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Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP)

Landfill Gas Energy Project Data and Landfill Technical Data

LMOP tracks key data for landfill gas (LFG) energy projects and municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in the United States. The LMOP Landfill and Landfill Gas Energy Database (LMOP Database) contains information about projects in various stages such as planning, under-construction, operational and shutdown, and is also a data repository for more than 2,600 MSW landfills that are either accepting waste or closed in the past few decades. About 515 of these landfills provide LFG to one or more LFG energy projects currently in operation, for a total of 564 projects. EPA estimates that approximately 480 additional "candidate" landfills could cost-effectively have their methane turned into an energy resource.

Access the Data

LMOP classifies each of the 564 operational LFG energy projects by type, as shown in the 2nd chart on this page. Explore these projects on the LMOP National Map.

You can access spreadsheets of data from the LMOP Database in the following ways:

LFG Energy Project Data
Key project data such as operational status, start date, project size and technology type, as well as project case studies
Landfill Technical Data
Pertinent landfill data such as location, operational status, design capacity and gas collection system status
Data by State
Project and landfill data at the state level and a national map with counts by state

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About the LMOP Database

The LMOP Database contains key information about MSW landfills and LFG energy projects in the United States. LMOP publishes updated data on this website periodically (generally, two to three times a year) to enhance public access to information and support the development of LFG energy projects.

Information in the LMOP Database is compiled from a variety of sources, including:

  • Information about LFG energy projects voluntarily reported to EPA by LMOP Partners under the authority of the LMOP Information Collection Request (EPA ICR No. 1849.09, OMB Control No. 2060-0446). Learn more about LMOP’s Partner voluntary data reporting.
  • Data on MSW landfills submitted to EPA in response to the regulatory requirements of 40 CFR Part 98 - the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP), Subpart HH. These data undergo verification and review processes as part of the GHGRP and are published annually. Note: not all landfills are subject to the requirements of the GHGRP (e.g., those below the reporting threshold). Learn more about EPA's GHGRP.
  • Publicly available data on MSW landfills and LFG energy projects, such as news articles, press releases, reports, presentations and organization websites.

Data received for inclusion in the LMOP Database are reviewed for reasonableness and are corroborated via other data sources when possible. Not all data are updated each year. While the Program strives to keep the information as updated and accurate as possible, the database is not exhaustive.

The LMOP Database does not include data for every MSW landfill in the United States.

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LFG Energy Project and Candidate Landfill Summary

Type Count
Operational Projects 564
Construction Projects 12
Planned Projects 49
Shutdown Projects 348
Candidate Landfills 481

Operational LFG Energy Projects by Type

Type Count
Electricity 400
Direct Use 99
RNG / Pipeline Injection 58
RNG / Local Use 7