An official website of the United States government.

We've made some changes to EPA.gov. If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP)

Sector-based PM2.5 Benefit Per Ton Estimates

The tables below report the benefit per ton values appearing in Characterizing the PM2.5-related health benefits of emission reductions for 17 industrial, area and mobile emission sectors across the U.S. Exit(Fann, Baker and Fulcher 2012) updated to reflect more current  demographic, health and economic input parameters. All estimates are in 2015 dollars, reflect the use of a 3% discount rate, and are based on the Krewski et al. (2009) PM2.5 mortality risk estimate. The 2016 estimates are based on 2016 emissions and use population, baseline mortality incidence rate, and income growth projections for 2016. The 2030 estimates are based on 2030 projected emissions and use baseline mortality incidence rate projections for 2030. The 2030 estimates use population and income growth projections for 2026, which is the latest projected year available.

The methodology is discussed more completely in the Technical Support Document Estimating the Benefit per Ton of Reducing PM2.5 Precursors from 17 Sectors, which includes values for 2016, 2020, 2025, and 2030.

Please Contact Us with questions.

2016

Sector Direct PM SO2 NOx
Locomotives and marine vessels 260,000 89,000 7,800
Area sources 350,000 54,000 8,600
Cement kilns 390,000 48,000 6,300
Coke ovens 510,000 58,000 12,000
Electric arc furnaces 480,000 89,000 11,000
Electricity Generating Units 140,000 40,000 6,000
Ferroalloy facilities 320,000 50,000 5,100
Industrial point sources 540,000 97,000 15,000
Integrated iron and steel facilities 560,000 450,000 18,000
Iron and Steel 340,000 47,000 7,400
Non-road mobile sources 290,000 45,000 7,000
Ocean-going vessels 48,000 13,000 2,000
On-road mobile sources 400,000 21,000 8,300
Pulp and paper facilities 170,000 50,000 4,200
Refineries 350,000 73,000 7,300
Residential wood combustion 400,000 110,000 15,000
Taconite mines 95,000 38,000 6,900

2030

Sector Direct PM SO2 NOx
Locomotives and marine vessels 330,000 120,000 9,600
Area sources 450,000 67,000 11,000
Cement kilns 510,000 60,000 7,700
Coke ovens 590,000 70,000 14,000
Electric arc furnaces 580,000 110,000 13,000
Electricity Generating Units 180,000 49,000 7,200
Ferroalloy facilities 380,000 61,000 6,000
Industrial point sources 630,000 120,000 18,000
Integrated iron and steel facilities 670,000 540,000 22,000
Iron and Steel 430,000 63,000 9,200
Non-road mobile sources 370,000 56,000 8,500
Ocean-going vessels 63,000 17,000 2,600
On-road mobile sources 500,000 28,000 10,000
Pulp and paper facilities 210,000 63,000 5,100
Refineries 430,000 93,000 9,100
Residential wood combustion 510,000 140,000 18,000
Taconite mines 120,000 46,000 8,300