Reports From Greening America's Capitals Projects
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- Lessons From Greening America's Capitals Projects
- Reports From Communities Selected in 2014
- Reports From Communities Selected in 2013
- Reports From Communities Selected in 2012
- Reports From Communities Selected in 2011
- Reports From Communities Selected in 2010
EPA's Greening America's Capitals Program helped state capital cities develop an implementable vision of environmentally friendly neighborhoods that incorporate innovative green infrastructure and other sustainable design strategies. EPA provided design assistance to help support sustainable communities that protect the environment, economy, and public health and to inspire state leaders to expand this work elsewhere. The program is now known as Greening America's Communities and is offered to a wider group of cities and towns.
Under the former Greening America's Capitals Program, EPA helped 23 capital cities and the District of Columbia with sustainable design strategies. EPA funded a team of designers to produce schematic designs to catalyze or complement a larger planning process for the pilot neighborhood. The design team and EPA, along with partners from other federal agencies, also helped city staff develop specific implementation strategies. The reports from these projects are listed below.
Lessons From Greening America's Capitals Projects
The cities that requested assistance through the Greening America's Capitals Program are trying to be greener. They are not alone—communities across the country, large and small, are trying to do the same. This pamphlet describes five lessons from the first two rounds of projects that can help other communities incorporate green design strategies into their planning and development. As these projects demonstrate, environmentally sustainable design can create and enhance distinctive neighborhoods with social, economic, and environmental benefits.
- Read Lessons From Greening America's Capitals Projects: Five Helpful Hints for Communities Wanting to Be Greener
Reports From Communities Selected in 2014
Read Greening America's Capitals: Protecting Water, Boosting Resiliency, Strengthening Economies, a September 23, 2014, blog post by Joel Beauvais, then-Associate Administrator for EPA's Office of Policy, about the projects selected in 2014.
Austin received assistance to help visualize great public open spaces, green infrastructure improvements, and safer spaces for people to walk and bike in the South Central Waterfront area. The report illustrates design options to improve pedestrian and bike connections to Lady Bird Lake and incorporate green infrastructure elements to reduce runoff and localized flooding, improve water quality, and increase shade.
Carson City, Nevada
Carson City will receive assistance to improve William Street, which connects the city's downtown with a freeway. The project will help the city explore ways to make William Street more welcoming to pedestrians and bicyclists and enhance the neighborhood's economic vitality. Design options will also explore how to incorporate green infrastructure using native plants appropriate for the arid climate.
Columbus received assistance to incorporate green infrastructure elements, parks, and open space into the Milo-Grogan neighborhood. The report illustrates design options that use green infrastructure to improve water quality and reduce flooding risks, increase neighborhood park space, and encourage walking and biking within the neighborhood and to adjacent neighborhoods.
Pierre, South Dakota
Pierre received assistance to create a cohesive vision of green and complete streets and public spaces for the city's Governors' Trail, which connects the state capitol building to the Missouri River. The report illustrates design options to create a more pleasant walking experience by adding more shade along the street and incorporating public art.
Richmond received assistance to improve a segment of Jefferson Avenue, which links the neighborhoods of Church Hill and Union Hill, serving as the gateway to some of Richmond's oldest neighborhoods. The project developed design options for a more pedestrian- and bicycle-friendly street, with more parks and open spaces that incorporate green infrastructure to better manage stormwater runoff.
- Report: Greening America's Capitals: Richmond, VA
- Read or listen to a July 2, 2015, report from National Public Radio station WCVE, "A Vision in Richmond: Sustainability With Style." Exit
Reports From Communities Selected in 2013
Read State Capitals Go Green, a January 9, 2014, blog post by Joel Beauvais, then-Associate Administrator for EPA's Office of Policy, about the projects selected in 2013.
Lansing received assistance to develop options for transforming a 10-acre parking lot between the state capitol and Hall of Justice into a public park that incorporates green infrastructure to reduce flooding and water pollution and spurs investment in nearby vacant and neglected property. Options for adjacent streets would calm traffic and improve walkability and transportation options for residents, visitors, and workers.
Madison received assistance to create design options that would make it easier for people of all abilities who live and work in the Triangle neighborhood, a diverse, low-income neighborhood southwest of the downtown, to get around within the neighborhood as well as reach other parts of the city.
Currently, the neighborhood is somewhat isolated from the rest of the city because it is surrounded by wide streets that are difficult for pedestrians to cross. Design options also explored improving water quality in Lake Monona by using green infrastructure, such as rain gardens and permeable paving, to capture and cleanse stormwater collected from the neighborhood and surrounding streets.
Montpelier received assistance to improve pedestrian and bicycle connections to the historic downtown. The city also wanted to reduce the amount of stormwater runoff flowing into the Winooski River, especially since rainfall in the region is expected to increase due to climate change.
Design options presented in the report explore how a missing link of a regional bike trail could be built in the downtown and how two important intersections could be designed to work better for pedestrian, bicyclists, and drivers. Design options also illustrate how more plants and trees could be incorporated into streets and parking lots to make the downtown more attractive and reduce the amount of runoff flowing into the Winooski River.
Olympia received assistance to create a cohesive vision for Capitol Way, the city’s main street downtown that links the state capitol with the popular Olympia Farmers Market. The city hopes that investing in street improvements will spur increased private investment and vitality in the downtown.
The design options would make the street more accommodating for pedestrians and bicyclists. The design options also add street trees with better planting techniques to make the street more attractive and safer, and manage stormwater runoff to improve water quality and minimize localized flooding.
Reports From Communities Selected in 2012
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Baton Rouge received assistance to plan a greenway that will connect Louisiana State University with the downtown. The Greening America's Capitals project created design options that incorporate green infrastructure elements into the greenway plan, which provides environmental benefits while sparking new investment and redevelopment in the city's core. The city hopes this project will give residents and visitors options for walking and biking that reduce air pollution from automobile travel and encourage active and healthy lifestyles.
Des Moines, Iowa
Des Moines received assistance to incorporate green infrastructure elements into a proposed streetscape plan for a one-mile segment of 6th Avenue. The 6th Avenue corridor, which serves as the northern gateway to the city's downtown, is a Main Street Iowa Urban Neighborhood District with direct access to the Des Moines River.
The Greening America's Capitals project created design options to revitalize this commercial street, such as wider sidewalks, narrower traffic lanes, better lighting, and improved bus stop shelters, as well as street trees, permeable pavement, and rain gardens to minimize stormwater runoff. The city council adopted the plan in November 2013 and expects to begin construction in two to three years.
Frankfort received assistance to enhance Second Street between the historic downtown and the state capitol. The intersection at Bridge Street and West Second Street is unsafe for pedestrians; the Greening America's Capital project created design options that could enhance pedestrian and bicycle safety, better manage stormwater runoff, improve connections to the Kentucky River, and attract tourists and visitors to the commercial corridor. Taken together, these improvements would help create a greener, healthier, and safer environment that could revitalize the Second Street corridor.
Helena received assistance to improve Last Chance Gulch, a street that connects the business district with the historic downtown. Redevelopment in the northern part of Last Chance Gulch has added office, commercial, and residential buildings. As redevelopment continues toward downtown, the Greening America's Capitals project helped the city and stakeholders create a vision that makes the street and intersections friendlier to walking and biking while making sure the neighborhood works for everyone.
The project also gave the city options for solving the challenges of a five-point intersection along Last Chance Gulch. Intersection improvements are designed to improve traffic flow, create safer crossings for pedestrians and bicyclists, and improve the connection to downtown.
Indianapolis received assistance to make streets more walkable and revitalize public plazas in and around the Market Square Redevelopment Area. The area is a short walk from the Indiana Statehouse and an emerging multimodal transportation hub connected to the Indianapolis Cultural Trail. The city plans to create a Green Cultural District in the area.
The Greening America's Capitals project helped the city create a cohesive vision to ensure that redevelopment benefits the district's underserved residents while expanding economic opportunities and improving the environment.
Reports From Communities Selected in 2011
Jackson is exploring retrofitting public spaces within a half-mile of the state capitol building with green technologies such as solar-powered water fountains, native and drought-tolerant landscaping, rain gardens for stormwater treatment, and permeable paving. The area includes the Farish Street Historic District, the city's oldest African-American community, and Congress Street, where the state capitol, city hall, governor's mansion, and other historic sites are located.
The Greening America's Capitals project developed design concepts that use green technologies and green infrastructure for Congress Street and two public parks. The city wants Congress Street to be more bike- and pedestrian-friendly to better connect civic buildings with neighborhoods and businesses, and to add street trees to provide more shade for pedestrians.
The city of Lincoln is revitalizing the South Capitol neighborhood—a primarily residential neighborhood directly south of the capitol—through improvements to the neighborhood's streets and alleys. The neighborhood currently has deteriorating housing and businesses, wide streets, no bicycle lanes, aging sanitary sewer and water mains, and lower per capita income than the rest of the city.
The Greening America's Capitals project involved local residents in developing design options for the neighborhood's streets that improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and comfort, add more street trees, and incorporate green infrastructure elements such as rain gardens to manage and treat stormwater runoff and make the streets more attractive.
The city of Montgomery asked for assistance to create design options for improvements to the Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail, where it runs beneath the I-65/I-85 interchange, to reconnect downtown with Montgomery's west side—specifically, the Renaissance Neighborhood, the first green redevelopment project in the city. The design team explored how to increase shade, improve lighting, and reduce freeway noise for trail users.
The city also asked for assistance to expand its climate change response planning. Like much of the inland southeast, projected climate changes include higher ambient temperature, decreased annual rainfall, and fewer but more intense storms. The design team looked for opportunities to increase green space to absorb stormwater runoff and help reduce the ambient air temperature.
Lower Grand Avenue is in Phoenix's core and next to downtown and the state capitol. Artists colonized the street, taking advantage of inexpensive vacant and underused warehouse and shop spaces. The area now hosts an annual art festival and monthly First Fridays art events.
The city asked for assistance to improve the Lower Grand Avenue streetscape, making it more environmentally, pedestrian-, and bicycle-friendly while also maintaining the neighborhood's artistic character. The design team explored options that use green infrastructure techniques suitable for arid climates to capture and treat stormwater runoff.
The Anacostia Metrorail station is on the east side of the Anacostia River, an area that expects this area to see significant increases in population and visitors due to several large development projects nearby. The city wants to improve the plaza at the Metrorail station and three intersections surrounding the station. Currently, the area has no distinctive character and, although it is next to the Anacostia River, it lacks pedestrian access to the river. The intersections surrounding the station are some of the city's most dangerous for pedestrians.
The city requested design assistance to improve connections between the Metrorail station and nearby neighborhoods and schools, the Anacostia business district, and the Anacostia River. The design team focused on safety concerns at the intersections, improved signage, increasing the overall permeability of the area to manage stormwater, and creating a strong community identity.
Reports From Communities Selected in 2010
Boston City Hall lies in the heart of downtown, close to the Massachusetts State House and the financial district. The plaza surrounding Boston City Hall was conceived as an outdoor civic space, but it fails to serve that purpose or realize its potential as a public green space. With few trees and little vegetation, the plaza is unshaded, wind-swept, and hard to access or navigate, especially for those with disabilities.
The city of Boston asked for assistance to create greening options for City Hall Plaza that could be realized in the near term. Goals included creating well-defined edges and entrances, providing more bike access and parking, connecting the plaza to existing streets, increasing green elements such as trees and vegetation for better stormwater management, and supporting energy efficiency and green building improvements in City Hall and nearby buildings.
Charleston, West Virginia
The city of Charleston requested assistance in redesigning Slack Plaza, which sits in the middle of Charleston's downtown and hosts the county's major transit hub. Three city blocks run through Slack Plaza and connect two primary commercial areas. Although the plaza is used regularly by employees working downtown and the 2.4 million riders who transfer between the county's bus routes, the area lacks green space, has no real sense of place, and is challenged by poor signage and safety issues.
EPA's Greening America's Capitals team worked with the city and stakeholders to establish a common vision for Slack Plaza that could transform it into a multimodal transportation hub and well-used town square. Adding public art and trees and redesigning the pedestrian corridors to serve a range of users will continue Charleston's efforts to foster a more beautiful and sustainable community.
The city of Hartford requested assistance to reimagine a mile-long portion of Capitol Avenue, a focal point of the city that includes the Connecticut State Capitol and Legislative Building, the State Library, the Supreme Court, and the State Armory, as well as residential and retail areas.
The Greening America's Capitals workshop helped Hartford staff and stakeholders create a redevelopment plan for the Capitol Avenue corridor and connections to nearby locations, such as the Frog Hollow neighborhood and a proposed bus rapid transit station. Redesigns focused on public spaces, such as parks and state building grounds, and green street improvements that better manage stormwater, improve the pedestrian environment and aesthetics, and encourage future redevelopment.
Jefferson City, Missouri
Jefferson City requested assistance with an area of the city core that serves as the gateway to the state capitol and larger Capital Complex. The Wears Creek and Millbottom area has become a flood-prone and forgotten zone of the city that includes vacant properties and parking lots.
Jefferson City worked with the Greening America's Capitals team to develop design options that can provide both community and water quality benefits, including improving public access to the Missouri River and integrating brownfield cleanup and redevelopment and appropriate reuse of vacant lands. The project emphasized engaging underserved neighborhoods and providing equitable access to urban waters through well-planned community revitalization.
Little Rock, Arkansas
Little Rock invests in its economic, environmental, and civic sustainability, in part by revitalizing key neighborhoods. One example is the River Market District, which had lost many businesses but, through riverfront redevelopment and impetus from the William J. Clinton Presidential Center and Park, now boasts businesses, museums, restaurants, residences, and a historic farmers market. The next area planned for revitalization is the Main Street corridor, which connects to the River Market District.
The Greening America's Capitals project developed design concepts for streetscape improvements to help catalyze the redevelopment potential of the Main Street corridor. Focusing on key activity centers along the corridor, the design options highlighted how new pocket parks and reuse of vacant parking lots could encourage redevelopment and more pedestrian activity to support ground-floor retail and a future trolley line.
Read more about the Little Rock project and results in EPA's "Community Stories" story map (link will open in a new window or tab).