Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas Development
The Future of Clean Energy
EPA is working with states and other key stakeholders to help ensure that the economic prosperity from unconventional oil and natural gas extraction does not come at the expense of public health and the environment.
Unconventional oil and natural gas play a key role in our nation's clean energy future. The U.S. has vast reserves of such resources that are commercially viable as a result of advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies. These technologies enable greater access to oil and natural gas in shale formations. Responsible development of America's shale gas resources offers important economic, energy security, and environmental benefits.
Report Environmental Violations
Report illegal disposal of wastes or other non-emergency suspicious activity related to oil and natural gas development through epa.gov/tips.
You can provide tips anonymously if you do not want to identify yourself.
Emergency events and spills or releases should be reported through the National Response Center at 1-800-424-8802.
EPA conducted a study of hydraulic fracturing and its potential impact on drinking water resources.
Natural gas and shale gas extraction operations can result in a number of potential impacts to the environment. Proper permitting and safe management practices can reduce these impacts.
EPA collaborates with partners in the oil and gas industry to protect human health and the environment.
EPA occasionally partners with, or convenes, oil and natural gas stakeholders to increase opportunities for environmental improvements.
EPA targets compliance and enforcement activities to ensure compliance with laws and regulations, with an emphasis on correcting violations with significant potential harm to human health and the environment.
Hydraulic fracturing is a technique used in "unconventional" gas production.
Existing Owner Audit Program. In December 2019, we temporarily expanded the voluntary self-audit and disclosure program for upstream oil and natural gas facilities by giving existing owners the opportunity to find, correct, and self-disclose Clean Air Act violations. View the Press Release to learn more.
EPA-IOGCC Task Force. In August 2019, we renewed our commitment to collaborate with the IOGCC through the EPA-IOGCC Task Force. Learn more.