Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia
Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.
- EPA has published a draft document, Field-Based Methods for Developing Aquatic Life Criteria for Specific Conductivity.
- Links to all EPA regulations that apply to the Mining (except Oil and Gas) Sector (NAICS 212)
Major EPA Activities that Apply to Mining other than Coal Mining in Appalachia
- Abandoned Mine Lands Program
- Enforcement of requirements for federal entities to clean up abandoned mines
- Effluent guidelines:
- NPDES requirements to control wastewater discharges from mining operations (includes information about Good Samaritan Initiative)
- Exclusion of mining and mineral processing waste from regulation under RCRA Subtitle C
- RCRA legislative and regulatory timeline for mining waste