Safely Use Rodent Bait Products

Rat and mouse poison products, if misused, can potentially harm you, your children, or your pets.  Always read the product label and follow all directions when using pesticides.

Remember!

  • Always store pesticides away from the reach of children and pets, such as in a locked utility cabinet or garden shed.  
  • Place traps or baits only in locations where children and pets cannot access them.
  • Never store pesticides next to food, including pet food.
  • Read and follow the instructions on the pesticide label.
  • To prevent accidental poisoning of wildlife and pets that might eat a dead animal, promptly remove and dispose of carcasses of dead rodents. 

Rodenticide products marketed to consumers include ready-to-use bait stations that are labeled according to the extent of protection they provide to young children and to dogs and whether or not they are weather-resistant. 

The rodenticide (rodent poison) products sold at consumer outlets are ready-to-use bait stations. 

  • These products contain bait in the form of a block or a paste. 
  • The bait must be secured within the bait station that comes in the retail package. 
    • If the bait station is refillable, up to one pound of bait to be used to fill and refill the bait station may be packaged with the station. 
  • The baits used in these products must use one of the following rodenticide compounds as active ingredient:
    • bromethalin,
    • chlorophacinone,
    • cholecalciferol,
    • diphacinone,
    • warfarin, or
    • zinc phosphide. 
  • The baits used in these products may not contain a second-generation anticoagulant rodenticide (e.g., brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difenacoum, or difethialone).

Learn how EPA regulates the safety of rat and mouse poison products.