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EPA in Ohio

Garland Road Landfill Site

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February 2017 Update

Environmental Protection Agency began work on the Garland Road Landfill site, located at the intersection of Frederick-Garland Road and the Stillwater River near Union, Ohio (See map). The purpose of the work is to install erosion and sediment controls to prevent waste from leaving the landfill area. Currently, U.S. EPA is not aware of any contamination from the site moving to the river or nearby farmland.

Area residents and Stillwater River visitors might notice heavy equipment at the location as well as tree removal within the site boundaries. New vegetation will be planted once the new protective cover is constructed. U.S. EPA expects work at the site to be completed in 2019.

EPA clears select trees  from the Garland Road Landfill Site.The first stage of work at the site will include the following:

  • Installing a stabilized construction entrance for vehicles and personnel.
  • Clearing vegetation and grubbing in preparation for the installation of erosion and sediment controls outside waste limit the western side of the site.
  • Installing perimeter erosion and sediment controls outside the waste limit on the western side of the site.
  • Possibly upgrading the existing dirt and gravel road along the western side of the site.
  • Constructing a decontamination pad area to ensure vehicles and crews do not track soil outside of the site boundaries.
  • Clearing and grubbing in preparation for the remaining erosion and sediment controls on the site’s perimeter.
  • Installing the remaining perimeter erosion and sediment controls on eastern side of the site (next to the river).
  • Constructing a sedimentation basin, and stabilizing it with vegetation. The purpose of the sedimentation basin is to capture eroded or disturbed soil that is washed off during rain storms, protecting the water quality of the river.
  • Constructing a drainage channel and upgrading the existing road on east side that leads to the sediment basin.
  • Clearing some of the trees within the site boundaries
  • Decommissioning any existing monitoring wells at the site.

Site Description

The Garland Road Landfill is located a few miles north of the city of Union, Ohio on the western bank of the Stillwater River (a designated state scenic river) in Miami County. The site is bounded on the north by Frederick-Garland Road, on the east by the Stillwater River, and on the south and west by farmland. The landfill consists of 15 acres used for municipal and industrial waste disposal from the early 1960s through 1970.

 Location of the Garland Road Landfill Site (click to enlarge).   

Site Background

In March 1991, Ohio EPA investigations discovered at least 400 drums scattered about the landfill’s surface and on the river bank. A follow-up visit was conducted by Ohio EPA in July 1992, to collect samples of drum materials and surrounding soil for analysis. Results of the analysis of drum and soil samples indicated the presence of chlorinated and non-chlorinated organic solvents, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and heavy metals.

In 1993, the U.S. EPA issued a unilateral order for General Motors Corporation to remove the contaminated drums and soil from the site. General Motors conducted the removal activities that included excavation of approximately 13,000 drums, and over 14,000 tons of soil and debris. The removal action involved the on-site treatment of the contaminated soils using a low temperature thermal desorption process. This removed the majority of the volatile organic compounds and the polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from the soils and was followed by stabilization treatment to immobilize any remaining heavy metal contamination. The on-site soil treatment was completed in September of 1997.

General Motors Corporation conducted investigations and proposed alternatives for the site through a process called an Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analyses before going into bankruptcy.

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