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International Cooperation

EPA Collaboration with Peru

The U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) entered into force in February 2009. Recognizing that cooperation is the principal means for ensuring that trade and environmental policies are mutually supportive, the Parties also signed an Environmental Cooperation Agreement (ECA) to promote the best use of resources with the objective of sustainable development.  The ECA establishes a framework to enhance bilateral and/or regional environmental cooperation. 

Explore our work with Peru: 


August 2018: As part of our continued collaboration on enforcement matters, EPA provided training on water quality management to staff from Peru’s Agency for Environmental Assessment and Enforcement (OEFA, in Spanish) and other government organizations, as well as attendees from Regional partners Chile and Colombia. As part of the workshop, EPA staff  provide basic training on the use of two EPA water quality management models: WASP and AQUATOX.

April 2018: EPA delivered a two-day training on public participation and crisis communication to 28 participants from Peru’s Agency for Environmental Assessment and Enforcement (OEFA), including lawyers, technical and communication staff.   As part of the training, EPA demonstrated tools for consensus building and discussed the importance of building trust and neutral facilitation.  EPA emphasized the need to work with other Peruvian agencies to create early opportunities for public participation.

December 2017: EPA staff delivered a workshop in Lima, Peru, on Adjudication of Environmental Cases. The workshop trained judges and environmental enforcers to strengthen adherence to the rule of law and transparency in judicial decision-making related to the environment.  The approximately 50 participants included judges of general jurisdiction, penal judges, specialized judges (who review administrative decisions), decision-makers (“vocales”) from OEFA’s Enforcement Tribunal, as well as prosecutors and other environmental officials. 

December 2017: EPA staff and Peru’s Ministry of Environment co-hosted and facilitated a workshop to establish a cooperative multisector action plan between the public and private sectors that play a role in mercury management and storage. A diverse group of Peruvian stakeholders participated in the 2-day workshop, including representatives from Peru’s Ministry of Environment (MINAM), Ministry of Energy and Mines (MINEM), Ministry of Production (PRODUCE), Ministry of Health (MINSA), National Superintendency for Customs and Tax Administration (SUNAT), and the National Police. The private sector was represented by the large-scale gold mining industry, chlor-alkali industry, and hazardous waste operators. 

September 2017: EPA delivered a Seminar on Conducting Environmental Inspections to over 20 participants from Peru’s OEFA. EPA also participated in a joint inspection with Peruvian experts at an oil and gas facility and a thermoelectric plant.


Environmental Governance

EPA works with Peruvian Ministries and Agencies, such as the Agency for Environmental Assessment and Enforcement (Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental- OEFA) Exit and the Ministry of Environment, Exitto strengthen environmental enforcement and compliance of environmental laws and regulations. Activities include:

  • Creating online training materials to support OEFA’s training web platform on environmental enforcement and compliance. 
  • Coordinating and delivering a train-the-trainer program on environmental compliance inspections to strengthen OEFA’s training capabilities.
  • Collaborating with Peruvian inspectors in conducting an inspection of a regulated facility to add an “on-the-job” component to the inspection training program.  
  • Designing and delivering a Public Participation workshop.
  • Delivering a workshop to Peruvian adjudicators and environmental officials to increase their capacity to adjudicate environmental cases.

Mercury Management and Storage

EPA is working with the Government of Peru to outline a series of action plans to address the flow of mercury from artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sites and Chlor Alkali facilities to the ultimate long-term storage and/or disposal of mercury. The plans will emphasize the importance of end-to-end management of seized or decommissioned mercury to support enforcement efforts, while working to ensure mercury does not find its way back into the environment or the marketplace. 

This work will contribute to Peru’s early implementation of the Minamata Convention

Past Activities

Marine Litter

EPA partnered with Peru’s Ministry of Environment, the Province of Chincha, local NGOs and community organizations, and the private sector to reduce and prevent marine litter using EPA’s Trash Free Waters approach. Peru was the first South American country to participate in the program. 

The program launched with a stakeholder consultation in September 2016.  EPA partnered with Battelle and Peruvian NGO Ciudad Saludable to help the pilot municipalities of El Carmen and Tambo de Mora prevent the entry of trash and litter into the ocean through increased recovery of recyclable materials on land and in waterways. The two municipalities succeeded in increasing the number of formalized recyclers collecting materials, developing collection routes for the recyclers, conducting public outreach, and building alliances with recycling associations.

Agreements and Relevant Documents

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Key Partners

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Learn More About Peru

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For additional information on EPA's work with Peru, contact:
Nadtya Hong
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2650R)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20460