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Chemical Data Reporting

2016 Chemical Data Reporting Results

On this page, EPA has summarized key information from the 2016 Chemical Data Reporting effort, which is EPA's most recent CDR data.

EPA is releasing the 2016 CDR data in stages. EPA released the initial 2016 CDR data in May 2017. The initial data includes national production volume (released in ranges), other manufacturing information, and processing and use information, except for information that was claimed by the submitter to be confidential business information (CBI) or information that is being withheld to protect CBI. EPA anticipates releasing additional data late in 2017 after completion of an effort to obtain CBI substantiation required by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, which amended the Toxic Substances Control Act.

Read an overview of the chemical manufacturing, processing, and use information collected.

Data access and summary

Access the data

Summary of initial 2016 CDR data

The basics

Who reported in 2016?

Manufacturers (including importers) of chemicals listed on the TSCA Inventory and produced in volumes of 25,000 pounds or more at a site during any of the calendar years 2012, 2013, 2014, or 2015.

What were the reporting thresholds?

  • Chemical substances manufactured with an annual volume of 25,000 lbs (11,340 kg) or more.
  • Lower thresholds applied for certain chemical substances subject to regulatory action under TSCA with an annual volume of 2,500 lbs (1,134 kg) or more.

What information was reported in 2016?

The initial 2016 CDR data contain the following information on chemical substances manufactured (including imported) for the year 2015:

  • Production volume of each reportable chemical reported separately as domestically manufactured volume and imported volume,
  • Manufacturing information, including the number of workers reasonably likely to be exposed, the physical form of the chemical substance,
  • Industrial processing and use including chemical-specific industrial function categories and the number of sites, and
  • Consumer and commercial use information including chemical-specific product categories, and whether the chemical was used in products intended for children.

For the years 2012, 2013, and 2014, manufacturers (including importers) also reported total annual production volume (domestically manufactured plus imported) of each reportable chemical.

When is the next CDR reporting period?

The next submission period will be in 2020, during which information for manufacture (including import) occurring in 2016 through 2019 will be reported to EPA.

What’s different from the data collection in 2012?

The CDR rule phased in a series of changes to the data collection that were fully implemented with the 2016 submission period. CDR’s improved reporting requirements will enhance the Agency’s ability to more effectively identify and address potential risks. Most changes became effective for the 2012 submission; however, some were implemented for the 2016 submission. These include:

  • Reporting is now triggered based on the volumes for any calendar year since the last principle reporting year. For 2016, reporting was triggered based on the production volume for 2012, 2013, 2014 or 2015. In contrast, reporting for 2012 was triggered based only on the production volume for 2011.
  • A new lower reporting threshold of 2,500 lbs (1,134 kg) or more became effective for chemical substances subject to certain TSCA actions. As of June 1, 2016, this threshold applied to chemicals subject to:
    • TSCA section 5(a)(2) Significant New Use Rule(s) (SNURs)
    • TSCA section 5(b)(4) Chemical of Concern List rules
    • TSCA section 6 rules containing prohibitions/restrictions arising from unreasonable risk findings
    • An order in effect under TSCA sections 5(e) or 5(f)
    • Relief that has been granted under a civil action under TSCA sections 5 or 7

The reporting threshold of 25,000 lbs for chemical substances not subject to these actions remains the same as it was for the 2012 CDR.

Processing and use information is now required for all reported chemical substances, unless the chemical substance is one of the listed partially exempted chemical substances. For the 2012 CDR, processing and use information was required only for chemical substances with a production volume of 100,000 lbs or greater.

Manufacturers (including importers) were required to report annual production volume for years prior to the principal reporting year. For the 2016 CDR, the prior years included 2012, 2013, and 2014. In contrast, for the 2012 CDR, the prior years only included 2010.

Comparison between 2012 and 2016 submission periods

Number of… 2012 2016
Total Form U’s Reported 4,935 5,603
Companies Reporting 1,987 2,247
Sites Reporting 4,305 4,917
Chemicals Reported 7,970 8,707
Chemicals Reported as Domestically Manufactured 5,881 5,919
Chemicals Reported as Imported 4,118 4,415
Chemicals with Downstream Processing and Use Information 5,858 7,930
Chemicals with Reported Industrial Process and Use Information 5,773 7,730
Chemicals with Reported Consumer/Commercial Use Information (total) 4,716 7,106

Consumer Use Only

687 1,012

Commercial Use Only

2,571 3,874

Commercial and Consumer Use

1,458 2,220
Chemicals Reported as Used in Children’s Products 377 465

Using the database

Factors to consider when using the database

The initial 2016 Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) database provides the public, government officials, non‐governmental organizations, and industry access to non‐confidential information on the manufacture, import, processing, and use of chemicals in commerce at national and regional levels.

Reporting thresholds

CDR reporting is triggered by the amount of a chemical manufactured (including imported), rather than the hazard or potential exposures associated with a chemical. Understanding reporting thresholds of manufactured (including imported) chemicals that trigger reporting is important when using and interpreting the 2016 CDR data.

  • Reporting was triggered in 2016 based on whether site-specific production volume met or exceeded 25,000 pounds during any calendar year between 2012 and 2015.
  • For chemicals subject to certain TSCA actions, the production volume reporting threshold was lowered to 2,500 pounds or greater.
  • For all reportable chemicals, manufacturers (including importers) were required to report in 2016 full manufacturing data for calendar year 2015 and production volume for each calendar year 2012-2014.

Due to these reporting thresholds, totals of CDR production volumes reported for 2016 may underestimate the actual total amount manufactured and imported in the United States, particularly if there are a substantial number of sites that manufacture (including import) the chemical in quantities less than 25,000 pounds per year. When comparing changes in production over time at the site, particularly on the regional or national levels, it is important to take into account changes in the reporting thresholds across the years of available data.

Reporting in ranges

The following data elements are reported as ranges to reduce the industry reporting burden:

  • Manufacturing Information:
    • Number of workers reasonably likely to be exposed to the chemical
    • Maximum concentration of the chemical
  • Processing and Use Information:
    • Percent production volume for each product category
    • Number of Sites for each product category
    • Number of workers for each product category
    • Maximum concentration for consumer and commercial use

Processing and use information

Often the processing and use of chemicals is not under the control of the manufacturers (including importers); therefore they might have incomplete knowledge of these activities. Manufacturers (including importers) were required to report processing and use information that was known to or reasonably ascertainable by them. They were not required to collect information from their customers about end uses. Also, CDR submitters were not required to report processing and use information for quantities exported. As a result of these factors, the processing and use information in the CDR public database presents only a limited picture of the actual processing and use situation in the United States.

Confidential business information

The initial 2016 CDR public database provides non-confidential information on the manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals in commerce in the United States. It is important for users of the CDR public database to understand what data submitters can claim as confidential business information (CBI), and the way in which the public database has been aggregated and masked to protect CBI.

Submitters may designate individual CDR data elements as CBI when they report information. However, chemical identity may only be claimed confidential if the chemical is listed on the confidential portion of the TSCA Inventory.

Processing and use data elements can be claimed as CBI if a manufacturer (including importer) believes that the release of information will reveal trade secrets or confidential commercial or financial information. Submitters are required to provide upfront substantiations of confidentiality claims for chemical identity, site identification, and processing and use information by answering a series of questions in the reporting form. A blank response or a response that is designated as “not known or reasonably ascertainable” may not be claimed as confidential.

Production volume may also be designated as CBI. If all the production volumes of a chemical are not claimed as CBI, the public CDR database will include specific values for individual and aggregated production volumes for that chemical. However, if most or all of the production volumes reported for a given chemical substance are claimed as CBI, the individual CBI production volumes are not reported and aggregated production volumes are reported either as ranges or labeled as "withheld" to protect the CBI claims.

In preparing the CDR public database, EPA takes care to avoid release of CBI while also publishing as much information as possible. Users examining individual records will notice CBI protected entries in particular data fields. When using aggregated CDR data, users should recognize that they do not have access to the complete set of data.

In June 2016, the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act amended the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). EPA interprets the revised TSCA section 14(c)(3) as requiring substantiation of non-exempt CBI claims at the time the information claimed as CBI is submitted to EPA.

Under TSCA section 14(c)(2), CDR submissions containing information claimed as CBI filed between June 22, 2016 and March 21, 2017, must answer a series of questions to substantiate information claimed as confidential, other than information exempt from substantiation requirements pursuant to TSCA Section 14(c)(2). EPA is giving submitters until September 19, 2017, to provide substantiations to the Agency. EPA intends to release additional data after the substantiations are complete.

Exemptions

Chemicals exempt from reporting

Manufacturers (including importers) may not be required to report information on certain chemicals to CDR because of the type of chemical or because of the manner of manufacture (including import) or use of the chemical.

  • Chemicals manufactured (including imported) for non-TSCA uses are not required to be reported (e.g., pesticides are exempt from regulation by TSCA). If a portion of a manufacturer’s (including importer’s) production is not subject to TSCA (for example, if the use is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration), then the production associated with the non-TSCA second use will not be reported to CDR. Note that manufacturers may report downstream non-TSCA uses for their chemical.
  • Generally, water and naturally occurring substances are exempt from CDR requirements. Three other groups of chemicals (polymers, microorganisms, and certain forms of natural gas) are also generally exempt from CDR requirements. It is important to note that a particular polymer, microorganism, or form of natural gas may not be exempt if the chemical becomes the subject of certain TSCA actions, such as an enforceable consent agreement.
  • Chemicals that are non-isolated intermediates, imported as part of an article, impurities, or byproducts destined for certain commercial uses are exempt from reporting.

Manufacturers exempt from reporting

Small manufacturers (including importers) who meet one of the following requirements are generally exempt from CDR requirements if:

  • Total sales during 2015, combined with those of the parent company, domestic or foreign (if any), are less than $4 million; or
  • Total sales during 2015 of the parent company, domestic or foreign (if any), are less than $40 million and annual production volume of a qualifying chemical substance does not exceed 100,000 pounds at any individual plant site. If the annual production volume of the chemical substance at any particular site is more than 100,000 pounds, the manufacturer is required to report for that particular site.

Frequently Asked Questions

What information is EPA releasing at this time?

EPA is releasing new information collected under the Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) rule. This is an initial release of the 2016 CDR data. The CDR information collection is carried out pursuant to section 8 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Under the CDR rule, EPA collects basic exposure-related information on the types, quantities and uses of chemical substances produced domestically and imported into the United States. This information constitutes a comprehensive source of basic screening-level, exposure-related information on chemicals available to EPA, and is used by the Agency and others to help assess potential health or environmental effects of chemicals in commerce.

What is the initial data release? When will the rest of the data be released?

This initial release of the 2016 CDR data includes national production volume, other manufacturing information, and processing and use information, except for information that was claimed by the submitter to be confidential business information (CBI) or information that is being withheld to protect CBI. EPA anticipates releasing additional data late in 2017 after the completion of an ongoing CBI substantiation process required by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, which amended TSCA.

How does this information help stakeholders?

The publication of this database is valuable to multiple stakeholders including industry, environmental groups, and concerned citizens interested in access to current information on chemicals in commerce. In addition, States, Tribes, and local governments can utilize this data to inform policy decisions.

How does this information help EPA with implementation of the amended TSCA?

As required by the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, EPA has identified the initial 10 chemicals for risk evaluations. Information from 2012 and 2016 CDR has been used to identify current uses and production volumes for these chemicals as part of the scope requirements for these chemicals. The CDR data will continue to inform future prioritization, risk evaluation, and risk management work under new TSCA.

What are the differences between the 2012 data and the 2016 data? 

There are several differences between the 2012 and 2016 data. These are detailed in Chemical Data Reporting Results.  

What does the CBI substantiation process entail?

Under TSCA section 14(c)(2), CDR submissions containing information claimed as CBI filed between June 22, 2016, and March 21, 2017, must provide a substantiation for all information claimed as confidential, other than information exempt from substantiation requirements pursuant to TSCA Section 14(c)(2). EPA is giving submitters until September 19, 2017, to provide substantiations to the Agency. Learn more about the CBI substantiation process at www.epa.gov/tsca-cbi.

Why is some submitted or amended information not reflected in the data release?

EPA is including information submitted or amended on or before May 19, 2017. Information submitted after May 19, 2017, is not included in this data release. Information submitted before May 19, 2017, was reviewed by EPA and submitted to a technical audit for data quality. As a result of EPA’s data quality checks, inconsistencies or errors were removed from this public release and information may not appear exactly as it was submitted.

Why is some information marked “withheld” if it was not claimed as Confidential Business Information (CBI)?

Because the CBI substantiation process is ongoing, EPA withheld some information (even if it was not claimed CBI) if its public release at this time could result in a later disclosure of CBI. Following the completion of the CBI substantiation process, EPA plans to release currently withheld information if it would not result in the disclosure of CBI.

Why are the total production volumes for each chemical displayed in ranges? Why are the individual production volumes for each site withheld?

At this time, EPA is presenting the national total, or aggregate, production volumes for each chemical in ranges due to the ongoing CBI substantiation process. The individual or site-specific production volumes are withheld at this time due to the same process. Release of the total and individual production volumes at this time could result in a later disclosure of CBI. Following the completion of the CBI substantiation process, EPA plans to release currently withheld information if it would not result in the disclosure of CBI.

Did you miss the 2016 submission deadline or do you need to amend your submission?

Read about self-disclosure and get reporting help from eCDRweb@epa.gov.