Chesapeake Bay Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs)
The Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) are the roadmap for how the Bay jurisdictions, in partnership with federal and local governments, will achieve the
Chesapeake Bay TMDL allocations. Bay jurisdictions include Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia.
The TMDL is designed to ensure that all pollution control measures needed to fully restore the Bay and its tidal rivers are in place by 2025. EPA expects practices in place by 2017 to meet 60 percent of the necessary reductions.
There are three phases of WIPs developed by the Bay jurisdictions. Phase I and Phase II WIPs were developed and submitted to EPA in 2010 and 2012, respectively. Both Phase I and Phase II WIPs describe actions and controls to be implemented by 2017 and 2025 to achieve applicable water quality standards. The Phase II WIPs build on the initial Phase I WIPs by providing more specific local actions. Phase III WIPs will be developed by jurisdictions based on a midpoint assessment of progress and scientific analyses that is currently underway through 2017. Phase III WIPs will provide information on actions the Bay jurisdictions intend to implement between 2018 and 2025 to meet the Bay restoration goals.
The table below shows the eight elements that must be addressed in the jurisdictions' WIPs.
||Interim and final target loads by pollutant source sector within each of the 92 areas draining to Clean Water Act Section 303(d) tidal water segments. The amount and location of loads from individual or aggregate point sources and nonpoint source sectors will also be included.|
||Evaluation of current legal, regulatory, programmatic, financial, staffing, and technical capacity to deliver the target loads established in the TMDL.|
||Description of procedures for estimating additional loads due to growth. Information will also be included on additional pollutant load reductions needed to offset the growth and development anticipated in the watershed between 2011 and 2025.|
||Identification of gaps between current capacity (Element 2) and the capacity needed to fully attain the interim and final target loads for the 92 impaired segments (Element 1).|
||Proposed strategy to systematically fill the gaps identified in Element 4.|
||Description of efforts underway or planned to improve transparent and consistent monitoring, tracking, reporting, and assessment of the effectiveness of implementation actions.|
||Alternative measures resulting in equivalent reductions and an indication of what such contingencies might entail if the proposed strategies in Element 5 are not implemented.|
Detailed interim and final load targets for each tidal Bay segment drainage area, source sector, and local area (after November 2011) in an appendix. A reduction schedule comprising the 2-year target loads at the scale of each major basin within a jurisdiction will also be included.
The 2-year target loads allow EPA to assess whether future 2-year milestones are on schedule to meet interim and final water quality goals.
Phase I WIPs
Final Phase I Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) were submitted to EPA by the jurisdictions beginning November 29, 2010. Click on the links below to view the final Phase I WIP for each jurisdiction:
- View Delaware's Final Phase I Watershed Implementation Plan on the State of Delaware's Division of Watershed Stewardship websiteIExit
- View the District of Columbia's Watershed Implementation Plan, Phase I on the Department of Energy and Environment websiteExit
- View Maryland's Final Phase I Chesapeake Bay Watershed Implementation Plan on the Maryland Department of the Environment websiteExit
- View New York's Phase I WIP on the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Chesapeake Bay websiteExit
- View Pennsylvania's January 11, 2011 WIP on the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection websiteExit
- View Virginia's Phase I WIP document on the Virginia Deparment of Environmental Quality websiteExit
- View West Virginia's Final Chesapeake Bay Phase I WIP on the West Virginia Chesapeake Bay Program websiteExit
Phase II WIPs
EPA received final Phase II Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) from the jurisdictions on March 30, 2012. Click on the links below to view the final Phase II WIPs for each jurisdiction:
- View Delaware's Final Phase II Watershed Implementation Plan on the State of Delaware's Division of Watershed Stewardship websiteExit
- View District of Columbia's Watershed Implementation Plan - Phase 2 - Chesapeake Bay on the Department of Energy and Environment websiteExit
- View Maryland's Final Phase II Chesapeake Bay Watershed Implementation Plan on the Maryland Department of the Environment websiteExit
- View New York's Phase II WIP on the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Chesapeake Bay websiteExit
- View Pennsylvania's Final Phase II Chesapeake WIP on the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection websiteExit
- View Virginia's Phase II WIP on the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality websiteExit
- View West Virginia's Final Chesapeake Bay Phase II WIP on the West Virginia Chesapeake Bay Program websiteExit
Phase III WIPs
The Chesapeake Bay TMDL calls for an assessment in 2017 to review progress toward meeting the nutrient and sediment pollutant load reductions necessary for Bay restoration. In 2018, EPA expects the jurisdictions to develop Phase III Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) following this midpoint assessment of progress in 2017.
This midpoint assessment will measure the Bay jurisdictions' progress towards meeting the 2017 goal of having practices in place to achieve 60 percent of the necessary reductions compared to 2009 levels. The ultimate goal is to have all practices and controls in place by 2025 to achieve the Bay's dissolved oxygen, water clarity/submerged aquatic vegetation and chlorophyll-a standards.
As part of this midpoint assessment, the Chesapeake Bay Program (CBP) partnership is reviewing the latest science, data, and modeling and decision support tools to measure progress. The intent of this part of the midpoint assessment is to strengthen the CBP partnership's decision support capabilities to optimize the jurisdictions' Phase III WIPs.
The Phase III WIPs will provide information on actions the jurisdictions intend to implement between 2018 and 2025 to meet the Bay TMDL restoration goals.
Final Phase III WIP Planning Targets
On July 9, 2018, the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership’s Principals’ Staff Committee approved the final Phase III planning targets (PDF) (1 p, 196 K, About PDF) Exitwhich represent the nitrogen and phosphorus pollution limits necessary to meet applicable water quality standards in the Chesapeake Bay. The final Phase III planning targets will inform Phase III WIP development and implementation. These Phase III WIPs will describe the actions the jurisdictions will take to have all practices on the ground by 2025 to achieve their respective Phase III planning targets.
Please contact one of the jurisdiction staff members below if you have any questions regarding the development of the Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs).
|Name||Jurisdiction||Affiliation||Email Address||Phone Number|
|Brittany Sturgis||Delaware||Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)||firstname.lastname@example.org||302-739-9939|
|Diane Davis||District of Columbia||Department of Energy and Environment (DOEE)||email@example.com||202-741-0847|
|George Onyullo||District of Columbia||Department of Energy and Environment (DOEE)||firstname.lastname@example.org||202-727-6529|
|Jim George||Maryland||Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE)||email@example.com||410-537-3579|
|Lee Currey||Maryland||Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE)||firstname.lastname@example.org||410-537-3913|
|Jackie Lendrum||New York||New York Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC)||email@example.com||518-402-8086|
|Sara Latessa||New York||New York Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC)||firstname.lastname@example.org||518-402-8279|
|Veronica Kasi||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP)||email@example.com||717-772-4053|
|Kristen Wolf||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP)||firstname.lastname@example.org||717-772-1675|
|James Davis-Martin||Virginia||Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ)||email@example.com||804-698-4298|
|Teresa Koon||West Virginia||West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP)||firstname.lastname@example.org||304-926-0499 ext. 1020|
|Dave Montali||West Virginia||Tetra Tech/West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP)||email@example.com||304-414-0054|