Minamata Convention on Mercury
- Learn more about the global context for mercury emissions.
- Learn more about how the United States is reducing our use and emissions of mercury.
The Minamata Convention requires that party nations:
- Reduce and where feasible eliminate the use and release of mercury from artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM).
- Control mercury air emissions from coal-fired power plants, coal-fired industrial boilers, certain non-ferrous metals production operations, waste incineration and cement production.
- Phase-out or take measures to reduce mercury use in certain products such as batteries, switches, lights, cosmetics, pesticides and measuring devices, and create initiatives to reduce the use of mercury in dental amalgam.
- Phase out or reduce the use of mercury in manufacturing processes such as chlor-alkali production, vinyl chloride monomer production, and acetaldehyde production.
- In addition, the Convention addresses the supply and trade of mercury; safer storage and disposal, and strategies to address contaminated sites.
- The Convention includes provisions for technical assistance, information exchange, public awareness, and research and monitoring. It also requires Parties to report on measures taken to implement certain provisions. The Convention will be periodically evaluated to assess its effectiveness at meeting its objective of protecting human health and the environment from mercury pollution.
- Read the text of the Minamata Convention (PDF) (71 pp, 434 K, About PDF)
- Explore EPA's leadership and specific activities in the Global Mercury Partnership.
- Learn more about the UNEP Global Mercury Partnership, including information on becoming a partner.
- View the Summary of United States Mercury Emissions for Annex D Source Categories under the Minamata Convention, as filed for our 2021 Minamata Convention reporting obligations.
- Our work on the international stage to control mercury use and emissions is an important complement to our strong domestic actions on mercury.
- United States Department of State: U.S. Actions to Reduce Mercury Pollution from Transboundary Sources
- UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2018
- Decisions and documents from the Third Conference of the Parties (COP3) in November 2019