Printing and Publishing Monitoring Information
- Monitoring Information Specific to Printing and Publishing
- Monitoring Requirements of Selected Regulations
- Monitoring Information Specific to Control Technologies
- Sources of General Monitoring Information
Monitoring Information Specific to Printing and Publishing
A variety of monitoring approaches are used in the printing industry. The applicable monitoring approach(es) will be dependent on the type of control technique employed by the facility, as well as other factors. General monitoring approaches used in this industry include:
- Documentation of Compliant Inks and Coatings
- Liquid-Liquid Mass Balance (solvent recovery systems)
- Parametric Monitoring (add-on controls)
- Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (add-on controls)
The EPA has published a document entitled "Technical Support Document (TSD) for Title V Permitting of Printing Facilities." Chapter 3 of this document addresses "Monitoring and Practicable Enforceability;" Appendix C of the TSD provides monitoring protocols for capture and control systems for this industry; and, Appendix D discusses monitoring material usage.
Two brief illustrations of these monitoring approaches are included in "Technical Examples for Title V Monitoring" prepared by EPA. The examples are identified as C-1 and C-2 in the following document:
Technical Examples for Title V Monitoring(54 pp, 97 K, About PDF)
Parametric monitoring involves monitoring key operating parameters of the capture system, add-on control system, or process to ensure proper performance of the capture system and add-on control device on an on-going basis. Parametric monitoring for capture and control systems for the printing industry is addressed in the TSD, Appendix C of the Technical Support Document for Title V Permitting and Printing Facilities.
For general information on parametric monitoring or for additional information on parametric monitoring for specific types of control devices see the Sources of General Monitoring Information and Monitoring Information Specific to Control Technologies sections below for links to additional information.
CEMS directly monitor the VOC or HAP content (as concentration) of an emissions stream; e.g., the stack gas from the outlet of an add-on control device. The VOC or HAP mass emission rate can be determined if the exhaust gas flow rate also is monitored. CEMS that might be applied in this industry include "Total Hydrocarbon Analyzers" (THC Analyzers), or analyzers that measure specific organic compounds. For General Information on CEMS see the Sources of General Monitoring Information section below.
Monitoring Requirements of Selected Regulations
Monitoring Information Specific to Control Technologies
Sources of General Monitoring Information
Chapter 4 of the Compliance Assurance Monitoring Technical Guidance Document (CAM TGD).(135 pp, 952 K, About PDF) This chapter identifies sensors, their measurement principles, and basic calibration techniques for common measurement systems.
The Title V Operating Permits rule requires periodic monitoring and sufficiency monitoring for all applicable requirements. Some examples of monitoring for Title V (primarily for sources without add-on control) are included in the Technical Examples for Title V Monitoring(54 pp, 97 K, About PDF)
The Emission Measurement Center provides a website for Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems. This site provides guidance documents, as well as proposed and promulgated performance specifications for different types of CEMS.