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International Cooperation

Global Context for Promoting Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles Worldwide

Today, transportation demand is growing rapidly in developing countries. This, combined with rising personal vehicle ownership, is causing significant impacts on urban air quality and greenhouse gas emissions. For example, transport is potentially one of the biggest sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) and particulate matter pollution, especially in cities. 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), outdoor air pollution contributes annually to over 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide Exit and it now ranks among the top global health risk burdens. ExitThe WHO study,  Ambient air pollution: A global assessement of exposure and burden of disease (PDF)(121 pp, 5.41M, About PDF)Exit reports that 91% of the world’s population lives in places where the air quality levels exceed WHO limits.

The figure shows that transportation energy consumption was 54% in OECD countries and 46% in non-OECD countries, but is expected to shift to 41% and 59%, respectively, by 2020.Figure shows the increase in energy consumption by transport in non-OECD countries. Source:  EIA International Energy Outlook 2017 (76 pp, 1.1M, About PDF), slide 121 (page 61).

Globally, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) predicts in its International Energy Outlook 2017 (PDF) (76 pp, 1.1 M, About PDF) that petroleum fuels will remain the dominant source of energy to 2040. The EIA report predicts that energy demand in the transport sector will grow in developing countries (defined here as countries that are not a part of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD]), as the chart (right) displays.

Energy consumption by transportation in non-OECD countries is forecast to grow, while energy consumption in OECD countries is predicted to slightly decline.  In fact, by 2040 non-OECD countries will account for almost 60% of the world's transportation related energy use.  The consumption of motor gasoline used in cars is predicted to be the largest use of energy in non-OECD countries, primarily due to the increased demand for personal transport from growing middle classes.
To address these issues, the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) promotes cleaner fuels and vehicles in developing and transition countries. Specifically, PCFV works toward the global elimination of lead in gasoline and the phase down of sulfur in diesel fuel to 50 parts per million (ppm), and promotes the introduction of cleaner, more efficient vehicles. 
EPA is a founding and supporting member of PCFV, a public-private global initiative originally founded at the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD) Exit in 2002.


For additional information on EPA's work with the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, contact:
Angela Bandemehr
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2670R)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20460
(202) 564-1427