An official website of the United States government.

We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Smart Growth

Create a Range of Housing Choices Case Study: Hismen Hin-Nu Terrace, Oakland, California

Hismen Hin-Nu Terrace is a 1.5 acre, mixed-use development in Oakland’s San Antonio district. The San Antonio Community Development Corporation, East Bay Asian Local Development Corporation, and Oakland Redevelopment Agency worked together to redevelop an abandoned grocery store site in a distressed area. The development helped revitalize the neighborhood with 92 affordable rental homes, a community center, courtyards, and commercial space.

Housing ranges from one- and two-bedroom apartments to three- and four-bedroom townhouses. Forty percent of the units are available to households at 35 percent of median area income; the remainder are for households at 50 to 60 percent of median area income. The development is on a major bus route that connects to the nearby Fruitvale Bay Area Rapid Transit station.

The project designer engaged community members in interactive design workshops. Participants decided to step building heights from four stories in front to three stories in back, creating courtyard space while maintaining a relatively high residential density of 61 units per acre.

The community chose a variety of environmentally friendly finishing materials. The resulting building reflects the Mission Revival style of older structures in the neighborhood. Balconies and windows allow residents to watch over the street, improving the community's security.

The commercial space includes an early childhood education center, nonprofit offices, a convenience store, and a two-story market hall for local vendors and start-up businesses. The market activity contributes to the vibrancy of the street, combining with the landscaping to create a comfortable, safe, walkable neighborhood. The project spurred redevelopment in the surrounding neighborhood, including new homes and the renovation of two restaurants.

A National Endowment for the Arts grant funded outdoor art celebrating the residents' and neighborhood's cultural diversity. The development received numerous awards, including the Rudy Bruner Silver Medal Award for Excellence in Urban Environment in 1997, the Gold Nugget Award for Best Affordable Housing Development at the Pacific Coast Builders Conference in 1995, and the National Award for Merit from the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials in 1995.

This case study was published in 2006.

Find other case studies in Smart Growth Illustrated that discuss the 10 smart growth principles.

Hismen Hin-Nu Terrace Central Courtyard
A central courtyard above the parking garage provides a safe place for children to play. Photo courtesy of Pyatok Associates.
Hismen Hin-Nu Mission Revival Style Building
This facade reflects the Mission Revival style of neighboring apartment buildings. Recessed balconies and articulation make the building look smaller. Photo courtesy of Pyatok Associates.
Hismen Hin-Nu Terrace Vending Stalls
Vending stalls on a major commercial street are ideal for people who want to start a retail business but have limited funds. Photo courtesy of Pyatok Associates.
Hismen Hin-Nu Terrace Art
Art throughout the complex reflects the cultures of the tenants. Photo courtesy of Pyatok Associates.

Top of Page