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Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

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Rule Summary

The final rule is applicable to both major and area sources and contains the same requirements as the Emission Guidelines and New Source Performance Standards (EG/NSPS), promulgated in 1996. The final rule adds startup, shutdown, and malfunction (SSM) requirements, adds operating condition deviations for out-of-bounds monitoring parameters, requires timely control of bioreactor landfills, and changes the reporting frequency for one type of report.

The hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emitted by municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills include, but are not limited to, vinyl chloride, ethyl benzene, toluene, and benzene. Each of the HAP emitted from MSW landfills can cause adverse health effects provided sufficient exposure.

Rule History

04/08/2021 – Proposed Correction (pre-publication version)

10/13/2020 – Technical Correction

03/26/2020 – Final Rule

07/29/2019 - Proposed Rule

09/08/2006 – Proposed Rules

01/16/2003 – Final Rule

05/23/2002 – Supplement to Proposed Rule

11/07/2000 – Proposed Rule

Additional Resources

EPA hosted two virtual half-day sessions on January 26th and 28th, 2021 to explore recent air emissions measurement and monitoring developments from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills.

Fact Sheet - Proposed Corrections to National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Residual Risk and Technology Review

Fact Sheet: Final Amendments to Air Toxics Standards for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Fact Sheet: Proposed Amendments to the NESHAP for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: Background Information Document for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants - Public Comments and Responses

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Air Toxics Rule: Fact Sheet

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Landfill Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Standard Development

Related Rules

Municipal Solid Waste Landfills: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)

Compliance

Applicability Determination Index (ADI).  The ADI is maintained by EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and provides a data base of memoranda dealing with applicability issues.  The database is searchable by Subpart.

How to Prepare a Startup, Shutdown, Malfunction Plan for Collection and Control Systems at Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

Example Moisture Mass Balance Calculations for Bioreactor Landfills