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Chesapeake Bay TMDL

EPA's Review of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) Permits and Nutrient Management Plans in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Starting in 2013, EPA conducted reviews of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) permits and their associated nutrient management plans (NMPs) (which are enforceable terms and conditions of their CAFO permits) in six of the Bay jurisdictions (Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia). EPA’s reviews assessed whether those permits and plans are enforceable and consistent with federal CAFO regulations. EPA’s reviews also assessed whether the permits and plans—and how they are implemented—are consistent with, and effectively achieving the jurisdictions’ Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs). EPA will use these reviews to help the jurisdictions improve their CAFO permit programs.


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