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About the Federal Air Rules for Reservations (FARR)

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What is the FARR?

The Federal Air Rules for Indian Reservations are a set of air quality regulations that apply to Indian reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington. The FARR became effective on June 7, 2005.


Who's covered by the FARR?

The FARR applies to all residents (both tribal members and non-tribal members) and businesses located within the federally-recognized exterior boundaries of the 39 reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington listed below. The ownership status of land on the reservation does not affect how the rules apply.

Tribe State
List of Indian Reservations Covered by the FARR
Burns Paiute Tribe of the Burns Paiute Indian Colony of Oregon Oregon
Coeur d’Alene Tribe of the Coeur d'Alene Reservation Idaho
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation Washington
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation Washington
Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon Oregon
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon Oregon
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Oregon
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Oregon
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation Oregon
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation Washington
Coquille Tribe of Oregon Oregon
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon Oregon
Hoh Indian Tribe of the Hoh Indian Reservation Washington
Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe of Washington Washington
Kalispel Indian community of the Kalispel Reservation Washington
Klamath Indian tribe of Oregon Oregon
Kootenai Tribe of Idaho Idaho
Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation Washington
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation Washington
Makah Indian Tribe of the Makah Indian Reservation Washington
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation Washington
Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho Idaho
Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation Washington
Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington Washington
Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation Washington
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation Washington
Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation Washington
Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation Washington
Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe of Washington Washington
Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation Washington
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Indian Reservation Idaho
Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation Washington
Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation Washington
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation Washington
Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington Washington
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation Washington
Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation Washington
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation Washington
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington Washington

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Why is the FARR important?

The FARR protects human health and the environment for approximately 200,000 people on reservations in the Pacific Northwest. Before these rules were passed, very few basic air quality rules applied to Indian reservations under the federal Clean Air Act. State and local air agencies do not have authority to administer their rules on Indian lands.

The EPA has not yet approved any tribal-managed air programs in Idaho, Oregon and Washington, so the FARR is an important step in ensuring that federally enforceable rules are in place to provide basic air quality protection on these reservations.

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Who enforces the FARR?

The EPA has sole enforcement authority under the FARR.

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FARR rules in the Code of Federal Regulations

The FARR is made up of the following 16 federal rules published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):

  1. Partial Delegation of Administrative Authority to a Tribe - 40 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations Title 40) Part 49, Section 122 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  2. Visible Emissions - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 124 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  3. Particulate Matter - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 125 (PDF)(1 pg, 180 K)
  4. Fugitive Particulate Matter - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 126 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  5. Woodwaste Burners - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 127 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  6. Particulate Matter Emissions from Wood Products Industry Sources - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 128 (PDF)(2 pp, 199 K)
  7. Sulfur Dioxide - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 129 (PDF)(1 pg, 196 K)
  8. Sulfur Content of Fuels - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 130 (PDF)(2 pp, 222 K)
  9. Open Burning - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 131 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  10. General Open Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 132 (PDF)(3 pp, 187 K)
  11. Agricultural Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 133 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  12. Forestry and Silvicultural Burning Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 134 (PDF)(2 pp, 184 K)
  13. Emissions Detrimental to Public Health or Welfare - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 135 (PDF)(1 pg, 180 K)
  14. Air Pollution Episodes - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 137 (PDF)(3 pp, 201 K)
  15. Registration of Air Pollution Sources and Report of Emissions - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 138 (PDF)(3 pp, 201 K)
  16. Non-Title V Operation Permits - 40 CFR Part 49, Section 139 (PDF)(4 pp, 189 K)

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