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Superfund Redevelopment Initiative

Superfund Sites in Reuse in Wisconsin

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Eau Claire Municipal Well Field Core Infrastructure Reuse

The Eau Claire Municipal Well Field Superfund site is located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. In the 1980s, routine groundwater sampling by the State of Wisconsin found chemicals in the municipal water supply. EPA determined that the National Presto Industries Superfund site, located nearby, was the source of the contamination. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. The site consists of 14 municipal groundwater wells in two well fields that provide drinking water to about 60,000 residential and commercial users. Cleanup activities included providing an alternate water source to affected residents and treating contaminated groundwater. Following cleanup, EPA took the site off the NPL in 2014.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Fox River NRDA/PCB Releases

The 1,669-acre Fox River NRDA/PCB Releases site is located in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Paper-mill operations contaminated sediments across a 39-mile stretch of the Fox River and Green Bay with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). EPA proposed the site for listing on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1998. Cleanup has included dredging river sediments and capping some contamination in place. Dredging completion is scheduled for the end of 2019, with some minor capping planned for 2020. Settlement funds supported projects to build fishing piers, trails and a boat launch. Cleanup also included ecological restoration work along portions of the Fox River. This work included restoration of wild rice areas on the Menominee Indian Reservation, restoration of the Cat Island Chain, wetland and stream restoration, and fishery improvements to increase populations of native fish.
Last updated April 2018

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Kohler Co. Landfill Capped Site Reuse

The 82-acre Kohler Co. Landfill Superfund site is located in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Since the 1950s, the Kohler Company’s manufacturing facilities used 40 acres of the site for the disposal of foundry and manufacturing wastes. Between 1950 and the 1970s, operators put in at least four pits for the disposal of oils, solvents and other wastes. Improper waste disposal resulted in the contamination of groundwater, surface water and sediments. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. Cleanup activities included landfill capping and groundwater and landfill wastewater collection as well as zoning and access restrictions. The City of Sheboygan’s water treatment facility treats contaminated groundwater and landfill wastewater and then discharges the clean water. The landfill will continue to accept non-hazardous industrial waste generated by the Kohler’s Company’s manufacturing facilities through 2030.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Lauer I Sanitary Landfill Capped Site Reuse

The 58-acre Lauer I Sanitary Landfill Superfund site is located in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin. From the mid-1950s through 1972, the landfill accepted various municipal and industrial wastes. The landfill closed in 1973. Shortly afterward, state inspectors identified leaking passageways between the landfill liquid (leachate) collection pond and a ditch that drains into the Menomonee River. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. From 1996 to 1998, Waste Management improved the landfill cap and methane collection system at the site. The company also collected leachate and sent wastewater to a treatment plant. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) and EPA work together to closely monitor wells near the site. WDNR and EPA are collaborating to ensure long-term protectiveness by improving groundwater, leachate and landfill gas monitoring. Waste Management integrated an asphalt-paved parking lot for garbage vehicles as part of the landfill cover.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 20 people and generated an estimated $5,488,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Murray Machinery Incorporated Capped Site Reuse

The 138-acre Murray Machinery Incorporated Superfund site is located in Stettin, Wisconsin. A foundry located on site primarily produced gray iron castings for the paper industry. Between 1966 and 1988, site operators disposed of foundry wastes in a landfill at the site and stored wastewater from emission control processes on site. In 1993, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) discovered contamination in site soils, surface water, sediment and groundwater. Leaking underground storage tanks found on site also contaminated soil. Murray Machinery installed a soil vapor extraction system. In 1994, EPA removed contaminated sediments and capped portions of the landfill. Wisconsin DNR covered the landfill with an asphalt cap and monitored groundwater. Brownfield Investments, LLC purchased the property after the completion of site cleanup activities. Currently, the site supports non-metallic mining, a sand and gravel business, an insulation distribution company and a wood truss manufacturing facility. A manufacturer of attachments for heavy equipment also leases a portion of the site’s refurbished foundry building.
Last updated October 2015

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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National Presto Industries, Inc. Capped Site Reuse

The 320-acre National Presto Industries Inc. Superfund site is located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. The federal government purchased the site property in the 1940s to manufacture radar tubes and ordnance chemicals for the war effort. National Presto Industries Inc. (NPI) acquired the property in 1947 and began manufacturing household appliances, outboard motors, aircraft parts, artillery shells and other defense-related products. Beginning in 1966, operators landfilled waste products on site, which led to groundwater contamination. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1986. NPI, the site’s potentially responsible party, put a groundwater extraction system in place and started operating it in 1987. NPI also connected affected residents to the public water supply in 1991 and capped contaminated wastes. Contracts between National Defense Corporation (NDC), an NPI subsidiary, and the U.S. Department of Defense ended in 1992. NPI dismantled most equipment on site. Remaining buildings are currently in use as warehousing and diaper manufacturing facilities. Groundwater extraction and soil vapor extraction are ongoing.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 5 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 212 people and generated an estimated $59,971,364 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Northern Engraving Co. Capped Site Reuse

The Northern Engraving Co. Superfund site in Sparta, Wisconsin, is located next to homes, businesses and the La Crosse River. Past wastewater treatment and disposal practices at the site resulted in soil, surface water and groundwater contamination. As a result, EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. Cleanup activities included the removal and consolidation of contaminated soil and sludge and lagoon capping. Access to the site is restricted and deed use restrictions are in place. After cleanup, EPA took the site off the NPL in 1997. Northern Engraving Corporation continues to manufacture metal nameplates, dials and decorative trim for the automotive industry on the 40-acre property.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 300 people and generated an estimated $30,000,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Northwestern Barrel

The Northwestern Barrel Superfund site occupies 18 acres on the Lake Michigan shoreline in South Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The site includes 13 acres of vacant property and a 5-acre residential area. A barrel reconditioning facility operated on the property from the early 1940s to 1964. Site operations included handling, washing and refurbishing steel drums and wooden barrels. These activities contaminated soil and groundwater. EPA did not place the site on the National Priorities List (NPL). However, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have led cleanup activities under EPA and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources supervision. The PRPs removed contaminated soil and waste. Cleanup workers also installed drain tile depressurization systems in on-site condominium buildings to collect any contaminated vapors from contaminated groundwater beneath the buildings and safely vent them away. These systems remain in operation. The PRPs also restored wetlands along the Lake Michigan shoreline and put erosion controls in place. The PRPs finished cleanup activities in 2012. The City of South Milwaukee owns the vacant portion of the site. Residential use on the rest of the site – Marina Cliffs Condominiums – is ongoing.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Omega Hills North Landfill Alternative Energy Reuse Capped Site Reuse

The 83-acre Omega Hills North Landfill Superfund site is located in Germantown, Wisconsin, outside of Milwaukee. From 1977 to 1982, a state-licensed landfill on site accepted hazardous wastes. The landfill accepted 5,000 tons of hazardous waste and 15 million gallons of liquid waste each year from over 250 Wisconsin industries. The landfill stopped accepting solid waste in 1982 and liquid waste in 1983. Incorrect operation of the landfill’s leachate collection system resulted in groundwater contamination. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. The landfill closed in 1989. Under state oversight, the site’s owner conducted cleanup activities at the site. The owner installed additional underground walls and a new system to collect leachate and prevent it from entering groundwater. The site owner also installed a pretreatment plant for leachate. A landfill methane-to-electricity project started in 1985 provides power via gas turbine electric generators. EPA took the site off the NPL in 1996.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA did not have economic data related to on-site businesses, or economic data were not applicable due to site use. For additional information click here.

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Scrap Processing Co., Inc.

The 2-acre Scrap Processing Co., Inc. Superfund site is located in Medford, Wisconsin. A scrap yard has operated on site since the 1940s, collecting scrap cars, aluminum and other waste metals. From 1955 to 1974 and periodically until 1981, site operations included lead reclamation from batteries. Disposal practices resulted in soil and sediment contamination. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. Cleanup activities included draining and disposal of liquid wastes from the unlined disposal pond on site and stabilization and removal of contaminated soil and sediment. Scrap yard operations remain active on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on one on-site business. This business employed 2 people and generated an estimated $122,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Tomah Armory Capped Site Reuse Core Infrastructure Reuse

The 10-acre Tomah Armory Superfund site is located in Tomah, Wisconsin. The Tomah city government operated an open, unlined landfill on site from the late 1940s until 1955. Landfill operations resulted in the contamination of soil and groundwater. The local government sold part of the site property to the Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs in 1968 for construction of the Wisconsin Army National Guard armory. The armory supports activities associated with the unit’s administration, logistical support and readiness. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987. Cleanup activities included land use restrictions, connections to the public water supply and groundwater monitoring. Groundwater monitoring and cap maintenance are ongoing. The armory remains active on site. A consulting service operates in commercial space on the site. The local government also operates a wastewater treatment plant on site. In 2016, EPA documented that all site cleanup standards have been met. EPA is planning to take the site off the NPL.
Last updated July 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 4 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 59 people and generated an estimated $1,035,575 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Tomah Fairgrounds

Tomah FairgroundsTomah FairgroundsThe Tomah Fairgrounds Superfund site is located in Tomah, Wisconsin. The site includes a 37-acre fairground. The Tomah city government operated an open, unlined dump on site. It accepted industrial and municipal wastes from 1955 to 1960. Waste disposal methods and site operations resulted in soil and groundwater contamination. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1987. Cleanup activities include land use and groundwater restrictions. EPA removed the site from the NPL in 2001. Grass now mostly covers the site. An ice rink and hockey league are also located on site. EPA expects to complete a comprehensive review of the remedy in 2017.
Last updated July 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 3 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 12 people and generated an estimated $1,127,000 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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Waste Research & Reclamation Co.

The 9-acre Waste Research & Reclamation Co. Superfund site is located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. A roofing company operated at the site from the 1970s to 1981. The company’s waste handling practices resulted in contamination of soil, surface water and groundwater. EPA added the site to the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984. Following site investigations, EPA transferred the site to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program. EPA took the site off the NPL in 1993. Waste Research & Reclamation Co. (WRR) bought the site property in 1981. WRR continues to operate reclamation and recycling businesses at the site. WRR’s sister company also operates on site.
Last updated June 2017

As of December 2018, EPA had data on 2 on-site businesses. These businesses employed 97 people and generated an estimated $56,021,053 in annual sales revenue. For additional information click here.

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