Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)
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The final rule is applicable to both major and area sources and contains the same requirements as the Emission Guidelines and New Source Performance Standards (EG/NSPS), promulgated in 1996. The final rule adds startup, shutdown, and malfunction (SSM) requirements, adds operating condition deviations for out-of-bounds monitoring parameters, requires timely control of bioreactor landfills, and changes the reporting frequency for one type of report.
The hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emitted by municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills include, but are not limited to, vinyl chloride, ethyl benzene, toluene, and benzene. Each of the HAP emitted from MSW landfills can cause adverse health effects provided sufficient exposure.
02/03/2022 - Final Rule: NESHAP for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills RTR Correction (Prepublication version) (pdf)
04/08/2021 – Proposed Correction
10/13/2020 – Technical Correction
03/26/2020 – Final Rule
07/29/2019 - Proposed Rule
09/08/2006 – Proposed Rules
01/16/2003 – Final Rule
05/23/2002 – Supplement to Proposed Rule
11/07/2000 – Proposed Rule
Fact Sheet: NESHAP for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills RTR Correction (pdf)
EPA hosted two virtual half-day sessions on January 26th and 28th, 2021 to explore recent air emissions measurement and monitoring developments from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills.
Fact Sheet - Proposed Corrections to National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Residual Risk and Technology Review
Fact Sheet: Final Amendments to Air Toxics Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
Fact Sheet: Proposed Amendments to the NESHAP for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: Background Information Document for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Public Comments and Responses
Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Air Toxics Rule: Fact Sheet
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Landfill Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Standard Development
Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)
Applicability Determination Index (ADI). The ADI is maintained by EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and provides a data base of memoranda dealing with applicability issues. The database is searchable by Subpart.
How to Prepare a Startup, Shutdown, Malfunction Plan for Collection and Control Systems at Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
Example Moisture Mass Balance Calculations for Bioreactor Landfills