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International Cooperation

EPA Collaboration with Chile

Chilean Presidential PalaceLa Moneda, the Chilean Presidential Palace.The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement entered into force in January 2004. Recognizing the importance of protecting the environment while promoting sustainable development, the governments negotiated an associated Environmental Cooperation Agreement, which is the basis for our environmental cooperation. As a global partner in trade and the environment, Chile is a priority country for U.S. environmental cooperation.

Explore our work with Chile: 


Air Quality Workshop in Santiago

September 2018: The Chilean Ministry of Environment (MMA), EPA and the United States Department of State jointly hosted an air quality workshop in Santiago, Chile. The workshop brought together air quality policy makers and technical analysts from government agencies, private industry, and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in the region, to foster information sharing, capacity building, and collaboration among South and Central American countries to effectively address local and regional air quality  issues. The workshop represented the culmination of EPA’s Megacities Partnership with MMA to support air quality management efforts for Santiago and build regional capacity to improve air quality throughout South and Central America. 

Workshop on Environmental Compliance Tools 

September 2018: EPA staff delivered a regional workshop to promote environmental compliance and dissuade non-compliance in Latin America. The audience of over 80 participants included representatives of Chile’s National Environmental Enforcement Network, as well as representatives of the Latin America Network for Environmental Enforcement and Compliance (REDLAFICA) from Peru and Colombia. EPA provided the history, principles and applicability of EPA enforcement and compliance programs, including topics such as: Compliance Incentives and EPA Best Practices, Enforcement of Regulations and Sanctions, the Inspection Model with Communities and Emergencies, and Case Studies regarding Aspects of Enforcement and Sanctions. 

Risk Management Seminar

August 2017: EPA staff delivered a seminar on Risk Management Related to Waste, Contaminated Sites and Environmental Incidents to over 60 participants from different Chilean agencies (hosted by the Superintendent of Environment, or SMA), as well as participants from the National Environmental Licensing Agency of Colombia (ANLA), and from the Environmental Assessment and Inspection Agency of Peru (OEFA). EPA delivered information on the principles of hazardous waste management, identification of risk sources and management of contaminated sites. The seminar also provided the participants a platform to exchange technical, coordination and management best practices from each participating organization.  This event supported capacity building for members of the South American Network for Environmental Enforcement and Compliance (REDSUFICA), which was later expanded and renamed REDLAFICA.


Environmental Governance

EPA works with a variety of Chilean Agencies, such as the Environment Superintendency (Superintendencia del MedioambienteExit and the Ministry of Environment Exitto strengthen environmental enforcement and compliance of environmental laws and regulations. Activities include:
  • Development of curricula for judges on adjudicating environmental enforcement cases 
  • Training the Environment Superintendency (Superintendencia del Medioambiente- SMA) inspectors on inspection and enforcement 
  • Technical consultation and assistance on a variety of environmental enforcement issues as needed
  • Deployment of NEPAssist, a tool that facilitates the environmental review process and project planning in relation to environmental considerations
2nd annual meeting of South American environmental enforcement networkEPA participated in the annual meeting of the South America Environmental Enforcement Network. (2014)

This work has produced the following selected results:

  • EPA and DOJ held the first ever workshop on adjudication of environmental enforcement cases for Chilean Supreme Court Justices.
  • As a result of EPA cooperation with Chile’s Environment Superintendency (SMA), trainers previously trained by EPA have provided inspection training to 520 inspectors across Chile.
  • SMA has also adopted a total of 7 new policies/protocols in the following areas:
    1. Inspections of liquid wastes;
    2. Inspection procedures at thermoelectric plants;
    3. Protocols for the use of Continuous Air Emissions Monitoring;
    4. General enforcement procedures;
    5. Penalty calculation methodology;
    6. Inspection planning procedures; and
    7. Policy on coordination with other sector ministries during inspections. 
  • NEPAssist was deployed in Chile Exit in March 2014.
  • Chile showed its regional leadership as a founding member of the South American Environmental Enforcement Network (REDSUFICA), now expanded and renamed REDLAFICA. Exit

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To strengthen institutional capacity in the institutions that govern the mining sector, EPA aimed to build the capacity of Chile’s Ministries of Mining (Ministerio de MineríaExit and Environment (Ministerio del Medio AmbienteExit with a variety of collaborative workshops and information exchanges. Specific efforts intend to increase the capacity of Chilean government representatives regarding:
  • Management of environmental aspects of mine closure
  • Abandoned mine risk evaluation
  • Remediation of contaminated mining sites

This work has produced the following selected results:

  • Participants from a variety of Chilean government entities were trained on financial assurance mechanisms in mining.
  • Representatives from over 10 Chilean entities participated in an environmental risk assessment in mining seminar in Santiago, Chile.
  • Representatives from 15 Chilean entities were trained on regulatory structure, characterization, risk assessments, mapping, selection of remedial options and enforcement measures at mining sites.

Public Participation

To increase environmental public participation in decision-making, EPA partnered with the Chilean Ministry of Environment and other Agencies such as the Environmental Evaluation Service (Servicio de Evaluación Ambiental) Exit to build the capacity of Chile’s government institutions in this area. 
This work included the delivery of workshops to foster public participation and enhanced government outreach, and exchange best practices.
This work has produced the following selected results:
  • Over 60 Chilean representatives were trained in involving the public in environmental decision making.
  • 28,000 public guides for access to environmental information were disseminated.
  • EPA's Public Participation Guide was translated into Spanish.

Environmental Education

To enhance educator knowledge of environmental issues and improve teaching skills in formal and informal programs, EPA partnered with the Chilean Ministry of Environment to exchange best practices. Chilean environmental education workshop in 2013Chilean environmental education workshop. (2013)
This work was accomplished through a workshop with Chile’s government agencies and non-government institutions to exchange best practices, as well as a series of workshops geared towards effective learning and teaching about environmental issues in an outdoor setting. EPA also led a seminar designed to help participants in the South of Chile to develop a strategic plan for the Region.
To date, over 100 Chilean government and non-government representatives were trained in various environmental education aspects.

Agreements and Relevant Documents

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Key Partners

The following links exit the site Exit

US Department of State Chile Ministry of Foreign Relations
Chile Ministry of Environment Chile Ministry of Mining
Chile Superintendencia del Medioambiente  

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Learn More About Chile

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For additional information on EPA's work with Chile, contact:
Nadtya Hong
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2650R)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20460