An official website of the United States government.

We've made some changes to If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.

Safer Choice

Alternatives to Certain Phthalates Partnership

Phthalates alternatives assessment logo


In December 2019, EPA finalized the designation of 20 chemical substances as high-priority for risk evaluation under the amended Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Seven of the chemical substances are phthalates. Learn more about the chemicals undergoing risk evaluation under TSCA.


Phthalates are used in industrial and consumer products, primarily as plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. They are also used in medical devices, beauty products, textiles, paints, food packaging, dental material, and paper.

Design for the Environment (DfE) is not currently pursuing an alternatives assessment for phthalates because these chemicals are included on the 2014 Update to the TSCA Work Plan and subject to the risk evaluation process required under TSCA. If at the end of the risk evaluation process, EPA determines that any of these chemicals present an unreasonable risk to health or the environment under their conditions of use, the Agency must take action to address those risks.

Phthalates alternatives assessment logo


There have been a number of efforts to understand toxicity and related issues for phthalates, including the Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel (CHAP) on Phthalates, convened by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. The DfE partnership on Alternatives to Certain Phthalates, which includes over 300 stakeholders, representing industry, manufacturing, environmental and public health advocates, other government agencies and academic researchers, recognized that expert panel determinations, such as the CHAP report, will help inform our work on the alternatives assessment.

See all publications from this partnership

Milestones Completion Date
Partnership kickoff meeting August 2011
Finalize project scope February 2012
Finalize list of alternatives Suspended*
Evaluate ecological and human health hazards and environmental fate Suspended*
Draft report available for review and comment Suspended*
Finalize report and publicize results Suspended*

*Design for the Environment (DfE) is not currently pursuing an alternatives assessment for phthalates because this group of chemicals has been added to the TSCA Work Plan based on high hazard and exposure ranking. The phthalates identified in the Work Plan will be subject to a problem formulation that may result in a risk assessment, and, if appropriate, EPA will conduct risk management at that time. The risk management may include an alternatives assessment similar to those evaluated and written by DfE to inform the public about available alternatives.

Phthalates alternatives assessment logo

Partnership Participants

Ramani Narayan Michigan State University
Brad Wheatley University of Queensland
Chemical Manufacturers
Patrick Harmon BASF
Robert Drake BASF
Gwyn Pickering Danisco
Kim Baskerville Danisco
Robert G. Folsom Dow Chemical
Thorne Bartlett Dow Chemical
Dan Bolton Eastman Chemical
Mark Holt Eastman Chemical
Brenda Hollo Ferro
Andrew Couch HB Chemical
Jeff Rand HB Chemical
Tanis Marquette Momentive Specialty Chemicals
Lee Rieth Segetis, Inc.
Tess Fennelly Segetis, Inc.
Kevin Reilly The HallStar Company
Damian Marshall The HallStar Company
Steve O'Rourke The HallStar Company
Chuck Bleakley Akzo Nobel
Chemical Distributor
Ted Fisher ALAC International
David B. Kiddoo AlphaGary Corporation
Elliott Asay Georgia Gulf Chemicals and Vinyls, LLC
Stephen Horton PolyOne
John Macaluso Teknor Apex
Anne LeBleu Arabella Advisors
Kelly Scanlon Concurrent Technologies Corporation
Susan B. Hazen Hazen Consulting and Support Services
Lauren Heine Lauren Heine Group
Steven R. Baer PE International, Inc. & Five Winds Strategic
Jeffrey Rezin Rezin, Inc.
Richard Sprague RT Sprague Consulting
John Butala Toxicology Consultants
Fred Boldt TechPlas Consulting
Charlotte Brody BlueGreen Alliance
Ellie Collinson Breast Cancer Fund
Basket Tuncak Center for International Environmental Law
Lauren Heine Clean Production Action
Jennifer McPartland Environmental Defense Fund
Lin Kaatz Chary Great Lakes Green Chemistry Network
Aurora L. Sharrard Green Building Alliance
Tom Lent Healthy Building Network
Monica Becker Monica Becker & Associates, representing Green Chemistry & Commerce Council (GC3)
Sarah Janssen Natural Resources Defense Council
Karen Miller New York State Breast Cancer Network
Laura Weinberg New York State Breast Cancer Network
Brian Penttila Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
Heather Trim People for Puget Sound
Aida Carbo Underwriters Laboratories
Renee Hartstock Underwriters Laboratories
Alexandra Scranton Women's Voices for the Earth
Product Manufacturers
Chris Zervas The Boeing Company
Bing Xu Ford
Jake Welland Hyundai
Thomas Burns Novozymes North America, Inc.
Jeff Nordquist Baxter Healthcare
Rob Currie Baxter Healthcare
   Building and Construction
Mark T. Mikkelson Andersen Corporation
Michelle Hunt Andersen Corporation
Mark Learn Compound Development Royal Group
Drew Ballensky Duro-Last Roofing, Inc.
James Krahn Marvin Windows and Doors
Bob Beck Masco Corporation
Dwayne Fuhlhage Prosco, Inc.
Michael Schmeida Tremco, Inc.
Kurt Sosinski Tremco, Inc.
Jessica Sanderson USG Corporation
Mark Franklin Sika Sarnafil
   Commercial Cleaning Products
Daniel Daggett Diversey
   Compostable Products
Jeffrey J. Toolan Repurpose Compostables
   Electronics and Information Technology
Therese Deane EMC Corporation
Ron Mateas Epson America, Inc.
Cory Robertson Hewlett-Packard
Helen Holder Hewlett-Packard
Debbie Horn IBM
Stephen Tisdale Intel Corporation
   Fabric Manufacturer
Emanuel Ausch Canadian General Tower Ltd.
Andrew Shimko Seaman Corporation
   Flooring Manufacturer
Jeffrey Ross Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
Jennifer Gaalswyk Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
Erin Dempsey CENTIVA
Joe Ehrhardt Congoleum Corporation
Fred Seifert Forbo Flooring Systems
Tim Cole Forbo Flooring Systems
Dave Kitts Mannington Mills
Indi Chopra Roppe Holding Co.
David L. Wilkinson Tandus Flooring, Inc.
   Fire Safety Products
Antoinette Bangs UTC Fire and Security
Rajesh Malkote UTC Fire and Security
   Household Products
Martin Wolf Seventh Generation, Inc.
   Laboratory Technology
Ravindra Ramadhar PerkinElmer
Alex Mlsna Kimball International
Brad Miller BIFMA International
   Wall Coverings
Marty Ernst Versa Wall Coverings
Trade Associations
Filipa Rio Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
Laura Brust American Chemistry Council
Steve Risotto American Chemistry Council
Brian Graham American Chemistry Council
Kathleen Stanton American Cleaning Institute
Richard Sedlak American Cleaning Institute
Stacey-Ann M. Taylor American Coatings Association
David Panning BIFMA International
William Schneider DASH Multi Corp
Kevin Ott Flexibile Vinyl Alliance
Julia Rege Global Automakers
Chris Cleet Information Technology Industry Council (ITI)
David L. Wagger Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI)
Terry Peters Plastics Industry Trade Association
Dean Thompson Resilient Floor Covering Institute
Marci Kinter Specialty Graphic Imaging Association
Richard Krock The Vinyl Institute
Lynn Smith USCAR
Bill Hall Venable LLP, representing Resilient Floor Covering Institute
State and Local Governments
Hortensia Muniz CA Department of Toxic Substances Control
Robert Brushia CA Department of Toxic Substances Control
Larry Brown King County Waste Management
Al Innes MN Pollution Control Agency
Alex Stone Washington State Department of Ecology
Partnering Federal Government Agencies and Offices
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Food and Drug Administration
Department of Defense
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Environmental Protection Agency
   Integrated Risk Information System
   National Center for Environmental Economics
   Office of Children's Health Protection
   Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response
   Toxics Release Inventory
International Observers
Danish EPA
Environment Canada
Health Canada
Partnership Contacts
Caroline Baier-Anderson U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Clive Davies U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

How do I get more information?

If you would like more information, please contact