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Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

Superfund Sites in Reuse in Alaska

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Arctic Surplus Capped Site Reuse

The 24.5-acre Arctic Surplus Salvage Yard (ASSY) Superfund site is located six miles south of Fairbanks, Alaska. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) operated a landfill on part of the site from 1944 to 1956. In 1959, DoD sold the site property. It became a salvage yard for several activities, including battery cracking for lead recycling, transformer draining, and ordnance and explosive scrap collection. In 1988, the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation detected high concentrations of metals in the soil and found large amounts of asbestos on site. Nearby residents depend on an aquifer located just beneath the site for their water supplies. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990, and immediately removed the asbestos, drums and contaminated soils. The DoD also began on-site soil treatment and isolated residual soil in a closed landfill covered with asphalt. DoD disposed of highly contaminated materials off site. Cleanup finished in 2005. EPA took the site off the NPL in 2006. The same year, a private owner began leasing the asphalt-covered cap as a parking lot for vehicles and trailers.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Ketchikan Pulp Company Core Infrastructure Reuse

Sawmill on the siteKetchikan Pulp CompanyThe Ketchikan Pulp Company site is located in Ward Cove, near Ketchikan, Alaska. The site includes a former pulp mill and about 160 acres of coastal areas. The Ketchikan Pulp Company began operating in 1954. The company directly released sulfite-contaminated pulp and wastewater into Ward Cove and surrounding tidelands. High quantities of organic materials and wood pulp entered into Ward Cove. Over time, the organic materials created anaerobic conditions and began to affect local organisms. Fuels, paints and heavy metals from the facilities also contaminated upland areas. The company ended operations in 1997 and sold the property to Gateway Forest Products, who operated a lumber mill until 2001. EPA began investigating the site in the early 1990s and required the Ketchikan Pulp Company to conduct cleanup. Cleanup activities included dredging contaminated sediments for consolidation and capping; placing a cap of clean material over the dredged areas; and implementing long-term monitoring and institutional controls to protect the newly cleaned areas. Cleanup activities and construction ended in 2001. After Gateway Forest Products ended operations in 2001, the Ketchikan Gateway Borough obtained the property and surrounding areas. In 2004, the Borough and EPA signed an environmental easement and declaration of covenants. This agreement allows continued access for cleanup-related work and the Borough agrees to follow institutional controls for the site. The Borough subdivided the property into many parcels. The Alaska Department of Transportation and the Alaska Marine Highway System use portions of the site for administrative and engineering buildings and the harbor for marine vessels. Power Systems and Supplies, also operating as Ward Cove Industries, purchased the site and have leased existing warehouse and shop space to a number of timber and marine related commercial businesses. The primary use of Ward Cove has been navigation and recreation, including fishing. In addition to a homeport for commercial fishing vessels, Ward Cove Industries LLC is planning for an industrial hub that will also serve the oil and gas, mining, transportation, tourism and timber industries. The new owners are aware of and complying with institutional controls at the site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 8 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 66 people and generated an estimated $2,352,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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