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Surface Coating of Metal Furniture: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

Rule Summary

This action promulgates national emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP) for new and existing metal furniture surface coating operations located at major sources of hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions. The final standards implement section 112(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) which requires the Administrator to regulate emissions of HAP listed in section 112(b) of the CAA. The intent of the standards is to protect public health and the environment by requiring new and existing major sources to control emissions to the level attainable by implementing the maximum achievable control technology (MACT).

Metal furniture surface coating operations emit HAP such as xylene, toluene, glycol ethers, and ethylbenzene. We anticipate that all new sources will take steps to reduce their actual and potential HAP emissions to below the major source threshold and avoid becoming subject to the NESHAP. Therefore, we are not attributing any HAP emission reduction for new sources to the rule. For existing major sources, we estimate compliance with the emission limits will result in a reduction of nationwide organic HAP emissions of 14,800 Mg/yr (16,300 tpy). This represents a reduction of approximately 73 percent from the baseline organic HAP emissions of 20,300 Mg/yr (22,308 tpy). Emissions of the HAP methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE) are included in the emission inventory and emission reduction estimates for this source category. Both HAP have been delisted since promulgation of the final rule.

Rule History

09/12/2018 - Proposed Risk and Technology Review

05/23/2003 – Final Rule

04/24/2002 – Proposed Rule

Additional Resources

A draft version of the Surface Coating of Metal Furniture §63.4921(c) Semiannual compliance report CEDRI Spreadsheet Template is available for comment.  The Spreadsheet will be submitted using EPA’s Compliance and Emissions Data Reporting Interface (CEDRI) after proposal is finalized. All comments/questions for the spreadsheet template should be submitted to the docket (identified by Docket ID No. EPA -HQ-OAR-2003-0014) using the Federal eRulemaking Portal:

Fact Sheet: Surface Coating of Large Appliances; Printing, Coating, and Dyeing of Fabrics and Other Textiles; and Surface Coating of Metal Furniture Residual Risk and Technology Reviews

Emissions Risk Modeling File Review Tool and Instructions - use this tool to provide public comments on the emissions used to model health risk for the proposed risk and technology review rule

Final Rule to Reduce Toxic Air Pollutants from Surface Coating of Metal Furniture Fact Sheet

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP): Surface Coating of Metal Furniture Summary of Public Comments and Responses on Proposed Rule

NESHAP For Source Category Metal Furniture Surface Coating Background Information For Proposed Standards

Related Rules

Control Techniques Guidelines for Metal Coatings Furniture

Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Exisiting Stationary Sources: Surface Coating of Metal Furniture

Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions from Wood Furniture Manufaturing Operations

Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources: Control Methods for Surface-Coating Operations

Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)

Surface Coating of Metal Furniture: New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)


Compliance Timeline for Surface Coating of Metal Furniture

Applicability Determination Index (ADI).  The ADI is maintained by EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) and provides a data base of memoranda dealing with applicability issues.  The database is searchable by Subpart.