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Alternative Energy at Superfund Sites

Renewable energy resources – wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy – are non-polluting, inexhaustible and increasingly cost-competitive. Alternative energy resources include renewable energy production as well as other energy sources, such as converting methane gas produced during natural decomposition of wastes into an electricity source. Superfund sites can be well suited for alternative energy production. Sites in urban and rural areas near utilities and transportation networks help keep development costs low.

Alternative energy resources can help communities create jobs and diversify local economies. They also are an important part of America’s energy security and environmental sustainability. Nationwide, there are at least 75 Superfund sites in planned or actual alternative energy reuse; several of these sites are also using renewable energy technologies as part of green remediation strategies for site cleanups. SRI can help communities reclaim and reuse contaminated lands for a wide range of purposes, including alternative and renewable energy. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.

Alternative Energy Reuse Examples

Biofuel Sites
Boyle Galvanizing (non NPL), Philadelphia, PA
Gallup's Quarry, Plainfield, CT
Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc., Charlotte, NC
Savannah River Site (USDOE), Aiken, South Carolina

Hydroelectric Sites
Summitville Mine, Rio Grande County, CO

Methane Gas to Energy Sites
Central Landfill, Johnston, RI
Crazy Horse Sanitary Landfill, Salinas, CA
Lexington County Landfill Area, Cayce, SC
Lowry Landfill, Aurora, CO
Mosley Road Sanitary Landfill, Oklahoma City, OK
Omega Hills North Landfill, Germantown, WI
Pine Bend Sanitary Landfill. Grove Heights, MN
Southside Sanitary Landfill, Indianapolis, IN

Solar Sites
Aerojet General, Rancho Cordova, CA
Apache Powder, Saint David, AZ
Barkhamsted-New Hartford Landfill, Barkhamsted, CT
Brick Township Landfill, Brick Township, NJ
Brookhaven National Laboratory (USDOE), Upton, NY
Butterworth #2 Landfill, Grand Rapids, MI
Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base, San Diego, CA
Charles George Reclamation Trust Landfill, Tyngsborough, MA
Chevron Questa Mine, Questa, NM
E.I. DuPont De Nemours & Co., Inc. (Newport Pigment Plant Landfill), Newport, DE
Elizabeth Mine, Strafford/Thatford, VT
Ellsworth Air Force Base, Ellsworth AFB, SD
FMC Corp. (Fridley Plant), Fridley, MN
Frontier Fertilizer, Davis, CA
Fruit Avenue Plume, Albuquerque, NM
GE-Housatonic River, Pittsfield, MA
Groveland Wells, Groveland, MA
Intermountain Waste Oil Refinery, Bountiful, UT
Iron Horse Park, Billerica, MA
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA), Pasadena, CA
Landfill & Development Co., Mount Holly, NJ
Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, Main Site (USDOE) , Livermore, CA
Martin-Marietta, Sodyeco, Inc., Charlotte, NC
Marshall Landfill, Boulder, CO
North Carolina State University (Lot 86, Farm Unit #1), Raleigh, NC
Olmsted County Sanitary Landfill, Oronoco, MN
Pemaco Maywood, Maywood, CA
Peterson/Puritan, Inc., Lincoln/Cumberland, RI
Reilly Tar & Chemical Corp. (Indianapolis Plant), Indianapolis, IN
Re-Solve, Inc., Dartmouth, MA
Rose Hill Regional Landfill, Wakefield, RI
Spectron, Inc., Elkton, MD
Sullivan's Ledge, New Bedford, MA
W.R. Grace & Co., Inc. (Acton Plant), Acton, MA
West Kingston Town Dump/URI Disposal Area, South Kingstown, RI
York County Solid Waste and Refuse Authority Landfill, Stewartstown, PA

Wind Sites
Bethlehem Steel (non NPL), Lackawanna, NY
Continental Steel Corp., Kokomo, IN
Nebraska Ordnance Plant (Former), Mead, NE
Otis Air National Guard Base/Camp Edwards, Falmouth, MA
Pantex Plant (USDOE), Pantex Village, TX
Weldon Spring Quarry/Plant/Pits (USDOE/ARMY), St. Charles County, MO

For additional information about alternative energy projects on potentially contaminated lands, landfills and mine sites, please visit RE-Powering America’s Land.

Assessments/Reports

Renewable and Alternative Energy at Superfund Sites: Harnessing New Sources of Power (PDF)(16 pp, 5.2 MB)
Alternative Energy Projects at Superfund Sites: Status Update and Highlights from Across the Country (September 2017) (PDF)(4 pp, 971 K)

SRI has supported feasibility studies and assessments to determine the potential for alternative energy reuse. A few example reports are listed below:

Learn more about alternative energy projects highlighted in SRI’s in-depth case studies:

For information about additional sites supporting or seeking to support alternative energy, visit: