We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

The Printing and Publishing Industry: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

Rule Summary

The rule requires existing and new major sources to control emissions using the maximum achievable control technology (MACT) to control hazardous air pollutants (HAP). The final rule includes organic HAP emission limits for publication rotogravure, product and packaging rotogravure, and wide-web flexographic printing. A variety of organic HAP are used as solvents and components of inks and other materials used by printers. The HAP emitted by the facilities covered by this final rule include xylene, toluene, ethylbenzene, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, methanol, ethylene glycol, and certain glycol ethers. All of these pollutants can cause reversible or irreversible toxic effects following exposure.

These standards will reduce nationwide emissions of HAP from rotogravure and wide-web flexographic printing operations by approximately 6700 Mg/yr (7400 tpy) in 1999 and, to some extent, reduce volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions from those same operations.

Rule History

04/21/2011 – Final Rule

10/21/2010 – Proposed Rule

05/24/2006 – Proposed Rule & Direct Final Rule

05/30/1996 – Final Rule

04/03/1995 – Federal Register Correction

03/14/1995 – Proposed Rule

Additional Resources

National Emission Standards For Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) For The Printing and Publishing Industry Background Information For Promulgated Standards

Fact Sheet: Final Air Toxics Regulation for the Printing and Publishing Industry

View the supporting documents in the docket folder to find additional related documents to the 2006 final rule.

View the supporting documents in the docket folder to find additional related documents to the 2011 final rule.

Related Rules

Control Of Volatile Organic Emissions From Existing Stationary Sources: Graphic Arts Rotogravure and Flexography

Control Techniques Guidelines for Offset Lithographic Printing and Letterpress Printing

Alternative Control Techniques Document Offset Lithographic Printing

Control Techniques Guidelines for Flexible Package Printing

Publication Rotogravure Printing (Graphic Arts Industry): New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)

Flexible Vinyl and Urethane Coating and Printing: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)