Cross-State Air Pollution Final and Proposed Rules
On July 6, 2011 the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finalized the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR), limiting the interstate transport of emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOX) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) that contribute to harmful levels of fine particle matter (PM2.5) and ozone in downwind states.
On This Page:
- Final Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR)
- Notice of Data Availability (January 7, 2011)
- Notice of Data Availability (October 27, 2010)
- Notice of Data Availability (September 1, 2010)
- Public Hearings
- Proposed Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR)
EPA finalized a rule that protects the health of millions of Americans by helping states reduce air pollution and meet Clean Air Act Standards. The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) requires eastern and central states to significantly improve air quality by reducing power plant emissions that cross state lines and contribute to ground-level ozone and fine particle pollution in other states.
In a separate but related regulatory action, EPA also issued a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking to require six states: Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin to make summertime NOX reductions under the CSAPR ozone-season control program.
EPA also issued a "Notice of Data Availability Concerning Transport Rule Allowance Allocations to Existing Units" informing the public of the availability of detailed unit-by-unit data, calculations, and allowance allocation determinations in a technical support document for the final Cross State Air Pollution Rule.
- Final Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) (Federal Register, 76 FR 48208)
- Cross-State Air Pollution Rule Fact Sheet Updated July, 2011
- Cross State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) Presentation Updated December 15, 2011 to reflect the final supplemental rule for CSAPR, the proposed technical revisions rule, recent implementation activities, and other information.
- Regulatory Impact Analysis for the Final Cross-State Air Pollution Rule
Technical Support Documents
- Significant Contribution and State Emissions Budgets Final Rule TSD
- Allowance Allocation Final Rule TSD
- *Final CSAPR Unit Level Allocations under the Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs)
- * Final CSAPR Unit Level Allocations under the FIP and Underlying Data (xls) *For annual SO2 and NOX allocations, tables include sources located in states covered by the CSAPR. For ozone-season allocations, tables include sources located in states covered by the final CSAPR as well as the 6 states that are included in the Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for ozone-season NOX emission reductions.
- Assurance Penalty Level Analysis Final Rule TSD
- Status of Clean Air Act (CAA) 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) SIPs Final Rule TSD
- Status of CAA 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) SIPs: Supplemental Proposed Rule TSD
- Power Sector Variability Final Rule TSD
- Capacity Factors Analysis for New Units Final Rule TSD
- Resource Adequacy and Reliability in the Integrated Planning Model (IPM) Projections for the CSAPR TSD
- Emissions Inventory Final Rule TSD
- Air Quality Modeling Final Rule TSD
- Average and maximum design values by monitoring site for 8-hour ozone, annual PM2.5, and 24-hour PM2.5 for the 2003-2007 base period, the 2012 base case, and the 2014 base and CSAPR control scenario (xls)
- Contributions of 8-hour ozone, annual PM2.5, and 24-hour PM2.5 from each state to each monitoring site (xls)
EPA issued a "Notice of Data Availability For Federal Implementation Plans To Reduce Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone: Request for Comment on Alternative Allocations, Calculation of Assurance Provisions Allowance Surrender Requirements, New-Unit Allocations in Indian Country and Allocations by States."
- Notice of Data Availability - (Federal Register, 76 FR 1109)
- NODA Fact Sheet
- Alternative allocation tables and underlying data Note - Revised on 1/7/11 to correct minor calculation error in option 2 Ozone Season NOx allocations in the prepublication version.
Emissions inventories data supporting the CSAPR were made available for review.
- Notice of Data Availability (Federal Register, 75 FR 66055)
- Access the data via EPA FTP site
- Clearinghouse for Inventories and Emissions Factors - Emissions inventory information supporting the proposed rule
EPA held three public hearings on the proposed Transport Rule. Each hearing began at 9 a.m. and continued until 8 p.m. The public was able to preregister to speak at the hearings at a specific time, or they could register in person on the day of the hearing and were worked in to openings in the schedule of speakers.
- August 19, 2010 - Wyndham Chicago. Preregistered List of Speakers
- August 26, 2010 - Radisson Plaza - Warwick Hotel Philadelphia. Preregistered List of Speakers
- September 1, 2010 - Renaissance Downtown Atlanta. Preregistered List of Speakers
EPA proposed a rule that would significantly reduce emissions that contribute to fine particle and ozone pollution in the eastern United States.
- Proposed Rule (Federal Register, 75 FR 45210)
Note: The preamble to the proposed rule contains an error, which was corrected in a Corrections Notice issued on September 14, 2010 (Federal Register, 75 FR 55711).
- Fact Sheet
- Overview Presentation 7/26/10
- Table: Impacts of the Proposed Transport Rule on Counties with Monitors Projected to have Ozone and/or Fine Particle Air Quality Problems
- Regulatory Impact Analysis for the Proposed Transport Rule
Technical Support Documents:
- Non-Electric Generating Units (EGU) Emissions Reductions Cost and Potential
- Emissions Inventories
- Preparation of Emissions Inventories for the Version 4, 2005-based Platform and Appendicies
- EPA analyzed the impact of the proposed Transport Rule on the U.S. electric power sector using the Integrated Planning Model (IPM). Modeling Results
- Other Remedy Options Evaluated
- Analysis of NOX Budget Trading Program Units Brought into the CAIR NOX Ozone Season Trading Program
- Updates to EPA Base Case v3.02 EISA Using the Integrated Planning Model
- Electric Generation Ownership, Market Concentration and Auction Size
- Analysis of Constellation Energy Group’s Allocation Suggestion that Uses Title IV Allowances
- Analysis to Quantify Significant Contribution
- Capacity Factors Analysis for New Units
- Installation Timing for Low NOX Burners (LNB)
- State Budgets, Unit Allocations, and Unit Emissions Rates
- Allocation Table (PDF) - Note - Revised on 7/21/10 to correct calculation error in Ozone Season NOx Rates under the Direct Control Alternative (column R). The original calculation resulted in rates 50% lower than the revised rates - no other values are impacted.
- Allocation Table (xls) - Note - Revised on 7/21/10 to correct calculation error in Ozone Season NOx Rates under the Direct Control Alternative (column R). The original calculation resulted in rates 50% lower than the revised rates - no other values are impacted.
- Budgets and Allocations– Data Field Descriptions and Unit-Level Data
- Air Quality Modeling
- Air Quality Contributions Data File (xls)
- Power Sector Variability
- Alternative Significant Contribution Approaches Evaluated