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Fuels Registration, Reporting, and Compliance Help

Annual Compliance Data for Obligated Parties and Renewable Fuel Exporters under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Program

Data current as of June 9, 2017.

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Background Information on Annual Compliance

Gasoline and diesel refiners and importers (Obligated Parties) and exporters of renewable fuel are required to demonstrate compliance with Renewable Volume Obligations (RVOs) for cellulosic biofuel (CB), biomass-based diesel (BBD), advanced biofuel (AB), and renewable fuel (RF).

Obligated parties calculate their annual RVOs by using the following formula for each of the four renewable fuel types:

RVO = Combined production/import of gasoline & diesel x annual percent standard set for CB, BBD, AB, and RF + any carry-over deficit from previous year.

Exporters of renewable fuel calculate their annual RVOs by using the following formula for each type of renewable fuel they export:

Exporter RVO = fuel type (ethanol, biodiesel, etc.) times the associated equivalence value.

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Obligated parties may obtain credits representing renewable fuel (which are called Renewable Identification Numbers or RINs) throughout the compliance year.  After the completion of a compliance year, obligated parties retire the number and type of RINs required to achieve compliance with each of their applicable RVOs. Exporters must demonstrate compliance with the RVO associated with each discrete volume of exported renewable fuel within thirty days of export.

The tables below provide summary totals of annual compliance with Obligated Party and Exporter RVOs, as well as other data relevant to the RFS program.

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Table 1: Estimated versus Actual Gasoline and Diesel Volume Produced for Domestic Use

The projected gasoline and diesel volume produced for domestic use is provided by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) and is used in setting the annual standards. The actual total gasoline and diesel production volume is the sum of individual production volumes reported by Obligated Parties that are subject to the annual RFS standards.

Compliance Year EIA Outlook total gasoline & diesel fuel used in setting annual standards (gallons) Total gasoline & diesel fuel reported by Obligated Parties (gallons)
2010 156,969,696,970 153,191,431,635
2011 174,157,303,371 167,695,179,513
2012 164,680,390,033 166,641,404,810
2013 169,917,864,476 172,975,631,183
2014 177,140,000,000 177,042,539,710
2015 177,860,000,000 180,526,694,959
2016 179,320,000,000 180,184,130,379

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Table 2: Total RVO for Each Compliance Year

Total Obligated Party RVOs are reported to EPA by Obligated Parties annually. For more information about calculating an RVO, see the section above on: Background Information on Annual Compliance

The table below identifies the:
  • Volumes anticipated by EPA in setting the annual standards
    (in ethanol equivalent gallons for all biofuels except biodiesel which is physical gallons of biodiesel)
  • RIN volume obligations actually reported for compliance
    (determined by multiplying reported gasoline/diesel volumes by the RVO percent standard)
NOTES:
  • This table:
    • Only lists the calculated exported amount under the determined RVO; and
    • Breaks out each biofuel component separately.
  • Exporter RVO is calculated by multiplying the gallons of renewable fuel exported by the associated fuel’s equivalence value.
  • Reported deficits are based on prior-year compliance.
  • Total RVO is determined by summing reported volume obligations, exported renewable fuel and reported deficit.
Compliance Year RVO Category Cellulosic Biofuel (gallons) Biomass-Based Diesel (gallons) Advanced Biofuel (gallons) Renewable Fuel (gallons)
2010 RFS Projected Volume Obligations1 6,500,000 1,150,000,000 950,000,000 12,950,000,000
2010 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
6,182,591 1,685,124,090 934,467,733 12,638,293,110
2010 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
0 224,924,741 147,606,066 445,449,429
2010 Reported Deficit N/A N/A N/A N/A
2010 Total RVO 6,182,591 1,910,048,831 1,082,073,799 13,083,742,439
2011 RFS Projected Volume Obligations1 N/A 800,000,000 1,350,000,000 13,950,000,000
2011 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
N/A 1,169,542,497 1,322,078,953 13,576,733,859
2011 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
N/A 50,966,870 50,024,585 621,872,385
2011 Reported Deficit N/A 227,120,812 229,693,190 163,353,609
2011 Total RVO 0 1,447,630,179 1,601,796,728 14,361,959,853
2012 RFS Projected Volume Obligations1 N/A 1,000,000,000 2,000,000,000 15,200,000,000
2012 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
N/A 1,516,436,784 2,016,360,998 15,381,001,664
2012 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
0 107,708,996 0 392,786,175
2012 Reported Deficit N/A 45,802,515 37,394,607 68,763,484
2012 Total RVO 0 1,669,948,294 2,053,755,607 15,842,551,323
2013 RFS Projected Volume Obligations1 818,517 1,280,000,000 2,750,000,000 16,550,000,000
2013 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
864,878 1,954,624,632 2,802,205,225 16,847,826,477
2013 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
0 115,230,308 0 331,563,935
2013 Reported Deficit N/A 28,488,338 19,405,830 75,236,441
2013 Total RVO 864,878 2,098,343,278 2,821,611,055 17,254,626,853
2014 RFS Projected Volume Obligations 33,000,000 1,630,000,000 2,670,000,000 16,280,000,000
2014 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
33,638,083 2,496,299,810 2,673,342,350 16,270,209,399
2014 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
0 132,541,406 0 388,662,371
2014 Reported Deficit 31 23,535,850 26,605,634 68,855,617
2014 Total RVO 33,638,114 2,652,377,066 2,699,947,984 16,727,727,387
2015 RFS Projected Volume Obligations 123,000,000 1,730,000,000 2,880,000,000 16,930,000,000
2015 Reported Volume Obligations
(volume multiplied by the standard)
124,563,420 2,689,847,755 2,924,532,458 17,186,141,360
2015 Exported Renewable Fuel
(gallons multiplied by the equivalence value)
0 145,453,130 0 398,397,124
2015 Reported Deficit 7,615 20,617,932 21,995,430 168,619,208
2015 Total RVO 123,007,615 1,896,071,062 2,901,995,430 17,497,016,332
2016 RFS Projected Volume 230,000,000 1,900,000,000 3,610,000,000 18,110,000,000
2016 Reported Volume Obligations (volume multiplied by the standard) 230,635,687 2,864,927,673 3,621,701,021 18,198,587,168
2016 Exported Renewable Fuel 0 159,433,257 616,080 448,069,507
2016 Reported Deficit 22,823 5,555,088 4,896,658 10,418,768
2016 Total RVO 230,658,510 3,029,916,018 3,627,213,759 18,657,085,443

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Table 3: Total RIN Retirements for Annual Compliance Reported by Gasoline and Diesel Importers

The following table shows the total number of RIN retirements in the EPA Moderated Transaction System (EMTS) for annual compliance  by companies reporting an RVO as a Gasoline/Diesel Importer. RIN generation under the RFS2 program began in July 2010.

Compliance Year RIN Year D3 RINs D4 RINs D5 RINs D6 RINs D7 RINs
2010 2010 0 32,383,105 1,087,451 397,571,032 0
2011 2010  N/A 7,402,875 910,259 321,103,263 0
2011  N/A 167,246,013 18,282,162 1,414,365,624 0
2012 2011  N/A 8,976,183 1,698,163 109,933,808 0
2012  N/A 44,915,835 14,807,585 464,506,905 0
2013 2012  N/A 3,726,729 8,164,517 42,064,819 123
2013 495 76,681,584 21,692,645 426,802,089 0
2014 2013 0 16,370,943 1,184,899 30,790,127 7,553
2014 238,252 65,187,113 3,638,250 383,806,261 0
2015 2014 253,015 12,884,054 591,109 68,814,811 0
2015 2,882,222 70,987,813 2,056,285 379,542,689 0
2016 2015 803,001 6,933,175 5,869,593 61,410,494 0
2016 4,483,095 81,768,072 941,133 343,735,171 0
 

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Table 4: Total RIN Retirements for Annual Compliance Reported by Gasoline/Diesel Refiners

The following table shows the total number of RIN retirements in EMTS for annual compliance by companies reporting an RVO as a Gasoline/Diesel Refiner. Gasoline/Diesel Refiners report compliance on either an Aggregated Refiner or Facility-by-Facility basis. RIN generation under the RFS2 program began in July 2010.

Compliance Year RIN Year D3 RINs D4 RINs D5 RINs D6 RINs D7 RINs
2010 2010 0 161,731,886 23,720,991 3,390,488,902 0
2011 2010  N/A 49,966,029 2,669,842 1,920,351,778 0
2011  N/A 1,027,143,577 152,386,595 7,769,788,969 0
2012 2011  N/A 268,961,057 49,103,786 3,060,020,326 0
2012  N/A 1,253,864,252 415,188,881 10,080,658,460 0
2013 2012  N/A 244,478,487 156,284,147 2,038,133,144 1,618
2013 272,459 1,929,434,761 484,181,290 11,450,141,829 322,896
2014
 
2013 121,704 478,831,851 41,607,524 1,041,242,112 53,252
2014 20,783,114 2,026,671,104 84,285,790 11,940,537,686 45,449
2015 2014 11,709,263 372,387,036 54,001,630 1,272,646,053 0
2015 97,996,971 2,277,525,641 44,554,377 12,626,678,939 100,000
2016 2015 38,181,917 261,289,064 93,902,516 1,163,751,707 90,000
2016 151,020,763 2,811,528,531 82,857,917 12,594,634,574 480,988
 

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Table 5: Total RIN Retirements for Annual Compliance Reported by Renewable Fuel Exporters

The following table shows the total number of RIN retirements in EMTS for annual compliance by companies reporting an RVO as Renewable Fuel Exporters. Renewable fuel exporters include exporters of neat renewable fuel, as well as exporters of renewable fuel blended with other fuels (including, but not limited to, gasoline, diesel, heating oil, jet fuel, and marine fuel). RIN generation under the RFS2 program began in July 2010.

Compliance Year RIN Year D3 RINs D4 RINs D5 RINs D6 RINs D7 RINs
2010 2010 0 28,595,556 0 175,748,502 0
2011 2010  N/A 3,395,261 0 77,205,266 0
2011  N/A 68,243,730 0 552,922,071 0
2012 2011  N/A 19,122,863 21,550 109,565,908 0
2012  N/A 83,207,852 462,176 316,802,256 0
2013 2012  N/A 13,814,616 846,528 23,356,902 0
2013 20,069 110,907,514 2,441,413 277,498,449 0
2014 2013 0 24,579,129 13,217 10,860,315 0
2014 0 109,261,389 0 380,301,595 0
2015 2014 0 13,212,493 0 10,059,361 0
2015 0 130,139,080 0 389,749,558 0
2016 2015 0 200,684 0 19,982,976 0
2016 0 201,783,655 0 400,622,773 0
 

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Table 6: RFS2 RIN Retirements in EMTS Nested by RVO

RFS2 RIN retirements  for annual compliance nested by each of the annual RVOs (CB, BBD, AB, and RF). RIN years are combined together.

Compliance Year Cellulosic Biofuel (D3 + D7) Biomass Based Diesel (D4 + D7) Advanced Biofuel (D3, D4, D5, & D7) Renewable Fuel (D3, D4, D5, D6, & D7)
2010  0 222,710,547 247,518,989 4,211,327,425
2011  N/A 2 1,323,397,485 1,497,646,343 13,553,383,314
2012  N/A2  1,679,048,042 2,160,330,183 16,301,817,846
2013  617,660 2,379,368,328 3,053,271,891 17,311,269,123
2014  21,249,324 2,721,007,783 2,872,880,533 16,660,418,629
2015  112,941,471 2,877,236,117 3,091,280,989 17,838,772,400
2016  195,059,764 3,364,074,169 3,742,134,104 18,326,271,799

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Table 7: Total End-of-Year Compliance Deficits for Each Compliance Year

When an obligated party or exporter does not retire enough RINs to meet an RVO, the result is a compliance deficit. The deficit is carried over into the next compliance year and is added to the obligated party’s/exporter’s RVO calculation. This table shows total industry-reported compliance deficits by RVO and compliance year.

Compliance Year Cellulosic Biofuel Biomass-Based Diesel Advanced Biofuel Renewable Fuel
20101 31,543 227,120,812 229,693,190 163,353,609
20111 No data2 45,802,515 37,394,607 68,763,484
2012 No data2 28,488,338 19,405,830 75,236,441
2013 31 23,535,850 26,605,634 68,855,617
2014 7,615 20,617,932 21,995,430 168,619,208
2015 22,823 5,555,088 4,896,658 10,418,768
2016 4,450,063 40,944,372 66,455,344 390,480,824
Notes:
1  Does not include RFS1.

2  Cellulosic biofuel standards for 2011 and 2012 were set and subsequently removed due to legal challenges of those respective standards, resulting in no cellulosic biofuel standard for 2011 and 2012.

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