking Water in your School. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/schools/guidance.html

Testing Schools and Child Care Facilities for Lead in Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/lead/testing.htm

Asbestos in Schools. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/asbestos/pubs/asbestos_in_schools.html

Proper Maintenance, Removal, and Disposal of PCB-Containing Fluorescent Light Ballasts. EPA. 2011. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/ballasts.htm

PCBs in Building Caulk. EPA. 2009. http://www.epa.gov/pcbsincaulk

Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Site Revitalization Guidance. EPA. 2005. http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/pcb-guid3-06.pdf

Guidance on Remedial Actions for Superfund Sites with PCB Contamination. EPA. 1990. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/resources/remedy/pdf/540g-90007-s.pdf

PCB Question and Answer Manual. EPA.http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/tsd/pcbs/pubs/qacombined.pdf

Toxicological Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 2000.http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp17.html

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Select Studies on School Segregation

National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP) - Resources for Achieving Healthy, Equitable, Walkable Schools. http://www.preservationnation.org/issues/historic-schools/additional-resources/school_study_roadmap.pdf

Public Health Law & Policy, Policy Package - Model School Siting Policies for School Districts. 2011. http://www.nplanonline.org/nplan/healthy-school-siting

Achieving Educational Excellence for All: A Guide to Diversity-Related Policy Strategies for School Districts. Joint report by the National Schools Boards Association, the College Board, and Education Counsel. http://www.nsba.org/EducationExcellenceForAll

Sharp M. Local Governments and Schools: A Community-Oriented Approach. International City/County Management Association, 2008. http://icma.org/en/icma/knowledge_network/documents/kn/Document/5753/Local_Governments_and_Schools_A_
CommunityOriented_Approach

Historic Reversals, Accelerating Resegregation, and the Need for New Integration Strategies. http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/historic-reversals-accelerating-resegregation-and-the-need-for-new-integration-strategies-1/

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States

Active Living Research. http://www.activelivingresearch.org/node/9888

Safe Routes to School Partnership. http://www.saferoutespartnership.org/state/5638/5652

Smart Growth America. http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/policy-work/smart-growth-at-the-state-and-local-level/education/help-communities-coordinate-school-siting-and-land-use-planning/

South Coast Air Quality Management's Guidance on Air Quality Issues in School Site Selection: http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/aqguide/doc/School_Guidance.pdf

State Agency Waste Management Program Links. Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO). Easy access to the waste management websites for each of the 50 states, by topic. http://www.astswmo.org/Pages/Resources/State_Agency_Links.htm

State Laws and rRgulations. http://www.envcap.org/statetools/

50 State Survey of School Siting Policies. Rhode Island Legal Services. Childproofing Our Communities. Center for Health, Environment, and Justice. http://www.childproofing.org/school_siting_50_state.htm

Alabama
Alabama Environmental Regulations and Laws. http://www.adem.state.al.us/alEnviroReglaws/default.cnt

Alaska
Completing Environmental Review in Alaska. http://www.hud.gov/local/shared/working/r10/environment/alaska.cfm?state=ak#ej

Arizona
Title 18. Environmental Quality. http://www.azsos.gov/public_services/title_18/18-05.htm

California
California School Site Selection And Approval Guide. California Department of Education. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/schoolsiteguide.asp
Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf
Reference California ARB's Landuse Handbook. http://www.arb.ca.gov/ch/handbook.pdf
California Department of Education's School Site Selection Guide. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/schoolsiteguide.asp
LAUSD School Siting Distance Criteria. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Colorado
Colorado Department of Public Health Office of Environmental Integration & Sustainability. http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/oeis/selfaudit/audithom.html

Florida
Division of Housing and Community Development. http://www.dca.state.fl.us/fhcd/cdbg/Environmental.cfm

Illinois
State and Local Government Roles in Review New Facilities. http://www.epa.state.il.us/citizens/state-local-government.html

Louisiana
Section 9 Environmental Review. http://www.doa.louisiana.gov/cdbg/dr/manual/ver3/Section9-Ver3.0.pdf

Massachusetts
310 CMR 70.00: Environmental Results Program Certification. http://www.mass.gov/dep/service/regulations/310cmr70.pdf

Michigan
Michigan Department of Natural Resources Environmental Review. http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607,7-153-10370_12141_12168-30516--,00.html

Nevada
Chapter 278- Planning and Zoning. http://www.leg.state.nv.us/nrs/NRS-278.html

New Hampshire
Environmental Management Systems Program Overview. http://des.nh.gov/organization/commissioner/p2au/pis/emsp/categories/overview.htm

New Jersey
New Jersey School Development Authority Real Estate Practices Manual. http://www.njsda.gov/business/Doc_Form/PDFsForms/RE_Manual.pdf
New Jersey School Development Authority 21st Century Design Manual. http://www.njsda.gov/business/Doc_Form/PDFsForms/DM.pdf
New Jersey Environmental Guidance for Licensing of Proposed Childcare Centers. http://www.nj.gov/dep/dccrequest/nfa.htm
N.J.A.C. 7:26E Technical Requirements for Site Remediation (Tech Rule). http://www.nj.gov/dep/srp/regs/techrule/
New Schools, New Sites-in Older Cities: School Siting Practices in New Jersey. Robert Hersh. Center for Public Environmental Oversight (CPEO). Worcester Polytechnic Institute. http://www.cpeo.org/pubs/NJSchools.pdf

New Mexico
New Mexico Construction Programs Bureau State Environmental Review Process. http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/cpb/cpbtop.html#SERP

North Carolina
Good Schools, Good Neighborhoods: The Impacts of State and Local School Board Policies on the Design and Location of Schools in North Carolina. http://curs.unc.edu/curs-pdf-downloads/recentlyreleased/goodschoolsreport.pdf

Oregon
Planning for Schools and Livable Communities: The Oregon School Siting Handbook. http://www.oregon.gov/LCD/TGM/docs/schoolsitinghandbook.pdf

Rhode Island
Rhode Island Division of Planning and Department. http://www.dem.ri.gov/programs/bpoladm/plandev/index.htm
Rhode Island School Construction Regulations, Sec. 1.05-2(4). http://www.ride.ri.gov/finance/funding/construction/Documents/FY08%20Housing%20Aid/Prior%20to%20May%2031%20Updates/School_Constr_Regs_FINAL.pdf

Texas
Environmental Clearance Process Documents and Forms. http://www.tdhca.state.tx.us/program-services/environmental/docs.htm

Utah
Utah Housing & Community Development Environmental Review. http://housing.utah.gov/environmentalreview/index.html

Vermont
Vermont Department of Housing & Community Affairs Statutes and Rules. http://www.dhca.state.vt.us/Planning/StatutesAndRules.htm

Wyoming
Wyoming Law, Enrolled Act 49, 1997 Wyoming Legislature, also WS 35-11-302. Waste and manure management plans to prevent pollution of waters of the state, to minimize odors for public health concerns, pathogens and vectors capable of transporting infectious diseases and to specify land application requirements; (C) Setback requirements which will restrict the location and operation of structures housing swine and lagoons within: (II) One (1) mile of a public or private school without the consent of the school's board of trustees or board of directors. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/statutes/statutes.aspx?file=titles/Title35/Title35.htm

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Tribes

Federal Environmental Laws and Regulations for Tribal Programs. EPA. https://www.epa.gov/tribal/

Solid Waste and Emergency Response Tribal Programs. EPA information about improving outreach, consultation and communication with tribes by providing relevant information about our programs and current efforts. https://www.epa.gov/tribal-lands

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Storage Tanks


Above Ground Storage Tanks

Oil Spills. EPA. ttp://www.epa.gov/oilspill/spcc.htm

Aboveground Oil Tanks regulated under the Oil Pollution Prevention section of the Clean Water Act. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/osweroe1/content/lawsregs/opprover.htm

Heating Oil Tanks. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/oust/faqs/heatoil.htm

Home Heating Oil Tanks. InspectAPedia.com. Online encyclopedia of building & environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, & problem prevention advice - illustrated, detailed, in-depth research on finding, diagnosing, testing, correcting, & preventing building defects, energy conservation, & indoor environmental hazards. http://www.inspectapedia.com/oiltanks/tanks.htm

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Underground Storage Tanks

Underground Storage Tanks. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/OUST/index.htm

NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools--Underground Storage Tanks. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-101/chklists/n63ust~1.htm

Home Heating Oil Tanks. InspectAPedia.com. Online encyclopedia of building and environmental inspection, testing, diagnosis, repair, and problem prevention advice - illustrated, detailed, in-depth research on finding, diagnosing, testing, correcting, and preventing building defects, energy conservation, and indoor environmental hazards. http://www.inspectapedia.com/oiltanks/tanks.htm

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Training

Toxicology Related to Children's Health 

Toxicity and Exposure Assessment for Children's Health. EPA.  http://www.epa.gov/teach

Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. California. http://www.oehha.ca.gov/public_info/TDKids.html

U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK45480/

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Comprehensive Environmental Review

Environmental Review Requirements. Housing and Urban Development.  http://www.frbsf.org/community/resources/mortgage_approval_process/pdf/Andrea_Dunyon_ERR.pdf

U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration. http://environment.fhwa.dot.gov/integ/resources_training.asp

Environmental Review Training. http://environmentalreviewfw2011.eventbrite.com/

Comprehensive Environmental Review Process. Illinois. http://dnr.state.il.us/orep/docs/CERPmanual.pdf

Comprehensive Environmental Assessment and U.S. EPA Nanomaterial Case Studies. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=194803

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Environmental Assessments 

Environmental Impact Assessment Training Resource Manual. United Nations Environment Programme. http://www.iaia.org/publicdocuments/EIA/ManualContents/Intro_manual.PDF

Update on Phase I Environmental Site Assessment for School Sites; All Appropriate Inquiries. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/Schools/upload/Environmental_Site_Assessment_FS_10-03-06.pdf

U.S. Green Building Council Schools. http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1586

Urban Environmental Management. http://www.gdrc.org/uem/iso14001/info-25.html

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Environmental Site Assessment

Environmental Site Assessment Guidance. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/policy/dorders/esaguidance.pdf

Department of Toxic Substances Control Environmental Site Assessment Advisory. California. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/Schools/upload/SMP_REP_Schools_Phase1Advisory.pdf

Environmental Site Assessments. http://www.spillcleanup.com/Environmental%20Site%20Assessments.htm

ASTM International. http://www.astm.org/TRAIN/filtrexx40.cgi?-P+ID+47+/usr6/htdocs/astm.org/TRAIN/traindetail.frm

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Local Air and Water Quality

South Coast Air Quality Management District. http://www.aqmd.gov/prdas/aqguide/doc/School_Guidance.pdf

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Water


Drinking Water

Lead in Schools and Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ne/eco/drinkwater/schoolsnh2o.html

3 Ts Program for Lead Testing in Drinking Water in your School. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/schools/guidance.html

Testing Schools and Child Care Facilities for Lead in Drinking Water. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw000/lead/testing.htm

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Watersheds and Wastewater

Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds, Data and Mapping. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/owow/data.html

Pesticide National Synthesis Report. USGS. http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/pnsp/usage/maps/

Supplemental Risk Management Program Guidance for Wastewater Treatment Plants. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/OEM/docs/chem/Appendix-F1.pdf

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Additional Resources


All Appropriate Inquiry Standard

All Appropriate Inquiries Standard 40 CFR Part 312. National Archives and Records Administration. http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40cfr312_main_02.tpl

All Appropriate Inquiries Rule: Definition of Environmental Professional. EPA. Defines an environmental professional and the relevant certification and license requirements for individuals conducting all appropriate inquiries under the rule. http://epa.gov/brownfields/aai/ep_deffactsheet.pdf

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Cellular Phone Towers (See Electromagnetic Fields)

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Electromagnetic Fields

A Local Government Official's Guide to Transmitting Antenna RF Emission Safety: Rules, Procedures, and Practical Guidance. Federal Communication Commission (FCC). June 2000. http://wireless.fcc.gov/siting/FCC_LSGAC_RF_Guide.pdf

Policy on Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Federal Communication Commission.  http://www.fcc.gov/oet/rfsafety/

National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissions (NARUC). http://www.naruc.org

California School Facilities Construction Standards. Title 5, California Code of Regulations. Standards for Site Selection,Section 14010. http://www.cde.ca.gov/LS/fa/sf/title5regs.asp

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised 12/10/2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Power Line Setback Exemption Guidance (2006). California Department of Education. http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/fa/sf/powerlinesetback.asp

Electric and Magnetic Fields. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. After reviewing more than two decades of research in this area, NIEHS scientists have concluded that the overall pattern of results suggests a weak association between increasing exposure to EMFs and an increased risk of childhood leukemia. http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/emf/

Electric and Magnetic Fields. California Department. of Health Services. http://www.ehib.org/cma/topic.jsp?topic_key=7

Siting Council Best Management Practices. Connecticut. http://www.ct.gov/csc/lib/csc/emf_bmp/emf_bmp_12-14-07.doc

Electromagnetic Fields. World Health Organization http://www.who.int/peh-emf/en/

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Natural Hazards (Also see Radon)

Natural Hazards. USGS. http://www.usgs.gov/hazards/

Distance Criteria for School Siting. Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Revised December 10, 2008. http://www.lausd-oehs.org/docs/Misc/DistanceCriteriaTable%20Rev12_10_08.pdf

Building Science Resources. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). http://www.fema.gov/rebuild/buildingscience/index.shtm

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Naturally Occurring Asbestos (NOA)

Naturally Occurring Asbestos. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/asbestos/pubs/clean.html

Naturally Occurring Asbestos: Approaches for Reducing Exposure. EPA. Describes existing work practices and engineering and institutional controls that have been implemented at the state or local level to reduce exposures to NOA. Serves as a practical starting point for state and local government leaders addressing NOA issues in their localities. http://www.epa.gov/superfund/health/contaminants/asbestos/pdfs/noa_factsheet.pdf

Reported Historic Asbestos Mines, Historic Asbestos Prospects, and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in the Eastern United States. USGS. July 1, 2005. Contains a regional map and an associated database that includes 324 locations where naturally occurring asbestos has been historically identified in the Eastern United States. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1189/ Read the news release .

Naturally Occurring Asbestos in California. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/region09/toxic/noa/

El Dorado Hills NOA Report. May 2005. Report of a comprehensive investigation to assess the potential for exposure from naturally occurring asbestos in El Dorado County, California. http://www.epa.gov/region09/toxic/noa/eldorado/index.html

Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Plan Template, Naturally Occurring Asbestos Response Actions at Schools. DTSC. California 2005. http://www.dtsc.ca.gov/Schools/upload/NOA_OM_Plan_Template_101105.pdf

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Noise

Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations. J. Evans, C. Himmel. JEAcoustics. November 2009. http://www.jeacoustics.com/library/pdf/ICEBO-09_JEA_Acoustics_18Nov09.pdf

Classroom Acoustics Resource List. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. http://www.edfacilities.org/rl/acoustics.cfm

Noise Pollution. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/air/noise.html

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Power Lines (See Electromagnetic Fields)

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Student Performance

Greening America's Schools Costs and Benefits. Gregory Kats, 2006. This report documents the financial, environmental and additional benefits of using green technologies in school construction. http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=2908

LAUSD School Facilities and Academic Performance. J. Buckley, M. Schneider, and Y. Shang. Department of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation, Boston College. This report studies the relationship between the extent to which schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) comply with health and safety regulations and academic performance, as measured by California's API. http://www.edfacilities.org/pubs/LAUSD%20Report.pdf

Indoor Air Quality and Student Performance. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/iaq/schools/student_performance/index.html

Green Schools: Attributes for Health and Learning. Committee to Review and Assess the Health and Productivity Benefits of Green Schools, National Research Council, 2006. http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11756

Do Indoor Pollutants and Thermal Conditions in Schools Influence Student Performance? A Critical Review of the Literature. M. J. Mendell and G. A. Heath, Indoor Air 2005; 15: 27;52. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118657753/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

Association between School Based Physical Activity, including Physical Education and Academic Performance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/health_and_academics/pdf/pa-pe_paper.pdf

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